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Shows Of the Week 4-2 2010
Ginger—Recipes with ginger
High Fructose Corn Syrup Linked to Liver Scarring
GINGER (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) +++ Synonym — Amomum zingiber L. --Activities (Ginger) — Analgesic (1; FAY; PED; PNC; TRA; WAM); Antiaggregant (1; APA; FAY; MAB; PH2; SKY); Antialcoholic (1; MAB); Antiallergic (1; FAY; MAB); Antibacterial (1; APA; MAB; TRA); Anticarcinogenic (1; MAB); Anticathartic (1; MAB); Anticholinergic (f; MAB); Anticonvulsant (1; PNC); Antidepressant (1; DAA; MAB; WOI); Antidote, araceae (f; DAA); Antidote, mushroom (f; DAA); Antidote, seafood poisoning (f; DAD); Antiedemic (1; HH3; MAB; WHO); Antiemetic (3; KOM; PIP; WHO); Antiemmenagogue (f; APA); Antihistaminic (1; DAA; MAB; PNC); Antiinflammatory (2; FAY; MAB; TRA; WAM; WHO); Antileukotriene (1; PH2; WHO); Antilipidemic (1; PH2); Antimutagenic (1; MAB); Antinarcotic (1; DAA; WHO); Antinauseant (1; MAB; WAM); Antioxidant (1; AKT; DAA; MAB; PH2); Antiprostaglandin (1; AKT; MAB; PH2; WHO); Antipyretic (1; MAB; TRA); Antirhinoviral (1; MAB); Antisecretory (f; FAY); Antiseptic (1; MAB); Antiserotoninergic (1; MAB; WHO); Antispasmodic (1; BGB; KOM; MAB; PIP; PNC; TRA); Antithrombic (1; PH2); Antithromboxane (1; AKT; WHO); Antitussive (1; MAB; PNC); Antiulcer (1; MAB; VVG); Antiviral (1; APA; MAB; TRA; WAM); Anxiolytic (1; MAB); Aperitif (f; DAD; JFM; KAB); Aphrodisiac (f; DAD; KAB; MAD); Arrhythmigenic (1; APA); Astringent (1; PHR; PH2); Candidicide (1; TRA); Cardiotonic (1; MAB); Carminative (1; MAB; PED; PHR; PH2; PNC; SUW); Cholagogue (2; KOM; PIP; VVG); Choleretic (1; PH2; WHO); Circulostimulant (1; AKT; MAB); CNS Depressant (1; APA); COX-2 Inhibitor (1; COX; FNF); Cyclooxygenase Inhibitor (1; MAB; WHO); Diaphoretic (1; APA; CAN; FAY; MAB; MAD); Decongestant (f; RIN); Detoxicant (f; FAY); Digestive (1; AKT; APA; DAA; KAP; MAB; WAM); Emmenagogue (f; AAB; MAD); Expectorant (f; FAY; JFM; MAD; PH2); Fungicide (1; DAD; MAB; TRA); Gastroirritant (1; MAB); Gastroprotective (1; MAB); Gastrotonic (1; PH2); Hepatoprotective (1; MAB; PNC); Hypertensive (1; MAB); Hypocholesterolemic (1; MAB; PED; PNC); Hypoglycemic (1; DAA; MAB; PED); Hypotensive (1; APA; PNC); Immunostimulant (1; PH2); Lactagogue (f; FAY); Lipolytic (1; PH2); Lipoxygenase Inhibitor (1; MAB; WHO); Molluscicide (1; FAY; HH3); Mutagenic (1; MAB); Myorelaxant (PED); Nematicide (1; MAB); Ovicide (1; TRA); Parasiticide (1; MAB); Peristaltic (2; KOM; PIP; PH2); Positive Inotropic (2; KOM; MAB; PIP; PH2); Pressor (1; MAB); Proteolytic (1; DAA); Respirastimulant (f; DAA); Schistosomicide (1; HH3); Secretagogue (2; KOM; PIP); Sialagogue (2; APA; DAA; JFM; KAP; KOM; PH2); Sternutator (f; DAA; DAD); Stimulant (1; BGB; DAA; PED; SUW); Stomachic (f; MAD); Syncope (1; COX; FNF); Thermogenic (1; MAB); Thrombosis (1; PH2); Thromboxane-Synthetase Inhibitor (1; APA); Tonic (2; KOM; PH2); Vasomotor Stimulant (f; DAA); Vermifuge (1; DAA). Indications (Ginger) — Adenopathy (f; KAB); Aging (f; WHO); Alcoholism (1; MAB); Allergy (1; FAY; MAB); Alopecia (f; DAA; DAD; FAY; WHO); Alzheimer’s (1; COX; FNF); Anemia (f; DAA); Anorexia (2; JFM; KAB; PHR; WHO); Anxiety (1; MAB); Arthrosis (1; COX; MAB; SKY); Ascites (f; KAB); Asthma (f; FAY; JFM; MAD); Atherosclerosis (f; SKY); Backache (1; WHO); Bacteria (1; APA; MAB; TRA); Bite (f; DAA; KAB); Bleeding (f; DAA); Blister (1; DAD; DAA; FAY); Boil (f; KAB); Borborygmus (f; BGB); Bronchosis (1; AAB; BGB; FAY); Bruise (f; DAA; DAD); Burn (1; APA; DAD; FAY; MAB); Cancer (1; MAB); Candida (1; TRA); Cardiopathy (1; APA; FAY); Cataract (f; WHO); Catarrh (2; DAD; TRA); Chemotherapy (1; MAB; SKY); Chest Cold (1; AAB); Childbirth (f; AAB); Cholera (f; DAA; DAD); Cold (2; AKT; APA; BGB; MAD; TRA; WHO); Colic (1; PNC; BGB; SUW; WHO); Congestion (f; DAA; DAD; RIN); Convulsion (1; PNC); Corneosis (f; DAA); Cough (1; APA; BGB; FAY; PNC); Cramp (1; APA; BGB; KOM; MAB; PIP; PNC; TRA; WAM); Dandruff (f; APA); Depression (1; APA; DAA; MAB; WOI); Diabetes (1; DAA); Diarrhea (2; AAB; BGB; DAA; TRA; WHO); Dizziness (2; JAD); Dropsy (f; DAA; DAD); Dysmenorrhea (1; AAB; APA; DAA; JFM; MAB); Dyspepsia (2; FAY; KOM; PIP; MAD; SUW; TRA; WAM); Dyspnea (f; BGB; PH2); Earache (f; APA); Edema (1; MAB); Elephantiasis (f; KAB); Enterosis (1; APA; FAY; MAD; PNC); Epigastrosis (f; BGB; MAD); Epistaxis (f; FAY); Escherichia (1; HH3); Fever (2; APA; CAN; FAY; MAB; MAD; TRA); Flu (2; APA; BGB; TRA; VVG; WHO); Fungus (1; DAD; MAB; TRA); Gas (1; AAB; APA; MAB; MAD; PED; PHR; PH2; PNC; SUW; VVG); Gastrosis (2; APA; FAY; MAD; PHR; TRA); Headache (1; APA; FAY; KAP; MAB; WAM); Head Cold (f; JFM; RIN); Hemorrhoid (f; KAB; MAD; WHO); Hepatosis (1; APA; MAD); High Blood Pressure (1; APA; PNC); High Cholesterol (1; MAB; PED; PNC); Hoarseness (f; JFM); Hyperemesis (2; AKT); Immunodepression (1; PH2); Impotence (1; APA; MAB); Infection (1; DAD; MAB; TRA); Infertility (f; MAD); Inflammation (2; FAY; MAB; TRA; SKY; WAM; WHO); Insomnia (f; WHO); Kawasaki Disease (1; MAB); Low Blood Pressure (1; MAB); Lumbago (1; PNC); Malaria (f; JFM; MAD); Marasmus (f; DAA; DAD); Migraine (1; APA; FAY; MAB; PH2; SKY; WHO); Morning Sickness (2; KOM; MAB; PIP; WHO); Motion Sickness (2; KOM; MAB; PIP; WHO); Myalgia (1; AAB; AKT; WAM; WHO); Mycosis (1; DAD; HH3; MAB; TRA); Nausea (2; BGB; DAA; FAY; TRA; WAM; WHO); Nephrosis (f; APA; DAA); Neuralgia (1; COX; FNF); Neurasthenia (f; MAD); Obesity (1; PH2); Opacity (f; JFM); Ophthalmia (f; JFM); Osteoarthrosis (1; AKT; COX); Pain (1; AKT; FAY; JBU; PED; PNC; TRA; WAM; WHO); Palpitation (f; FAY); Parasite (1; MAB; TRA); Pharyngosis (1; JFM; PH2; TRA); Postoperative Nausea (2; WHO); Pyrexia (f; PNC); Raynaud’s Syndrome (f; BGB); Rheumatism (1; FAY; MAB; MAD; PNC; SKY; WHO); Salmonella (1; HH3; TRA); Schistosomiasis (1; DAD; HH3; TRA); Seasickness (2; WHO); Snakebite (f; DAA; DAD); Sore Throat (1; APA); Splenosis (f; FAY); Staphylococcus (1; HH3; TRA); Stomachache (1; AAB; AKT; DAA; DAD); Stomatosis (f; MAD); Streptococcus (1; HH3); Stroke (1; APA); Swelling (1; FAY; HH3; MAB; WHO); Thirst (f; DAD); Thrombocytosis (1; MAB); Toothache (f; DAD; MAD; KAP; WHO); Trichomoniasis (1; DAA); Ulcer (1; APA; FAY; MAB; VVG); Vaginosis (1; DAA); Vertigo (1; MAB); Virus (1; APA; MAB; TRA; WAM); Vitiligo (f; FAY); Vomiting (3; KOM; PIP; WHO); Worm (f; DAA; DAD); Yeast (1; TRA). Dosages (Ginger) — 3–10 g fresh ginger, or 2–4 g dry ginger, 1–3 ×/day (JAD; SKY); 0.3–1.5 g rhizome several ×/day (MAD); 500–1000 mg fresh root 3 ×/day (MAB); 2–4 tbsp fresh root (PED); 3–6 g dry root (PED); 4.5 g dry root:22 ml alcohol/23 ml water (PED); 500 mg dry root 2–4 ×/day --(MAB); 0.3–1 g powdered root (PNC); 2 tsp powdered root/cup water (APA); 0.25–1.0 g herb, or in tea, 3 ×/day (CAN); 0.7–2 ml liquid extract (1:2)/day (MAB); 0.25–3 ml herbal tincture (CAN; SKY); 0.25–3 ml tincture (PNC); 1.7–5 ml tincture (1:5)/day (MAB); 1.5–9 g/day (FAY); 2–4 g/day (HH3); 500 mg tablet 2–4 ×/day (MAB); 3 (530 mg) capsules 3 ×/day (NH); 1 (480 mg) StX 2 ×/day; 15–60 mg ginger oleoresin (PNC); 2.5–5 ml ginger syrup (PNC). Contraindications, Interactions, and Side Effects (Ginger) — Class 2b, 2d (AHP).“Hazards and/or side effects not known for proper therapeutic dosages” (PH2). Perhaps erring on the side of caution, Reichert cautions that ginger may raise the blood pressure, may amplify blood-thinning drug activities, and might be contraindicated in pregnancy. Contraindicated in childhood fevers and gallstones (WAM). Patients with gallstones should consult a practitioner before taking ginger (AHP). The Lawrence Review says overdoses may cause cardiac arrhythmias and CNS depression (LRNP, November 1991). Large doses (6 g or more) possibly gastroirritant, causing a significant increase in exfoliation of gastric surface epithelial cells in human volunteers (MAB). Due to ginger’s strong antiaggregant activity, experts recommend it not be used by people with blood clotting disorders. Many chemotherapy patients experience periods when their blood platelet counts drop dramatically. Doctors will warn patients to avoid aspirin when their platelet counts are low. They feel that patients should also avoid ginger when their platelet count drops, while continuing use of ginger for patients with normal platelet counts. Less conservatively, Commission E reports rhizome should not be used for vomiting in pregnancy (AEH). Lininger et al. (1998) adds heartburn as a rare side effect. “A doctor should be informed if ginger is used before surgery to counteract possible postanesthesia nausea” (SKY). Extracts (Ginger) — Fresh ginger juice reduces serum glucose levels in experimental animals (PED). Both fresh and dry rhizome suppress gastric contractions and reduce vomiting (PNC). Gingerols and shogaols are analgesic, antipyretic, antiprostaglandin, antiulcer, hepatoprotective, and hypotensive (PNC). As carminatives, the EOs, oleoresins, and proteolytic enzymes stimulate digestion, helping combat the effects of overeating, improper chewing, or excessive motion. They increase gastric motility and neutralize acids and toxins in the digestive tract (PED). Gingerol and 6-gingerol inhibit gastric ulceration in rats. I suspect there’s synergy at work in the antiulcer phytochemicals in ginger. 6-Gingesulfonic acid is less pungent but more potent against ulcers than 6-gingerol or 6-shogaol (MAB). Oral spray dried ginger (500 mg/kg) or combinations ginger and licorice extracts (1000 mg/kg), significantly prevented gastric mucosal damage induced by ethanol in rats. Pretreatment with these inhibited the reduction in the deep corpus mucin content caused by ethanol (MAB). As a powerful thromboxane-synthetase inhibitor and prostacyclin agonist, ginger has potential as an antidepressant, in alcohol withdrawal and the complications of liver damage, and in treating a side effect of alcoholism, impotence, in preventing aging penile vascular changes. LD50 ginger oil = >5000 mg/kg orl rat (MAB), LDlo ginger extract = >2300 mg/kg orl mouse, equivalent to 75,000 mg/kg ginger (MAB). Ginger extract equal to aspirin in antiedemic activity; 940 mg powdered ginger is more effective than 100 mg dimenhydrinate for kinetosis (motion sickness); ginger is equal to metoclopramide for postoperative nausea and vomiting (WHO). 8 Gingerol more potently inhibited the response to serotonin than the control drug, cocaine (MAB). Gingerols are more potent at inhibiting prostaglandin synthesis than indomethacin (MAB). Ginger extract inhibited swelling as actively as aspirin (MAB). Shogaol as antitussive as dihydrocodeine (TRA).
Recipes with Ginger---take a length o Ginger about 3-6 inches and peel—add to blender---add honey ¼-1/2 cup ( unpasteurized) if you cannot get that use what is at your disposal –Raw—Unheated ( if it is not unpasteurized chances are it has been microwaved—called flash pasteurizing )—add ½ ounce of any type of drinking alcohol---allow to blend til it is totally fused ( should take about 5-7 minutes )pour into a GLASS container---use it for alertness—pylori—circulation—digestion—healing—pain and assorted uses
High Fructose Corn Syrup Linked to Liver Scarring
Study ties the ubiquitous sweetener to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease---URL of this page: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_96629.html FRIDAY, March 19 (HealthDay News) -- New research links consumption of high-fructose corn syrup, the extremely popular sweetener that shows up in food products from ketchup to jelly, to liver damage in people with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. It's not clear if the sweetener directly causes liver scarring, also known as fibrosis, but those who consumed more of the sweetener appeared to have more liver scarring, according to the report released online in advance of publication in an upcoming print issue of the journal Hepatology. "We have identified an environmental risk factor that may contribute to the metabolic syndrome of insulin resistance and the complications of the metabolic syndrome, including liver injury," Dr. Manal Abdelmalek, associate professor of medicine in the division of gastroenterology/hepatology at Duke University Medical Center and leader of a team of scientists behind the new research, said in a university news release. The researchers examined the medical records of 427 adults with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), along with questionnaires the patients completed about their diets. --Only 19 percent of adults with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease said they never drank beverages containing the sweetener; 29 percent did so every day, the investigators found. ---"Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is present in 30 percent of adults in the United States," Abdelmalek said in the news release. "Although only a minority of patients progress to cirrhosis, such patients are at increased risk for liver failure, liver cancer, and the need for liver transplant. Unfortunately, there is no therapy for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. My hope is to see if we can find a factor, such as increased consumption of high-fructose corn syrup, which if modified, can decrease the risk of liver disease."--Representatives of the corn refining industry took issue with the findings, noting that the study involved a wide range of sources of fructose, not just beverages sweetened with high-fructose corn sugar. Furthermore, "fructose has not been proven to be a cause of NAFLD in humans, and NAFLD subjects are compromised individuals with significant health problems which have very little to do with fructose intake," according to a news release from the Corn Refiners Association released late Friday.---"Moreover, associative studies of this kind are widely judged to be of low scientific value when trying to establish cause-and-effect, data from studies like this that are dependent on recollection of the study subjects are notoriously imprecise, and these studies are full of confounding variables and exceedingly difficult to control," the CRA added.---SOURCE: Duke University Medical Center, news release, March 18, 2010; March 19, 2010, news release, Corn Refiners Association
The European Food Safety Authority published new dietary reference values (DRVs) for carbohydrates, sugar, fibre, fats and water confirming proposals made last year. The final levels have drawn criticism from some scientists. The EU risk assessor was asked by the European Commission to update DRVs for a slate of nutrients on the basis of the most recent scientific evidence, as the last time these were set was in 1993. The values released today are the first of three batches: advice on protein and energy is in the works, and EFSA will start working on vitamins and minerals later this year. EFSA held public consultations on the new DRVs prior to confirming them. The values will now be used as an evidence base underpinning nutritional policies, public health targets, and consumer info and education programmes.
Carbs, sugar and fibre
EFSA’s advice on total carbohydrates is that intake should comprise between 45 and 60 per cent of total energy intake for both adults and children. A daily intake of 25g of fibre is recommended for normal bowel function in adults; II( Totally absurd---anyone eating this much carb as either a fibre or food will wind up depleting there minerals as well as taxing certain organs as well---not to mention the brain deficiency this will cause over a period of time---and the allowance of diseases that will thrive in this type of environment—such as parasites---yeast---and fungal—amoebic as well ) EFSA has also recognised evidence linking fibre to reduced risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, and its role in weight management. II ( yes it will manage to increase body mass as a result of insulin imbalancing---totally absurd )
However it could not find sufficient evidence to support the role of the glycaemic index and glycaemic load in maintaining weight and preventing diet-related diseases. ---No upper limit for sugars has been set, either, because of insufficient evidence and health effects are a matter ofII what foods are consumed and how often, rather than the amount of sugar per se.( again setting standards to conform to a global directive an impossible standard due to the environmental and life styles of different people from different parts of the planet ) II The panel does recognise that there is “good evidence that frequent consumption of foods high in sugars increases the risk of tooth decay”( if this breaks down bone what about your organs and glands?? Scientist or quackery—either way it is a religion I do not want to join ---this stupidity will break you down and cause all kinds of deficiencies as well injuries due to the sugar and yeast and fungal environment that this amount of starchy sugar will create. But says policy makers should consider evidence for consumption patterns of sugar-containing foods when making national nutrition recommendations.
Overall, EFSA says fat intakes should range between 20 and 35 per cent of total energy for adults (the values for children are adjusted to take account of their developmental needs). But evidence for impact of different kinds of fat is recognised, such as the link between saturated and trans fats and blood cholesterol levels. Here too, though, EFSA leaves it to national policy makers to decide how to couch the message that mono- and poly-unsaturated fatty acids are better than trans and saturated. In the case of long-chain omega-3 fatty acids, however, it is more prescriptive. It says a daily intake of 250mg for adults “may reduce the risk of heart disease”. II( another line of BS---the PCB’s and the mercury will cause thyroid and brain issues ) However academics and industry have been lobbying for far higher values than this – ideally over 500mg a day. Following the publication of the proposed values, a 22-strong of scientists wrote to EFSA to ask it to “reconsider its conclusions and advice on omega-3 fatty acids afresh, right from the beginning.” II ( again this will be about who they are representing and the money trail )The scientists also objected to the proposal that ALA (alpha-linolenic) acid is a “viable precursor” to longer-chain DHA and EPA fatty acids. EFSA’s final opinion states that “ALA cannot be synthesised by the body, is required to maintain metabolic integrity, and is therefore considered to be an essential fatty acid”. It proposes an adequate intake level of 0.5 per cent of energy, but says there is not enough evidence to set an average requirement, a lower threshold intake or a population reference intake. It also sees no need for a tolerable upper intake level, as it says there is no convincing evidence of any detrimental health effects. The final DRV included in the current batch is for water. EFSA says 2 litres a day is considered adequate for women, and 2.5 litres for men.
Adipogel forms a viscous droplet when isolated on a petri dish. After further processing, it can be used as a natural extracellular matrix to support new tissue growth. (Credit: N. Sharma)-ScienceDaily (Mar. 26, 2010) — It frequently happens in science that what you throw away turns out to be most valuable. It happened to Deepak Nagrath, but not for long.--The Rice assistant professor in chemical and biomolecular engineering was looking for ways to grow cells in a scaffold, and he discarded the sticky substance secreted by the cells.--"I thought it was contamination, so I threw the plates away," said Nagrath, then a research associate at Harvard Medical School.--That substance, derived from adipose cells -- aka body fat -- turned out to be a natural extracellular matrix, the very thing he was looking for.--Nagrath, who joined Rice in 2009, and his co-authors have since built a biological scaffold that allows cells to grow and mature. He hopes the new material, when suffused with stem cells, will someday be injected into the human body, where it can repair tissues of many types without fear of rejection.---The research by Nagrath and his co-authors appeared last week in the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) Journal. The basic idea is simple: Prompt fat cells to secrete what bioengineers call "basement membrane." This membrane mimics the architecture tissues naturally use in cell growth, literally a framework to which cells attach while they form a network. When the cells have matured into the desired tissue, they secrete another substance that breaks down and destroys the scaffold.--Structures that support the growth of living cells into tissues are highly valuable to pharmaceutical companies for testing drugs in vitro. Companies commonly use Matrigel, a protein mixture secreted by mouse cancer cells, but for that reason it can't be injected into patients.--"Fat is one thing that is in excess in the body. We can always lose it," Nagrath said. The substance derived from the secretions, called Adipogel, has proven effective for growing hepatocytes, the primary liver cells often used for pharmaceutical testing.--"My approach is to force the cells to secrete a natural matrix," he said. That matrix is a honey-like gel that retains the natural growth factors, cytokines (substances that carry signals between cells) and hormones in the original tissue.--Nagrath's strategy for growing cells isn't the only approach being pursued, even at Rice: Another method reported last week in Nature Nanotechnology uses magnetic levitation to grow three-dimensional cell cultures.--But Nagrath is convinced his strategy is ultimately the most practical for rebuilding tissue in vivo, and not only because it may cost significantly less than Matrigel. "The short-term goal is to use this as a feeder layer for human embryonic stem cells. It's very hard to maintain them in the pluripotent state, where they keep dividing and are self-renewing," he said.---Once that goal is achieved, Adipogel may be just the ticket for transplanting cells to repair organs. "You can use this matrix as an adipogenic scaffold for stem cells and transplant it into the body where an organ is damaged. Then, we hope, these cells and the Adipogel can take over and improve their functionality."Nagrath's co-authors are Nripen S. Sharma, a research associate at Rutgers University, and Martin Yarmush, the Helen Andrus Benedict Professor of Surgery and Bioengineering at Harvard Medical School.---The National Institutes of Health and the Shriners Hospitals for Children supported their research.
Story Source: Adapted from materials provided by Rice University. Journal Reference:--Sharma et al. Adipocyte-derived basement membrane extract with biological activity: applications in hepatocyte functional augmentation in vitro. The FASEB Journal, 2010; DOI: 10.1096/fj.09-135095
One million signatures for banning GMOs in Europe
China’s Soils Ruined by Overuse of Chemical Fertilizers
Doctors Say, Reader's Digest is Wrong
Physicians and Researchers Set the Record Straight about Vitamins
Show of the Week 4-5-2010
SAVORY (Satureja sp.) +++ The PH2 entries are for Satureja hortensis L.
Activities (Savory) — Analgesic (f; HH3); Anaphrodisiac[U1] (f; APA); Antialzheimeran (1; COX; FNF); Antiarthritic (1; COX; FNF); Antibacterial (1; APA; CRC; HH3); Anticancer (1; COX; FNF); Antidiuretic (f; CRC); Antiherpetic (1; HH3); Antiinflammatory (1; APA; COX; FNF); Antioxidant (1; CRC; FNF; HH3); Antiseptic (1; HH3; PHR; PH2; PNC); Antispasmodic (1; APA; HH3; PNC); Antiviral (1; HH3; PH2); Aphrodisiac[U2] (f; APA); Astringent (1; APA; CRC; PHR; PH2); Carminative (f; CRC; PNC); COX-2 Inhibitor (1; COX; FNF); Decongestant (1; APA); Diaphoretic (f; CRC); Digestive (f; CRC); Diuretic (1; APA); Expectorant (1; APA; PNC); Fungicide (f; APA); Laxative (f; CRC); Sedative (1; CRC; HH3); Stimulant (f; CRC); Stomachic (f; CRC); Tonic (f; APA; LAF); Vermifuge (f; CRC). Indications (Savory) — Alzheimer’s (1; COX; FNF); Anorexia (f; APA); Arthrosis (1; COX; FNF); Bacteria (1; APA; CRC; HH3); Bite (f; LAF); Cancer (1; COX; FNF); Cancer, mouth (1; COX; JLH); Cancer, throat (1; COX; JLH); Catarrh (f; CRC); Cholecystosis (f; HH3); Cold (1; APA; HH3); Colic (f; CRC); Congestion (1; APA); Constipation (f; CRC); Cough (1; APA); Cramp (1; APA; CRC; HH3; PNC); Diarrhea (1; APA; HH3); Dysmenorrhea (f; HH3); Dyspepsia (1; APA); Enterosis (1; APA; PHR); Fever (f; CRC); Frigidity (f; CRC); Fungus (f; APA); Gas (1; APA; CRC; HH3; PNC); Gastrosis (1; APA; PHR); Hepatosis (f; HH3); Herpes (1; HH3); Infection (1; APA; HH3; PNC); Inflammation (1; APA; COX; FNF); Insomnia (1; CRC; HH3); Mucososis (f; HH3); Mycosis (f; APA); Nausea (f; LAF); Nephrosis (f; HH3); Nervousness (1; CRC; HH3); Otosis (f; CRC); Pain (f; HH3); Salmonella (1; HH3); Sclerosis (f; CRC; JLH); Staphylococcus (1; HH3); Streptococcus (f; HH3); Throat (1; APA); Virus (1; HH3; PH2); Water Retention (1; APA); Worm (f; CRC; HH3). Dosages (Savory) — 1.5 g in tea (HH3); 3 tsp dry herb/day (PHR); (1–2 pediatric)-4 tsp herb/cup water 1–3 ×/day (APA); 0.5–1 tsp tincture 1–3 ×/day (APA). Contraindications, Interactions, and Side Effects (Savory) — Class 1 (AHP). Applied undiluted to backs of hairless mice, summer savory oil was lethal to half the animals in 48 hours (LAF). LD50 = 1370 orl rat (HH3). An important source of the COX-2 inhibitor, ursolic acid (COX).
One million signatures for banning GMOs in Europe
GM FOOD--- FACTS NOT CROPS
The European Commission has just approved growing genetically modified crops for the first time in 12 years, putting the GM lobby's profits over public concerns - 60% of Europeans feel we need more information before growing foods that could threaten our health and environment. A new initiative allows 1 million EU citizens a unique chance to make official requests of the European Commission. Let's build a million voices for a ban on GM foods until the research is done. Sign the petition below and spread the word. Don't forget to include your address so that all of our
signatures count for the citizens' initiative.
To the President of the European Commission José Manuel Barroso: We call on you to put a moratorium on the introduction of GM crops into Europe and set up an independent, ethical, scientific body to research the impact of GM crops and determine regulation.
Read the rest of this report here
Or read other articles about GM crops here
Ruined by Overuse of Chemical Fertilizers
Cropland soils are turning acid from the overuse of nitrogen fertilizers, decreasing productivity, polluting the environment, and contributing huge amounts of greenhouse gas emissions; researchers recommend reducing fertilizer use, but have not considered phasing it out altogether by adopting organic agriculture Dr. Mae-Wan Ho---Intensive chemical agriculture turns soils acid---There has been a significant decline in soil pH since the 1980s in China’s major croplands, mainly from the overuse of nitrogen fertilizers. This was revealed in a study carried out by Chinese, UK and US researchers led by Zhang Fu Suo at the China Agricultural University in Beijing . “Serious soil acidification will threaten food security and environmental safety worldwide,” Zhang said . “Our work has shown that soil quality or soil health should be paid more attention in intensive agricultural production systems receiving high nitrogen and other resource inputs.” The researchers recommend optimal nutrient-management strategies that can significantly reduce nitrogen fertilizer rates without compromising crop yield, but have not considered adopting organic agriculture and phasing out nitrogen fertilizers altogether. --Soils are strongly buffered by inorganic ions, by the weathering of soil mineral, and in the acidic range, by interactions with aluminium and iron, so that its pH remains relatively constant. (pH is a measure of acidity and alkalinity on a scale of 0 to 14; 7 being neutral; it is approximately equal to the negative logarithm (base 10) of the hydrogen ion (H+) concentration.) Soils become acid very slowly under natural conditions, over hundreds to millions of years. Old soils and soils in high rainfall regions tend to be more acid. Naturally acid soils occupy approximately 30 percent of the world’s ice-free land and are commonly associated with phosphorus deficiency, aluminium toxicity, and reduced biodiversity and productivity. --Chinese agriculture has intensified greatly since the early 1980s on a limited land area with large inputs of chemical fertilizers. Grain production and fertilizer nitrogen consumption reached 502 Mt and 32.6 Mt respectively in 2007, increasing 54 and 191 percent since 1981. High levels of N fertilizer can acidify soils both directly and indirectly, and the rates of N applied in some regions are very high compared with those of North America and Europe. This has degraded soils and environmental quality in the North China Plain and the Taihu Lake region in south China, traditionally famous for its scenic beauty but now infamously putrid and polluted [3, 4]. --A national soil survey had been conducted during the early 1980s, and pH was determined in all top soils sampled. For comparison, the team collected all published data on top soil pH from 2000 to 2008 and compiled two (unpaired) datasets on the basis of six soil groups according to geography, and two subgroups of cereal crops and cash crops. Both cropping systems receive very high fertilizer inputs compared with other agricultural systems worldwide, especially cash crops like greenhouse vegetables that have expanded rapidly since the 1980s. The results showed significant drops in pH of 0.13 to 0.8 except in the highest pH soils, which represent only a small percentage of Chinese cultivated soils. In all other soil groups, acidification has been greater in cash crops (pH decreased by 0.3 to 0.8) than cereals (0.13 to 0.76) (see Table 1). As the scale is logarithmic, a pH decrease of 0.3 corresponds to a doubling in hydrogen ion activity. Soils in group 1 are the most acidic in south China and have acidified further since the 1980s. Athough the net Ph decreases for group 1 soils were small compared to the other groups, the impact may be more pronounced because these soils are approaching acidity at which potentially toxic metals such as aluminium and manganese could be mobilized. Read the rest of this article here http://www.i-sis.org.uk/chinasSoilRuined.php
(OMNS, Apr 3, 2010) Yes, Reader's Digest actually said:
"Once upon a time, you believed in the tooth fairy. . . http://www.rd.com/living-healthy/5-vitamin-truths-and-lies/article175625.html )But these doctors disagree: ---"From start to finish, the Reader's Digest article, '5 Vitamin Truths and Lies' was one of the worst bits of propaganda I ever saw. There was not one word in it discussing the benefits of multivitamins, vitamin C, and studies supporting the use of vitamins for preventing cancer and heart disease. Not once was a single dose mentioned. This alone makes the entire effort a farce aimed at a readership that is relying on the publication for accurate information." Allan N. Spreen, M.D. (Mesa, AZ)
FF"Vitamins are among the safest substances known. They have the most minimal side effects, even in large doses, compared with the death rate due to conventional drugs taken according to the manufacturers' advice. Vitamin C is among the most powerful immune modulators if given in large doses. Scare stories against the use of vitamins do the public no good." Erik Paterson, M.D. (Vancouver, BC)
FF"This is not the first time Reader's Digest has written about "bad" vitamins, and they always seem to manage to put it on the front page. But look at their advertising: so much of it is for pharmaceutical drugs. No wonder the article states virtually nothing of the thousands of positive results with vitamins." James A. Jackson, Ph.D. (Wichita, KS)
FF"The author of the Reader's Digest article has not understood the articles used to support her arguments. For example, with vitamin C and the common cold, the article appears to refer to the 2007 Cochrane report. However, this report has been updated frequently since 2007. The last update was on February 2nd of this year. Either the reporter did not read the up-to-date review, or she was unable to understand its content. The review applies only to low intakes, and contains major objections that studies of large doses and orthomolecular intakes were not included. All the data were for intakes far below the levels actually claimed to be effective. The summary of the paper does indeed give a misleading impression, but people might expect an intelligent reporter to check the rest of the report before giving advice." Steve Hickey, Ph.D. (Manchester, UK)
FF"The material was not well-researched, and a bias was clearly in play. 15 pages of drug advertisements in that issue of Reader's Digest is very telling, indeed." Thomas E. Levy, M.D. (Colorado Springs, CO)
a poor job! Reader's Digest needs to review the literature. Haven't they read
any articles by Dr. Bruce Ames? Do they know what quantities of vitamin C
ascorbic were used in the cold studies mentioned in their one-sided report?
Do they know of the high doses that showed benefit?
Do they know of the many studies that have reported benefit from vitamin E and
carotenes? It's easy to be ignorant but biased.
Before a magazine does such a public health disservice, first get the
all the facts."
Michael J. Gonzalez, Ph.D. (San Juan, PR)
a family practitioner who has prescribed vitamins for many reasons,
with beneficial results over the past 25 years, I have
removed Reader's Digest from my waiting room. Unless there is a
follow-up article disclaiming most of what was written, I will discourage my
patients from reading Reader's Digest because of their biased and misleading
Stephen Faulkner, M.D. (Duncan, BC)
FFOwen Fonorow of The Vitamin C Foundation adds: ---"Why did Reader's Digest deem it appropriate to publish unbalanced opinions about the value of vitamins in the April 2010 issue? A balanced report would have quoted experts from both sides of the argument. The negative studies of vitamins are biased, utilizing too small amounts, especially of vitamin C, to fairly evaluate the therapeutic use of the vitamins. There is a 70-year-long history of vitamin C research (now more than 80,000 papers) that consistently shows therapeutic results at higher dosages of many thousands of milligrams. Linus Pauling recommended at least 5,000 mg of vitamin C daily for reversing heart disease. It is a serious public health mistake for Reader's Digest to recommend against a multivitamin."
FFRecipe Cocoa Thermal ----you will need cocoa ¼ cup---maple syrup—2 tablespoon---1-2 egg yolks---1/4 cup of either coconut oil or a combo of cocoa and coconut oil ¼ cup ---powdered green tea ¼ cup—1 tsp – 1 tablespoon of cayenne pepper---what you will do is blend the yolks with the fat til smooth and then add your maple syrup pour in your powdered cocoa and green tea and cayenne let blend til smooth and thick---pour into a glass container---consume when ever you need to feel a lift ---before a work out ---after a break---it will have a slight stimulating effect---slight energy boosting---good levels of different antioxidants from the cayenne cocoa ( heart—circulatory—anticancer ….) with the green tea ( antioxidant—lung and stomach protectant---anti cancer ….) the maple syrup will have minerals as well as other therapeutic impact as a preventative---the fats will increase energy---protect against viral infections—brain support---heart—immune system support
Megatons of Aluminum to Rain Down from Global Experiment
Shows of the week 4-9-2010
Story Source:---Adapted from materials provided by University at Buffalo
TURMERIC (Curcuma longa L.) +++ Synonym: C. domestica Valeton.
Activities (Turmeric) — Alterative (f; DAD; SUW); Amebicide (1; MPI); Analgesic (1; BIB; COX); Antacid (f; BIB; DAD); Antiaggregant (1; AKT; MAB; SKY); Antiangiogenic (1; MAB); Antiarthritic (1; APA; PED; WHO); Antibacterial (1; APA; MAB; MPI); Anticholeretic (1; DAD); Antidote, arsenic (f; DAD); Antiedemic (1; WHO); Antifertility (1; PH2; PNC); Antihistaminic (1; MAB; MPI; SKY); Anti-HIV (1; MAB); Antiinflammatory (2; APA; KOM; PH2; TRA; WAM); Antiintegrase (1; MAB; WHO); Antileukemic (1; AKT); Antileukotriene (1; BGB); Antilymphomic (1; APA; JAD; MAB); Antimutagenic (1; BGB; MAB); Antioxidant (1; PHR; PH2; WAM; WHO); Antiprostaglandin (1; PH2); Antipsoriatic (1; FNF); Antipyretic (1; BIB; COX); Antiseptic (1; MAB; PH2; PNC); Antispasmodic (1; BIB; SHT); Antithromboxane (1; MAB); Antitumor (1; APA; MAB; PH2; TRA); Antiulcer (1; TRA; WHO); Aperitif (2; BIB; PHR); Astringent (f; BIB); Bitter (1; AKT); Cardioprotective (1; MAB); Carminative (1; APA; MAB; SUW; WHO); Chemopreventive (1; MAB); Cholagogue (1; BGB; SHT; TRA); Choleretic (2; KOM; SHT; TRA; WHO); Cholecystokinetic (2; KOM; SHT; WHO); Cyclooxygenase Inhibitor (1; MAB; PNC); Cytotoxic (1; MAB); Decongestant (f; BIB); Depurative (f; MAB; SUW); Digestive (1; MAB); Diuretic (f; APA; BIB); Dusgeusia (f; KAB); Emmenagogue (1; AHP; DAD); Expectorant (f; BIB); Fibrinolytic (1; MAB); Fungicide (1; MAB); Gastroprotective (1; WHO); Hemostat (f; DAD); Hepatoprotective (2; AKT; APA; DAD; PH2; PNC; TRA); Hepatotoxic (1; MAB); Hypocholesterolemic (1; APA; MAB; TRA; WAM); Hypolipidemic (2; MAB; PHR); Hypotriglyceridemic (1; TRA); Immunostimulant (1; BGB; TRA); Insectifuge (1; PHR); Laxative (f; BIB); Lice (f; HAD); Lipolytic (f; PH2); Litholytic (1; HHB; MAB); Mucogenic (1; WHO); Mucolytic (f; AKT); Myorelaxant (1; WHO); Nematicide (1; MAB); NO Scavenger (1; MAB); ODC Inhibitor (1; MAB); Parasiticide (f; DAD; SUW); Phagocytotic (1; BGB; WHO); Protisticide (1; APA; MPI; PNC); Secretagogue (1; TRA); Secretolytic (1; TRA); Stimulant (f; BIB; SUW); Stomachic (f; BIB); TNF Inhibitor (1; MAB); Tonic (1; SUW); Ulcerogenic (1; APA; MAB; WHO); Uterotonic (1; AHP); Vermifuge (f; KAB; SUW); Vulnerary (1; AKT; KAB). Indications (Turmeric) — Abscess (1; FNF; TRA); Adenopathy (f; DAD; JLH); Allergy (1; WAM); Alzheimer’s (1; COX; FNF); Ameba (1; MPI); Amenorrhea (1; BGB; PH2; WHO); Anorexia (2; BGB; BIB; BRU; PHR; PH2); Arthrosis (1; APA; KAP; MAB; PED; WAM; WHO); Asthma (1; MAB; WHO); Atherosclerosis (1; MAB; SKY); Athlete’s Foot (1; FNF); Bacteria (1; APA; MAB; MPI); Bite (f; BIB; PH2); Bleeding (f; DAD; PED; PH2); Boil (1; DAD; WHO); Bronchosis (f; BIB; PH2); Bruise (f; DAV; PED; PH2; WHO); Bursitis (1; SKY); Cancer (1; APA; BGB; MAB; PH2; TRA); Cancer, abdomen (1; COX; FNF; JLH); Cancer, breast (1; COX; FNF; MAB); Cancer, colon (1; COX; FNF; JLH; JNU); Cancer, joint (1; JLH; MAB); Cancer, mouth (1; COX; FNF; JLH); Cancer, nose (1; COX; FNF; JLH); Cancer, sinew (1; COX; FNF; JLH); Cardiopathy (1; AKT; MAB); Cataract (1; MAB); Catarrh (f; UPW); Chest Ache (f; PH2); Childbirth (f; DAD); Cholecystosis (2; APA; PHR); Cold (f; KAP; PH2); Colic (f; APA; PED; PH2); Coma (f; DAD); Congestion (f; APA; BIB); Conjunctivosis (f; KAB; MAB; PH2; SUW); Constipation (f; BIB; PH2); Coryza (f; KAB); Cramp (1; AKT; BIB; DAD; SHT); Cystosis (f; PH2); Dermatosis (1; AKT; MAB; PH2; SUW; WHO; WOI); Diarrhea (1; APA; WHO); Dropsy (f; DAD); Dusgeusia (f; KAB); Dysmenorrhea (1; AKT; APA; PED; WHO); Dyspepsia (2; KOM; MAB; PH2; WHO); Dysuria (f; DAD); Eczema (1; BGB; KAP; MAB); Edema (1; KAP; PH2; WHO); Elephantiasis (f; DAD); Enterosis (1; AKT; DAD; PH2; WHO); Epilepsy (f; WHO); Epistaxis (f; DAD; PH2); Fever (1; APA; BIB; COX); Fibrosis (1; BGB; MAB); Fungus (1; BIB; MAB; PH2); Gallstone (1; APA; MAB); Gas (1; APA; MAB; PH2; SUW; WHO); Gastrosis (f; PH2); Gonorrhea (f; BIB; KAB); Gray Hair (f; HAD); Headache (f; PH2); Hematemesis (f; DAD; PH2); Hematuria (f; DAD); Hemorrhoid (f; MAB); Hepatosis (2; AKT; APA; DAD; MAB; PED; PHR; PH2; PNC; TRA); High Blood Pressure (1; KAP); High Cholesterol (1; AKT; APA; MAB; TRA; WAM); High Triglycerides (1; MAB; TRA); HIV (1; MAB); Hyperlipidemia (1; MAB); Hysteria (f; DAD); IBS (1; PED); Immunodepression (1; BGB; TRA); Infection (2; MAB; MPI; PH2); Inflammation (2; APA; KOM; PHR; PH2; TRA; WAM; WHO); Itch (f; APA; KAP; PH2); Jaundice (1; MAB; TRA); Laryngosis (1; BIB; COX); Leprosy (f; PH2); Leukemia (1; AKT); Leukoderma (f; DAD); Lymphoma (1; BIB; COX; FNF); Malaria (f; KAP; PH2); Mania (f; DAD); Morning Sickness (1; MAB); Mucososis (f; PH2); Mycosis (1; MAB; PH2); Nephrosis (1; AKT; PH2); Obesity (2; MAB; PHR); Ophthalmia (1; AKT; DAD; PH2); Osteoarthrosis (1; MAB); Ozena (f; KAB); Pain (1; BIB; COX; WHO); Parasite (f; BIB; DAD; KAP; SUW); Polyp (1; COX; JLH; JNU); Psoriasis (1; FNF; MAB); Puerperium (f; MAB); Radiation (1; AKT); Restenosis (1; MAB); Rheumatism (1; BIB; COX; SKY); Rhinosis (1; COX; JLH); Ringworm (f; APA; BIB; KAP; PH2); Scabies (2; BGB); Smallpox (f; DAD); Sore (f; PH2); Sore Throat (f; PH2); Sprain (1; MAB; SUW); Staphylococcus (1; MPI; UPW); Stone (1; HHB; MAB); Stroke (f; PH2); Swelling (1; AKT; COX; PH2; WHO); Syphilis (f; DAD); Trauma (f; AKT); Tumor (1; APA; MAB; PH2; TRA); Ulcer (1; BIB; COX; PED; TRA; WHO); Uveosis (2; AKT); VD (f; BIB; DAD); Vertigo (f; BIB; DAD); Vomiting (f; PH2); Wart (f; JLH); Water Retention (f; APA; BIB); Whitlow (f; JLH); Worm (f; KAB; SUW); Wound (1; APA; BGB; PH2; SUW; WAM); Yeast (1; PED). Dosages (Turmeric) — 4 g turmeric powder in water 1–2 ×/day (MAB); 3–9 g crude turmeric/day (WHO); 4.5–9 g rhizome/day as tea (AHP); 0.1 g rhizome up to 20 g/day (HHB); 1.5–3 g rhizome (KOM); 0.5–1 g rhizome several ×/day between meals, or 1.5–3 g day, often with warm milk (APA); 1 tsp rhizome/cup warm milk (APA); 0.5–1 g oral rhizome infusion 3 ×/day (WHO); 5–14 ml fluid rhizome extract (1:1) divided in 4–5 doses (MAB); 3–5 g fresh herb (PED); 0.3–0.5 g dry herb (PED); 0.4 g dry herb:2 ml alcohol/2 ml water (PED); 1.5–3 g crude drug/day (SHT); 40mg curcumin 3 ×/day (SKY); 1200 mg curcumin (APA); 1 (445 mg) StX capsule 2–3 ×/day (JAD); 300 mg capsules to 3 ×/day (APA). Contraindications, Interactions, and Side Effects (Turmeric) — Class 2b. Emmenagogue and uterotonic. Contraindicated in patients with bile duct obstruction, gallstones, hyperacidity, and stomach ulcers (AHP; AEH). While in moderate doses, turmeric is said to inhibit cancers, lymphomas and ulcers, overdoses of curcuminoids may possibly be cytotoxic and ulcerogenic, and may lead to diminution of red and white corpuscles. Still, Commission E approves 1.5–3 g/day, not nearly enough to provide 1200 mg curcumin. Commission E also reports contraindications: biliary obstruction; adverse effects: GI irritation from continued use; consult physicians before using if a patient has gallstones (BIS; KOM). At 10% of diet, turmeric caused some loss of hair in rats (MAB). Care should be taken in women who wish to conceive or patients complaining of alopecia (MAB). Rather frightening what one reads in UPW (2000): Laboratory animals treated with it are reported to have been rendered entirely infertile. Women who are pregnant, or children (not yet widely in children) with gallbladder or liver disease or ulcers, should avoid turmeric (WAM). Limit internal use to 10 days (WAM). Extracts (Turmeric) — Fond as I am of synergy and food farmacy, I like the following comments: Curcumin can inhibit estrogen-positive human breast cells induced by estradiol or pesticides individually or mixed. Curcumin and genistein were synergistic, totally inhibiting induction in vitro. Curcuminoids inhibit cancer at initiation, promotion and progression in vitro and in vivo (MAB). Viva curried bean soup, like I am having for lunch. Reportedly as effective as hydrocortisone acetate or indomethacin in experimental inflammation (WHO). Both natural antiinflammatory curcumin (1200 mg/day) and unnatural phenylbutazone (30 mg/day) improved joint swelling, morning stiffness, and walking time in people with rheumatoid arthritis, both better than placebo (WHO). Bruneton notes that the antiinflammatoryED50 of curcumin orally in rats is 48 mg/kg ( = 4.8 g in me) and is apparently devoid of side effects (BRU), while the ipr ED50 is only 2.1 mg/kg, suggesting that the ipr route is 20 times more effective. But I am not into injecting herbs. Enjoy your curried beans, counting on thse synergies. Duke suggests curcumin needs to be compared with Celebrex and Vioxx as a COX-2 inhibitor. EO showed significant antihistaminic and antiinflammatory activity, the latter at 0.1 ml/kg, which translates to 10 ml for me, a rather dangerous dose. At a dose of 1.5 g/day/30 days, turmeric reduced urinary excretion of mutagens in an uncontrolled trial of 16 chronic smokers. In six nonsmoking controls there was no change in urinary secretion. Turmeric had no effect on serum alanine aminotransferase, aspartate amino transferase, blood glucose, creatinine, and lipid profile (MAB). Turmeric extract (~20 mg cur-cumin/day) for 45 days dramatically decreased blood lipid peroxide levels in 18 male subjects (MAB). Curcumin is poorly absorbed (some 15–35% max in rats) orally but if administered with piperine (from black and long pepper), absorption is improved more than 150% in rats. But i human volunteers, 20 mg piperine increases bioavailability of curcumin 20-fold (MAB). One study indicated curcumin and sodium curcuminate were more potent than phenylbutazone in acute and chronic arthritic models, while another found it only 1/10th as effective as ibuprofen. While ulcerogenic in large doses, curcumin is only about one-third as ulcerogenic as the phenylbutazone. In low doses, curcumin had antiulcer activity, protecting against the ulcerogenic activity of phenylbutazone (MAB). 1-Phenylhydroxy-N-pentane stimulates the secretion of secretin, gastrin and bicarbonate, helping maintain the gastric pH in dogs and humans (TRA). LD50 ether extracts 12,200 mg/kg orl rat (MAB), LDlo curcumin >2000 mg/kg orl mus (MAB), LDlo curcumin >5000 mg/kg orl rat (MAB)
ScienceDaily (Apr. 1, 2010) — If everyone became vegan and so ate only fruit and vegetables, then the reduction in greenhouse emissions for the whole of food consumption would be a mere 7%. The widespread adoption of vegetarianism would have even less impact, while organic food production actually leads to a net increase in greenhouse gas emissions. Those are the conclusions of a research paper published in the journal Progress in Industrial Ecology.--Helmi Risku-Norja and Sirpa Kurppa of MTT Agrifood Research Finland, working with Juha Helenius of the Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Helsinki, have determined that the cultivation of soil for whatever purpose, whether growing crops or raising livestock is the primary source of greenhouse gas emissions in food production, not fertiliser production, animal husbandry, nor agricultural energy requirements.--The team explains that for current average food consumption, in Finland, emissions from soil represent 62% of the total emissions. Greenhouses gases released by cows and sheep account for 24%, and energy consumption and fertiliser manufacture about 8% each. The greenhouse emissions performance for extensive organic production is poor, they explain, despite this approach to farming being considered the "green" option, the lower efficiency requires the cultivation of greater areas of soil, which counteracts many of the benefits.--Reducing greenhouse gas emissions through food consumption would require large-scale changes among the entire population, the team points out. They suggest that rather than stressing the impact of an individual citizen's dietary choices, we should be paying more attention to social learning and to the notion of working towards food sustainability and security. In general, sustainable consumption might be possible by introducing services to substitute for material consumption. Although food itself cannot be substituted, a lot can be done at the household level to improve sustainability of food provisioning and reduce food wastage.---"There is a pressing need to design effective policy measures," says Risku-Norja. "Consumer information is important from the viewpoint of food and sustainability education, leading eventually to adopting more sustainable lifestyles in the coming generations," the team concludes.---- —ØPro GMO× MY comment here is that this is leading to regulation –again a individual right of free choice being taken from you so you will eat was is dictated rather then what is needed—again talk of regulation—a diminishing of another right of choice---in Canada under Bill C-6 the legislation gives autonomy to health inspectors to come into your house with out a warrant to remove what they feel ( not necessary what is really an issue) is not safe –imagine them taking a bay leaf plant out of your house due to the fact that is it not sustainably efficient---or potentially toxic---even the air we breathe is toxic due to the pollutants and particulates and the chem. Trails we breathe each day—so when looking at these types of articles ---even tough they sound appealing , these are the very things that lead us down a path of loss
Story Source---Adapted from materials provided by Inderscience, via AlphaGalileo.
1. Helmi Risku-Norja, Sirpa Kurppa, Juha Helenius. Dietary choices and greenhouse gas emissions -- assessment of impact of vegetarian and organic options at national scale. Progress in Industrial Ecology An International Journal, 2009; 6 (4): 340 DOI: 10.1504/PIE.2009.032323
Megatons of Aluminum to Rain Down from Global Experiment
It took Indy-media Journalist Mike Murphy to do what mainstream media could or would not do - report on the ALARMING THREAT coming out of the annual American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) meeting in San Diego. Geo-engineering scientists are planning on dumping up to 20 MEGATONS (20 million metric tons) of aluminum, each year, into our lives. -Geo-Engineering (GE) is the artificial modification of Earth’s climate systems to REDUCE THE EFFECTS OF GLOBAL WARMING. --Industrial sized GE projects range from DECLASSIFIED experimentation like ocean iron fertilization, to HIGHLY CLASSIFIED dangerous experimentation like AEROSOL SPRAYING (chemical spraying). --Scientist David Keith, standing aside fellow geoengineers Ken Caldeira and Alan Robock, said in the geoengineering seminar on February 20 that they have decided to switch their stratospheric aerosol model from sulfur to aluminum. Keith went on to say that 10-20 MEGATONS per year of aerosolized aluminum will be sprayed into the atmosphere to deflect sunlight to halt global warming. No journalist prior to Murphy (and even now) has reported on the bait and switch by geoengineers. --Dane Wigington, a climate researcher and solar expert, cornered Keith in the question and answers that followed. --Wigington: “Did you do a study on human respiration? 10 megatons of aluminum dumped into the atmosphere will have no human health impacts?” ---Keith: “Let me be more careful here… to separate out the toxicological crux. The aluminum we have only begun to research and published nothing. Mostly worked on sulfur and the relevant comparison is that just as Robock said...(referring to sulfur particle number studies mentioned by Alan Robock). ---“The whole thing he just got through was particle numbers, the impact of particle numbers…but we haven’t done anything on aluminum. So if we add onto the tropo- aerosols, could we have any impact? That was totally irrelevant. That was just on particle numbers... But we haven’t done anything serious on aluminum and so there could be something terrible that we will find tomorrow that we haven’t looked at.” ---BC Radio Debate reveals at least TWO BILLION threatened by Aerosol Scheme ---Professor Martin Bunzl Ph.D. is the director of the Rutgers Initiative on Climate Change, Social Policy and Politics. Soon after the AAAS meetings, he debated Livermore scientist and geoengineer Ken Caldeira on the BBC. Caldeira’s argument was weakened by statements he made. For example: ---“I don’t think we really know yet if these options will really reduce risk”. ---Dr. Bunzl stated that a recent Rutgers report revealed that Caldeira’s Aerosol scheme would leave over TWO BILLION people without food. ---Caldeira then stated: “We will have to work on developing procedures and institutions that will compensate people who are damaged and provide them with food.” --The Rutgers report clearly predicts Caldeira’s scheme will create great suffering on the planet. (Note: Other geoengineer’s have already stated that Africa and other regions will suffer more draught as well.) ---Mauro Oliveira from GeoEngineeringWatch! has stated, “Considering the research in plain site, there is little doubt a great number of deaths will be attributed to geoengineering, likely beyond the scope of human imagination.” ---Geo-engineering scientists to meet in closed door sessions to decide governance On March 22-26, 2010, the Climate Respond Fund is sponsoring the Asilomar International Conference on Climate Intervention Technologies in Monterey, California. This conference will address and “…develop guidelines for…research and testing of proposed climate intervention and geoengineering technologies…” ---Independent journalists have been rejected entrance to the Monterey meeting, contrary to statements made outside the AAAS meeting by David Keith, that geoengineers believed in public transparency, democracy and even suggested some sort of referendum be used to allow the public’s input to guide the process. Immediately after though, he stated that “some things” should be kept secret, like torture and atomic weapons, for the greater good.
Box 225 CA 96065
Montgomery Creek, CA 96065
Milk Thistle --- Milk Thistle Silibin Targeting silibinin in the antiproliferative pathway
Recipe Milk Thistle Combo
Shows of the Week 4-12-2010
MILK THISTLE (Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn.) +++ Synonym: Carduus marianus L. Activities (Milk Thistle) — Adrenergic (1; WOI); Alterative (f; BIB; EFS); Antiallergic (1; MAB); Antibilious (f; APA); Anticarcinogenic (1; MAB); Antidepressant (f; PNC); Antidote (2; SHT); Antidote, mushroom (1; PH2); Antiedemic (1; MAB); Antiinflammatory (1; BGB; MAB; WAM); Antileukotriene (1; MAB); Antioxidant (2; MAB; SHT); Antiprostaglandin (1; MAB); Antitoxic (2; SHT); Antitumor (1; MAB); Antiviral (1; PNC); Aperient (f; BIB; WOI); Bitter (1; PED); cAMP-Phosphodiesterase Inhibitor (1; MAB); Cholagogue (2; BIB; EFS; PHR); Choleretic (1; HHB; MAB); Demulcent (f; PNC; WOI); Depurative (f; EFS); Diaphoretic (f; BIB; EFS; WOI); Digestive (1; WAM); Emmenagogue (f; BIB; EFS; PHR; PH2); Expectorant (f; BIB); Glutathionigenic (1; MAB); Hemostat (f; BIB); Hepatoprotective (2; KOM; SHT; WAM); Hepatoregenerative (2; KOM; MAB); Hypolipidemic (1; PNC); Hypocholesterolemic (1; MAB); Lactagogue (1; APA; BIB; HMM; WOI); Laxative (1; BIB; WOI); Lipolytic (1; PNC); 5-Lipoxygenase Inhibitor (1; MAB); Litholytic (f; WOI); Peristaltic (1; WOI); Stimulant (f; EFS; PHR); Sunscreen (1; MAB); Sympathicolytic (f; HHB); Tonic (1; BIB; EFS; PHR; WAM). Indications (Milk Thistle) — Allergy (1; MAB); Anorexia (2; FAD; PHR); Anthrax (f; BIB); Asthma (f; BIB); Bleeding (f; BIB; HHB); Bronchosis (f; BIB); Calculus (f; BIB; WOI); Cancer (1; JLH; MAB; WOI); Cancer, breast (1; HHB; JLH; MAB); Cancer, nose (f; HHB; JLH); Cancer, ovarian (1; MAB); Catarrh (f; BIB); Childbirth (f; HHB); Cholecystosis (2; A; BIB; PHR; PH2); Cirrhosis (2; BGB; KOM; PH2; SHT); Colic (f; HH3; PH2); Constipation (1; BIB; WOI); Cough (f; BIB); Cramp (f; BIB); Cystosis (f; HH3); Depression (f; BIB; PNC); Dermatosis (1; BIB; PED); Diabetes (1; MAB; WOI); Diabetic Neuropathy (1; MAB); Dropsy (f; BIB; HHB; WOI); Dysmenorrhea (f; APA); Dyspepsia (2; FAD; KOM; PH2; SHT); Enterosis (f; APA; WOI); Fever (1; BIB; EFS; HHB; WOI); Food Allergy (1; WAM); Gallstone (1; HHB; MAB; SKY); Gastrosis (f; APA); Hemoptysis (f; BIB); Hemorrhoid (f; BIB; HHB; MAB; WOI); Hepatosis (2; KOM; PH2; SHT; WAM); Hepatitis A (1; BGB); High Cholesterol (1; MAB); Hydrophobia (f; BIB); Hypotonia (f; HH3); Infection (f; HHB); Inflammation (1; APA; BGB; MAB; WAM); Intoxication (1; FAD); Insulin Resistance (1; SYN); Itch (1; MAB); Jaundice (2; BIB; HH3 MAB; PH2; PNC; WAM); Leukorrhea (f; BIB); Malaria (f; BIB; HHB; PHR; PH2); Menopause (f; HHB); Metrorrhagia (f; HHB); Migraine (f; HH3); Mushroom Poisoning (2; FAD; SHT); Nausea (1; MAB); Nephrosis (f; BGB); Obesity (1; PNC); Oligolactea (f; APA); Peritonosis (f; BIB); Phlebitis (f; APA); Plague (f; BIB); Pleurisy (f; BIB); Psoriasis (f; SKY); Pulmonosis (f; BIB); Sore (f; HB); Splenosis (f; BGB; BIB; HH3; PHR; PH2); Stone (f; WOI); Swelling (1; MAB); Syndrome-X (1; SYN); Tumor (1; MAB); Ulcus cruris (f; HHB; HH3); Uterosis (f; BIB; PHR; PH2; WOI); Varicosis (f; HHB; HH3); Virus (1; PNC). Dosages (Milk Thistle) — 2–3 tsp fresh leaf (sic) (PED); 1–3 g dry leaf (sic) (PED); 1 g seed (HHB); 3.5–15 g seed/day (HH3); 4–9 g seed/day (MAB); 1 tsp (3–5 g) mashed seed/cup water 3–4 ×/day, one-half hour before meals (APA; HH3); 12–15 g whole or powdered seed, an equivalent to 200–400 mg silymarin, the collective name for silybinin, silydianin, and silychristin (KOM; SHT); 4–9 ml fluid extract (1:1)/day (KOM); 1–2 (540 mg) capsules (StX with 175 mg certified potency seed extract with at least 80% silymarin, synergistically combined in a base of turmeric and artichoke) 3 ×/day with water (NH); 175 mg 80% silymarin StX (PED); 420 mg silymarin/day (PNC); 200–400 mg silymarin (SHT); 200–600 mg silymarin/day for Syndrome X (SYN). Contraindications, Interactions, and Side Effects (Milk Thistle) — Class 1 (AHP). “Hazards and/or side effects not known for proper therapeutic dosages” (PH2). None known (WAM). Commission E reports no contraindications or drug interactions for the fruit. Occasional mild laxative effects are reported (AEH). One observational study (n = >2000) reported ca. 1% side effects, mostly transient GI distress (SHT). One Australian report, attributed to something other than silybin in the milk thistle product, suggested abdominal cramping, diaphoresis, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and weakness (PH2). Antagonizes phentolamine and yohimbine (PH2). “The long term safety and the advisability of the use of these extracts in pregnant or women of potential childbearing remain to be established” (LRNP, March 1988). “May be used by ... pregnant and lactating women” (SKY). Extracts (Milk Thistle) — Milk thistle regenerates injured liver cells (SKY). Silymarin at 100 mg/kg in rabbit diets is reported to induce P-450. Such data weakly suggest that milk thistle might detoxify (or inactivate) drugs detoxified by P-450. Silymarin, the antihepatotoxic lignan, is hypolipidemic, lowering fatty deposits in the livers of experimental animals, and has been used successfully for Hepatitis B virus (PNC). Pretreatment with silymarin and silybin gives 100% protection against mushroom poisoning in experimental animals. Post treatment? When silybin was given ivn to humans within 48 hours of ingesting death cap mushroom, it effectively prevented fatalities (PNC). LD50 silybinin 1065 mg/kg ivn mouse (HH3), LDlo silymarin = >20,000 mg/kg orl mouse (MAB), LDlo silymarin = >1000 mg/kg orl dog (MAB), LDlo extracts >16,000 mg/kg orl mouse (HH3).
Milk Thistle Silibin Targeting silibinin in the antiproliferative pathway. Expert Opin Investig Drugs. 2010 Feb;19(2):243-55--Authors: Li L, Zeng J, Gao Y, He D
IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD: Due to the failure and severe toxicity of cancer chemotherapy, silibinin, a natural flavonoid from the seeds of milk thistle, has recently received more attention for its potential anticancer and nontoxic roles in animals and humans. Silibinin has clearly demonstrated inhibition of multiple cancer cell signaling pathways, including growth inhibition, inhibition of angiogenesis, chemosensitization, and inhibition of invasion and metastasis. Cumulative evidence implicates that silibinin is a potential agent for cancer chemoprevention and chemotherapy. AREAS COVERED IN THIS REVIEW: Our aim is to discuss the recent progress of silibinin in regulating multiple anticancer proliferative signaling pathways; the review covers literature mainly from the past 3 - 5 years. WHAT THE READER WILL GAIN: One of the strategies for tumor therapy is eradication of cancer cells through targeting specific cell-proliferative pathways. This review highlights the current knowledge of silibinin in regulating multiple cellular proliferative pathways in cancer cells, including receptor tyrosine kinases, androgen receptor, STATs, NF-kappaB, cell cycle regulatory and apoptotic signaling pathways. TAKE HOME MESSAGE: The molecular mechanisms of silibinin-mediated antiproliferative effects are mainly via receptor tyrosine kinases, androgen receptor, STATs, NF-kappaB, cell cycle regulatory and apoptotic signaling pathways in various cancer cells. Targeting inhibition of proliferative pathways through silibinin treatment may provide a new approach for improving chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic effects. PMID: 20047507 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Recipe Milk Thistle Combo–Dandelion Root or leaf 1-2 tsp---Milk Thistle Seed---1-2 tsp—Nettle Leaf or Root 1-2 teaspoons—Parsley 1-2 tsp of powder or ½ cup of chopped leaf---put into a pot with distilled or reverse osmosis water—allow to come to boil and allow to simmer---Used for –Blood purifying---hormonal balancer and removal of excesses—Liver Support-Kidney Support-Pancreatic Support—Bile Duct Support—Gall bladder Support—Anti Cancer-Immune Enhancing-Strenghtener-Antioxidant-Chlorophyll-Leuteolin-Apigenin-Silybin-Sylmarin-Can be used Regularly—Should see energy and strength being optimal
Pterostilbene ingredient claimed to be superior to resveratrol
ChromaDex is launching an ingredient with similar properties to resveratrol having obtained commercial rights to the biological compound from the University of Mississippi and the Agriculture Research Service (ARS). Found in blueberries, grapes, and other small fruits, pterostilbene is the name of the compound that ChromaDex is launching under the pTeroPure brand.
Health benefits --Pterostilbene is chemically related to resveratrol, and according to ChromaDex, it has shown promise for improving cardiovascular health, glucose levels, and cognitive function. --ChromaDex CEO Frank Jaksch told NutraIngredients.com that the company has licensed patents related to cholesterol control, diabetes, and oxidative stress. Comparing pterostilbene to resveratrol, Jaksch said they are very similar but the former has the advantage of metabolising at a slower rate in the body giving it more opportunity to be absorbed into the blood stream. ChromaDex said research also indicates that the two can work well together and may be more effective in combination than as separate entities. Jaksch said research suggests that one picks up where the other falls down and visa versa. RThis is called synergy!! RInitially ChromaDex will be targeting the dietary supplement market in the US but there are plans eventually expand into the functional food and drink space. In preparation for this next step the California-based company is planning to complete its first clinical trial on pterostilbene by the end of the year and work on the development of a water soluble version of the ingredient.
Research history --Research on the properties and potential of pterostilbene has been conducted by a group of scientists at the University of Mississippi and the ARS – a scientific research arm of the US Department of Agriculture. ARS researcher Agnes Rimando began work on the compound in the 1990s when the health benefits of resveratrol were being discovered. Ricardo wanted to discover whether pterostilbene offered similar benefits and so in 2003 she collaborated with other scientists including Dennis Feller, the former chair of pharmacology at the University of Mississippi.
Bulgaria parliament bans GMO crops to soothe fears
Bulgaria’s parliament voted on Thursday to tighten a law that effectively banned cultivation of genetically modified (GM) crops for scientific and commercial reasons in response to public fears.--The ruling center-right GERB party decided to drop a planned moratorium on GMO production because the new law would keep the European Union member GMO-free, deputies said. --Non-government organizations, farmers and citizens have rallied for over two months against the government’s initial plans to replace a ban with a licensing regime, which they feared would flood the poorest EU member with GMO crops.--The protesters and a number of political parties, including some of GERB’s rightist allies in parliament, had said biotech and other industries were behind the planned regime ease and called on the government not to give in to corporate pressure.--Growing public resistance forced the ruling party, elected last July, to abandon its initial plan, saying it only aimed to comply with the EU legislation.--“There will be no field on the country’s territory where GMOs can be cultivated,” Kostadin Yazov of GERB’s parliamentary group, said.--Authorizing GMOs for consumption, processing or cultivation in Europe is a politically charged subject with many openly hostile to what they call “Frankenstein foods.”--A March survey by state-funded pollster NPOC showed 97 percent of Bulgarians wanted their country to be GMO free.--The new law bans GMO cultivation in nature protected areas and large buffer zones around those areas and fields with organic crops which effectively means scientific experiments and commercial cultivation will be impossible in the Balkan country.--The amendments also forbid growing crops approved by the European Commission such as the genetically modified potato, Amflora, developed by German chemical maker BASF, and three genetically modified maize types, made by U.S. biotech firm Monsanto.Under the law, fines for perpetrators were raised to up to one million levs ($698,300). Protesters said they were happy with the new law.--Bulgaria’s parliament also approved tighter regulations for labeling products with GMO contents after checks by the health ministry showed that hundreds of food products had such ingredients above the allowed quantity-http://www.reuters.com
Increased blood levels of selenium may decrease a man’s risk of abnormal blood sugar metabolism, and maybe protect against diabetes, says a new study from France. ---Levels of the minerals did not affect the risk of abnormal blood sugar metabolism (dysglycemia) in women, however, according to findings published in Nutrition & Metabolism. “We need to identify the optimal range of selenium status and intake that will minimize potential adverse effects on glucose metabolism while optimizing type 2 diabetes prevention,” wrote the researchers, led by Tasnime Akbaraly from the University of Montpellier I. “This may allow us to target a population that might benefit from selenium supplementation.”
Europe versus America ---The study is of added importance in Europe where selenium levels have been falling Europe since the EU imposed levies on wheat imports from the US, where soil selenium levels are high. As a result, average intake of selenium in the UK has fallen from 60 to 34 micrograms per day, leading to calls from some to enrich soil and fertilizers with selenium to boost public consumption. Selenium-enriched fertilizers are used in Finland. The European recommended daily intake (RDI) is 65 micrograms. The recommended EC Tolerable Upper Intake Level for selenium is 300 micrograms per day.
Study details --Akbaraly and her co-wokrers followed 1,162 healthy French men and women for nine years and documented 70 new cases of dysglycemia in men and 57 cases in women. The average selenium blood level at the start of the study was 1.08 micromoles per litre in men and 1.1 micromoles per litre for women. Men with the highest selenium levels (1.19-1.97 micromoles per litre) were 50 per cent less likely to develop dysglycemia than men with the lowest average levels. --“The reason we observed a protective effect of selenium in men but not in women is not completely clear, but might be attributed to women being healthier at baseline, having better antioxidant status in general and possible differences in how men and women process selenium,” said Akbaraly.
---The mineral was recently the subject of positive opinions from EFSA’s Panel
on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA), which concluded that
selenium could offer “protection of
DNA, proteins and lipids from oxidative damage,
normal function of the immune system, normal thyroid function and normal
--However, claims linking the mineral and normal cognitive function, normal
prostate function and normal function of the heart and blood vessels, were
dismissed. --Source: Nutrition & Metabolism 18 March 2010, 7:21
“Plasma selenium and risk of dysglycemia in an elderly French population: Results from the prospective Epidemiology of Vascular Ageing Study”
Authors: T.N. Akbaraly, J. Arnaud, M.P. Rayman, I. Hininger-Favier, A-M. Roussel, C. Berr, A. Fontbonne The full study is available here. http://www.nutritionandmetabolism.com/content/pdf/1743-7075-7-21.pdf
Show of the Week April 16 2010
Junk food killing pet cats and dogs
Recipe---Making and antioxidant syrup
Junk food killing pet cats and dogs
PARIS — The junk food and poor eating habits affecting humans is also killing their four-legged pals, say veterinary surgeons and experts. Allergies and obesity are reducing the life expectancy of Lassies and Mittens nourished worldwide on industrial foodstuffs, said Gerard Lippert, a Belgian acupuncturist for animals who has just completed a study on the diets of 600 dead dogs."Pets, like humans, are victims of junk food," he told AFP.Of the 600 furry corpses he examined "those fed on processed foods died three years earlier than those fed on food made in the home." Dogs, he added, "originally were omnivores who shared their food with humans." Rippert said he was increasingly called on to heal skin, motor and digestive problems as acupuncture was an all-embracing method enabling work on practically all organs. "Dry dog food and cat food croquettes are over-heated, which destroys vitamins, trace elements and other basic nutritional elements," he said. "We don't know the origin of the proteins in the foods," he added. "And there's an excessive amount of cereal, often genetically modified, and very little vegetables." "We're turning our dogs and cats into ruminants," he said. Laurence Colliard, a veterinary surgeon and nutritionist located in the Paris suburbs, estimates that only five percent of French pet-owners cook food for their four-legged companions. France is Europe's top pet nation -- with 7.8 million dogs and 10.7 million cats, according to a 2008 study by the Sofres/Facco polling institute. "I'm seeing an increasing number of allergies, diarrhea, vomitting, skin dermatitis as well as cases of obesity, specially amid cats because of the excessively high energy content in industrially-produced cat foods," said Colliard. Pet owners tend to favour processed foods because of the difficulty of preparing nutritionally balanced meals, which in an ideal world should contain some 50 nutrients as well as meat, vegetables, rice and pasta. An animal's age, weight and exercise routine also need to be taken into account. The packs on offer on supermarket shelves also claim as a bonus to reduce nasty urine smells and modify the consistency of animal poop. The pet food industry was born in England where James Spratt produced the world's first dog biscuits in 1860. Some 150 years later, many Internet sites are calling for a return to natural foods for pets. BARF or Biologically Appropriate Raw Food is a type of pet diet that consists of raw meat, bones, and organs," says www.barf.com. "It is the practice of feeding domestic pets their evolutionary diet as a way of maximizing their health and longevity. "Dogs should not eat cooked or processed food,"[U1] it adds. "Instead, your pet should consume foods that are similar to a dog?s wild ancestors. This includes bones, fat, meat, and vegetable materials."
Likewise offers tips for natural home-made meals. It's only in the last 100 years we have we been led to believe that dogs cannot survive without packaged food. We are told it would be harmful if we were to give them the scraps from our own home cooked meals. This is pure poppycock!"
ScienceDaily (Sep. 17, 2008) — Researcher Susanna Rokka of MTT Agrifood Research Finland has shown in her doctoral thesis that antibodies extracted from bovine colostrum as well as lactobacilli extracted from fermented cabbage and other sources prevent the action of pathogenic bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract.---Rokka studied the effects of bovine colostrum, of specific antibodies produced in the bovine colostrum by vaccinating cows, and of lactobacilli on infections in the gastrointestinal tract. The infections studied were gastritis, dental caries and the E. coli infection in calves. Helicobacter pylori, which causes gastritis and gastric ulcer, is also often the cause of stomach cancer.Vaccinating cows with specific pathogens can create antibodies in their blood which are then transferred to the cow’s milk as well. Concentrations are particularly high in colostrum, which is produced by the cow immediately after parturition. ----Colostrum shown to tackle helicobacteria and dental caries --In tests, an immune colostrum preparation could prevent helicobacter infection in mice. The preparation could not cure an existing infection but, combined with an antibiotic, it reduced inflammation and the number of helicobacteria in the gastrointestinal tract more efficiently than an antibiotic alone. Colostrum also promoted the elimination of colibacteria in the bloodstream of calves.---The research also investigated how lactobacilli operate in gastrointestinal infections. It was found that lactobacilli combined with an immune milk preparation effectively prevented Streptococcus mutans, the root cause of dental caries, from adhering to tooth surface, and Helicobacter pylori from adhering to the human gastric cells. Both were found to also relieve inflammation.---The study also revealed that in milk fermented with lactobacilli LGG, antibodies for caries remained functional for a long time.---Doctoral thesis by Susanna Rokka, MSc in Biochemistry: "Bovine colostral antibodies and selected lactobacilli as means to control gastrointestinal infection" will be examined on September 26th 2008 at the University of Turku in Finland. The opponent will be Professor Harsharn Gill from Australia and the custos will be Professor Heikki Kallio from Finland.---Story Source: Adapted from materials provided by MTT Agrifood Research Finland, via AlphaGalileo
ScienceDaily (Apr. 11, 2010) — Gastritis produced by acetyl-salicylic acid (ASA) consumption is a common disorder worldwide. The use of probiotics has been proposed to ameliorate different gastrointestinal tract diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease, diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome, etc. However, little attention has been paid to the use of probiotics in gastric disease. The health-promoting effects ascribed to probiotic strains or fermented foods arise not only from bacteria themselves but also from the metabolites produced during fermentation such as exopolysaccharides (EPS). These polymers have been claimed to modulate the immune response and to display anti-ulcer activities. A research article to be published on April 7, 2010 in the World Journal of Gastroenterology addresses this question.---The research indicate that the milk fermented with S. thermophilus CRL 1190 and/or its EPS was effective in the therapeutic treatment of chronic gastritis by modulating the immune response of the mice and by increasing the thickness of the gastric mucus gel layer. The fermented milk showed a similar protective effect to omeprazole. The application of this fermented milk and/or its EPS constitutes a potential natural alternative for the prevention and treatment of ASA-associated gastric damage.--------Story Source: Adapted from materials provided by World Journal of Gastroenterology, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS. ---Journal Reference: --Rodríguez C, Medici M, Mozzi F, Font de Valdez G. Therapeutic effect of Streptococcus thermophilus CRL 1190-fermented milk on chronic gastritis. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2010; 16 (13): 1622 DOI: 10.3748/wjg.v16.i13.1622
URL of this page: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_97463.html (*this news item will not be available after 07/08/2010)----SINGAPORE (Reuters) - Scientists in China have demonstrated how arsenic -- a favorite murder weapon in the Middle Ages -- destroys deadly blood cancer by targeting and killing specific proteins that keep the cancer alive.--"Our study showed how arsenic directly targets these proteins and kills them," lead researcher Zhang Xiaowei at the State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics in Shanghai, China, told Reuters."Unlike chemotherapy, the side effects of arsenic (in treating acute promyelocytic leukemia) are very low. There is no hair loss or suppression of bone marrow (function). We are interested in finding out how arsenic can be used in other cancers," Zhang said by telephone.---Well known for its toxicity, arsenic was regarded in the past as the king among poisons because its symptoms are like those of cholera and can often go undetected.---In China, however, it has long served a dual purpose. Apart from intentional poisoning, it has been used for at least 2,000 years in traditional Chinese medicine.---In 1992, a group of Chinese doctors reported how they used arsenic to treat acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), a blood and bone marrow cancer that has surprisingly high cure rates of over 90 percent in China.---However, the actual workings of arsenic and how it interacts with cancer tissues has never been clear -- until Zhang and his colleagues used modern technology to find out.---In a paper published in the journal Science, Zhang and his team, which includes Health Minister Chen Zhu, described how they used modern equipment and saw how arsenic attacked specific proteins that would otherwise be keeping the cancer alive and well.---"This shows how Western technology can be used to find out about the mysteries of Chinese medicine," Zhang said.---"Although many countries are now using arsenic to treat APL, some countries are resistant to the idea. It depends a lot on whether doctors recommend it and whether patients accept it."---In APL, there is a drop in the production of normal red blood cells and platelets, resulting in anemia and thrombocytopenia. The bone marrow is unable to produce healthy red blood cells. Until the 1970s, APL was 100 percent fatal and there was no effective treatment.---"The clinical result of arsenic in treating APL is well-established. More than 90 percent of APL patients in China have (at least) five years of disease-free survival," Zhang said.---In a separate commentary in Science, Scott Kogan at the University of California San Francisco Cancer Center wrote that proper case selection and combination therapy with arsenic may lead to improved outcomes for treating not only promyelocytic leukemia, but other diseases as well.---"If so, an ancient medicine, revived through careful clinical and biological studies in modern times, will have an even greater impact on human health," wrote Kogan, who was not linked to the Chinese study.
RECIPE—Making and antioxidant syrup---
take green tea or roobois or milk thistle ---or any herb you choose---tumeric---cinnamon—thyme---bay leaf—and add ¼ cup of the herb in a blender----then add ½- ¾ cup of wine---blend for 8 – 10 minutes at high speed –strain into a glass container---then take another ¼ cup of the same herb ( or a different one if you want to mix and match ) then add ¼- ½ cup of honey again blend at high speed for 8-10 minutes ( you may want to pour into the honey 1-2 ounces of the extract you just made to get the honey going for fusing the herbs) after you fuse the herbs in the honey add the extract to it and again at high speed blend for 5 minutes til they are blended and fused---strain again ---you have made a Antioxidant syrup which can now be poured over a ice cream ( home made with real butter and real coconut oils and real cream ) on a fruit mix—in a tea or coffee as a sweetener and a nutrient additive
[U1]In my years of dealing with peoples pets I suggest cooking there foods due to the parasitical issue and safety concerns of our own food production---what I think the article is referring to here is the processed factory foods which are cooked at such high heats that there is nothing left substantially to the foods and with the GMO grains and other Byproducts that are found in animal feed ( intestines—fur---fecal matter---lab experimented animals—animal waste during food production with chemicals---it would be in my thinking better to give them what is cleaner and safer
Show of the week April 19 2010
Ministry of Health in NZ changing the Regs
Weatherman’s comments on what they are dumping from Oregon
Public being warned against some dry soup mixes over salmonella alert
Ministry of Health in NZ changing the Regs
Most of you
have undoubtedly heard that a consultation document to regulate natural products
was recently released on the
Website in response to the Natural Products industry and consumer call for a
stand alone New Zealand regulatory model for Natural Products, rather than an
Australian takeover of our current regulatory body, Medsafe.---We were expecting
the discussion document to be based upon the proposed Natural and Traditional
Health Products Bill that was prepared in full consultation with Maoridom,
Consumers, the NZ Health Trust, and the Natural Health Products Industry over a
two year period.---nfortunately the
Consultation Document is diametrically opposed to most of the principals
outlined in the proposed Bill and has aptly been labeled the ‘TGA in drag’. It
is nothing short of a bureaucratic hood wink.
The bureaucrats appear to have re-instated all of the unacceptable aspects of the TGA and Trans Tasman models that Health Freedom were successful in rejecting, including:
1. The White List (Napoleonic Law – every natural ingredient to become illegal without a permit).
2. The power to make up the rules as they go along.
3. Anything in therapeutic dose be classed as a medicine and therefore regulated as a drug.
4. Excessive compliance costs that would put most small businesses under, push up the price of natural products, and see the loss of thousands of jobs and products in the industry.
5. Over the top fines that don’t make sense unless you want to send numerous small businesses to the wall.
6. Extremely limited claims. The ability to say “may support” will go, replaced by a few extremely low level claims acceptable to the drug industry this proposal seeks to protect.
Here are the details of the document and submission schedule.
The MoH is inviting submissions with a short deadline which is 17th May 2010. You may wish to write to them for an extension. Since the full time employed bureaucrats had 18 months to deliberate and come up with this document, it is only fair we the public get at least 90 days.
Weatherman’s comments on what they are dumping from Oregon
From about 1:13 to 1:40 he describes “bands of very distinct cloud cover moving into the region,” talks about military planes dumping “chaff,” which he describes as bits of aluminum, “tiny pieces of plastic or even metallicized paper products,” etc. then goes on to say that “it is used as an anti-radar issue and obviously they’re practicing.”–“Now they won’t confirm that, but I was in the Marine Corps for many years, and I can tell you here right now, that’s what it is.”
Public being warned against some dry soup mixes over salmonella alert
By The Canadian Press---OTTAWA – The Canadian Food Inspection Agency is warning the public not to consume a couple of brands of dry soup mix because of possible salmonella contamination. The agency says some brands of Inovacure chicken soup mix, Proti diet chicken soup mix and None Chicken Noodle Soup Mix contain dry powder and paste hydrolyzed vegetable protein ( SOY or potentially corn or wheat ---chances are they are GMO or GE and since they are not labeled should not be eaten anyway regardless of the warning of a salmonella contamination) ingredients. ---Those ingredients have been recalled in the U.S. and Canada by Basic Food Flavors Inc. due to Salmonella contamination. The food inspection agency says the products may have been distributed nationally, but no illnesses have been reported in Canada in connection with the products.
The specific products are: --Brand Product Size UPC Code
At a rally held the preceding evening, farmers voiced their grievances and opposition to the excessive control that ‘Big Ag’ has gained . “The crops that we grow are the basis of our civilization from when it started; so if anything belongs in the public domain, if anything belongs to the people of the world, it’s the crops we grow for food,” said one farmer to general applause. “In 2000 Monsanto Corporation tried to patent wheat; and after a five-year-long battle, we stopped them.” He pointed out that Monsanto claims to own corn, soybean, canola [oilseed rape] and cotton, yet “these crops go back as far as wheat. They are the basis of civilization. How can they claim to own them?” Monsanto did this from a legal standpoint through a patent office, he continued. “That’s not right. We’ve got to turn that back.---A dairy farmer from Wisconsin said: “Monsanto does not have the right to dictate the value of my life, my work, and the food I produce.” (Applause) ---One farmer came all the way from Arkansas to warn the Iowans against ‘Big Ag’, only to find that the problem is already universal. Another from a family of farmers extending back to his great-great-grandfather declared: “the corporation has no conscience and is singularly driven for profit.” Paraphrasing President Abraham Lincoln’s famous Gettysburg Address, he added that the government agencies have a responsibility to protect democracy and prevent “government of the corporation, by the corporation, and for the corporation.”---Also present at the rally was the Senior Scientist of Pesticide Action Network, Dr Marcia Ishii-Eiteman. She had been a member of the Steering Committee for the International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development (IAASTD), a major and comprehensive report released in April 2008 by about 400 scientists and other experts from some 60 countries [13, 14] (“GM-Free Organic Agriculture to Feed the World”, SiS 38). The report arose from concern that modern advances in agricultural science and technology, with their increased productivity, had nevertheless led to unintended and undesirable social and environmental effects. It addresses the policies needed to ensure security of food and livelihoods while maintaining environmental integrity. One of the most important findings is that GE crops are not needed to feed the world, contrary to the claims of the GE industry. GE crops are described in the report as ‘highly contentious’ and as having variable yield, which may be lower than that of conventional varieties. A remarkable feature of the report is the importance attached to traditional knowledge. Contrary to the modern Western trend for huge farms practicing intensive chemical monoculture, small-scale farming according to ecological principles has a major role to play. --- In other words, local farmers have experience and wisdom needed even in this modern, technologically-based world. Above all, corporations driven by self-profit must not be allowed to control farmers and agriculture. The US government must surely be getting the message
Vitamin Combo Recipe---MSM+ Vitamin C
take 5 grams of Vitamin C with 5 grams of MSM 1 gram increments of each 5 times a day---this will impact the liver –lungs---allergies---repairing colon---will assist in restoring and maintaining the bodies immune system—will assist in hair restoration—inhibits the (undesirable) Cross-Linking of the body’s Collagen-- neutralized toxins, viruses and histamine
Supplement Your Stem Cells-----
ScienceDaily (Apr. 7, 2010) — A nutritional supplement could stimulate the production of stem cells integral for repairing the body. Research published in BioMed Central's open access Journal of Translational Medicine suggests that a commercially-available supplement can increase the blood circulation of hematopoietic stem cells, which can give rise to all blood cells, and endothelial progenitor cells, which repair damage to blood vessels.---Thomas E. Ichim from Medistem Incorporated, USA worked with a team of 13 researchers from industry and academia to further investigate whether this supplement, containing a cocktail of green tea, astralagus, goji berry extracts, 'good' bacteria Lactobacillus fermentum, antioxidant ellagic acid, immune enhancer beta 1,3 glucan and vitamin D3, was able to increase the number of stem cells circulating in the blood. They recruited 18 healthy adults aged between 20 and 72 who stopped any other dietary supplements 4-5 days before starting a two-week course of this supplement, taking it twice daily. The researchers took blood from the participants before they started the course and on days 1, 2, 7 and 14 to test for signs of stem cell activity by looking for cells expressing the genetic stem cell markers CD133, CD34 and KDR. They then confirmed whether taking the supplement changed the overall levels of hematopoietic stem cells and endothelial progenitor cells in the blood by using HALO (Hematopoietic Assay via Luminescent Output) and colony forming assays respectively.---Hematopoietic stem cells and endothelial progenitor cells increased after taking the nutritional supplement, suggesting that the supplement may be a useful stimulator for both types of stem cells. In this study, the levels of these stem cells peaked at 2-7 days and started to drop at 14 days, suggesting that this supplement could be used for continuous treatment for conditions associated with decreases in these stem cells such as Alzheimer's Disease. Other therapeutic treatments used to recruit hematopoietic stem cells are not viable as long-term solutions due to costs and increased health risks caused by the extremely high levels of stem cells that these treatments maintain in the blood.---"To our knowledge, this is the first study demonstrating profound mobilization effect with possible clinical significance by a food supplement-based approach," say the authors, adding, "Indeed it may be possible that our supplement could be beneficial in conditions associated with reduced progenitor cells such as diabetes or in smokers which possess lower baseline values as compared to controls." Although they are quick to add, "However, given commercial pressures associated with this largely unregulated field, we propose detailed scientific investigations must be made before disease-associated claims are made by the scientific community." --Story Source:--Adapted from materials provided by BioMed Central, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS.--Journal Reference: --Nina A Mikirova, James A Jackson, Ron Hunninghake, Julian Kenyon, Kyle WH Chan, Cathy A Swindlehurst, Boris Minev, Amit N Patel, Michael P Murphy, Leonard Smith, Famela Ramos, Doru T Alexandrescu, Thomas E Ichim and Neil H Riordan. Nutraceutical augmentation of circulating endothelial progenitor cells and hematopoietic stem cells in human subjects. Journal of Translational Medicine, (in press) [link]
Recipe to make this---you will need ganoderma mushroom ( reishi ) or even a maitake ) you will need a good Chinese green tea ( gun powder this is the one where the Chinese harvest this tea and roll it in tiny pellets where it contains a higher amount of the antioxidant property ) ---Blueberry or Blackberry---Kefir or a Yogurt ( Plain and with fat ---if it says fat free or sugar free do not buy it!!)---now what you can do is blend 1 tsp of gun powder green tea with either berry(s) add your reishi or maitake mushroom to this 1-3 capsules or if you have the actual mushroom maybe 1 oz---blend together til smooth and fused—then allow to strain through a jelly bag or hanky---save the fluids and use them as a beverage---the yochee now has all of the ingredients in it and as well fermented these properties in the yogurt allowing for better repair and utilization---if you wish to add vitamin D 3 do so til spring and summer ( at this point back off all Vitamin D supplements and enjoy the sun ) this should be consumed 2 times a day 1-3 tablespoons ---should see s huge improvement in a 10-21 day time frame
Show of the Week April 23 2010
Microwaved Water - See What It Does To Plants
The Looming New FREE TRADE AGREEMENT
Subbing 'bad' carbs for 'bad' fats ups heart risk
Lack of Omega-6 Fatty Acid Linked to Severe Dermatitis
Recipe-- Peanut Butter with Coconut and Nutmeg
Water - See What It Does To Plants
Below is a science fair project. In it she took filtered water and divided it into two parts. The first part she heated to boiling in a pan on the stove, and the second part she heated to boiling in a microwave. Then after cooling she used the water to water two identical plants to see if there would be any difference in the growth between the normal boiled water and the water boiled in a microwave. She was thinking that the structure or energy of the water may be compromised by microwave. As it turned out, even she was amazed at the difference. I have known for years that the problem with microwaved anything is not the radiation people used to worry about, It's how it corrupts the DNA in the food so the body can not recognize it. So the body wraps it in fat cells to protect itself from the dead food or it eliminates it fast. Think of all the Mothers heating up milk in these "Safe" appliances. What about the nurse in Canada that warmed up blood for a transfusion patient and accidentally killed them when the blood went in dead. But the makers say it's safe. Never mind then, keep using them. Ask your Doctor I am sure they will say it's safe too. Proof is in the pictures of living plants dying. Remember You are also Living. Take Care.
FORENSIC RESEARCH DOCUMENT
Prepared By: William P. Kopp
A. R. E. C.. Research Operations
RELEASE PRIORITY: CLASS I ROO1a
ITen Reasons to Throw out your Microwave Oven
From the conclusions of the Swiss, Russian and German scientific clinical studies, we can no longer ignore the microwave oven sitting in our kitchens. Based on this research, we will conclude this article with the following:
1). Continually eating food processed from a microwave oven causes long term - permanent - brain damage by "shorting out" electrical impulses in the brain [de-polarizing or de-magnetizing the brain tissue].
2). The human body cannot metabolize [break down] the unknown by-products created in microwaved food..
3). Male and female hormone production is shut down and/or altered by continually eating microwaved foods.
4). The effects of microwaved food by-products are residual [long term, permanent] within the human body.
5). Minerals, vitamins, and nutrients of all microwaved food is reduced or altered so that the human body gets little or no benefit, or the human body absorbs altered compounds that cannot be broken down.
6). The minerals in vegetables are altered into cancerous free radicals when cooked in microwave ovens.
7). Microwaved foods cause stomach and intestinal cancerous growths [tumors]. This may explain the rapidly increased rate of colon cancer in America ..
8). The prolonged eating of microwaved foods causes cancerous cells to increase in human blood.
9). Continual ingestion of microwaved food causes immune system deficiencies through lymph gland and blood serum alterations.
10). Eating microwaved food causes loss of memory, concentration, emotional instability, and a decrease of intelligence.
After you throw out your microwave you can use a toaster oven as a replacement. It works well for most and is nearly as quick. The use of artificial microwave transmissions for subliminal psychological control, a.k.a. "brainwashing" , has also been proven. We're attempting to obtain copies of the 1970's Russian research documents and results written by Drs. Luria and Perov specifying their clinical experiments in this area. Hari AUM
The Looming New FREE TRADE AGREEMENT
- negotiated behind closed
doors - that moves Canada one step closer to being governed under the statutes
of Global Governance - under Corporate and Mercantile dictates, negotiated and
policed by secret Trade Tribunals. Goodbye Sovereignty! Citizens are being
totally left out of this equation. They aren?t even being told that they are
It is all about Corporate control over every aspect of commerce and
civic life ? everything to be controlled ?by and for? an entrenched and
filthy-rich Global Crime Syndicate?.
Forwarded message:[cban e-News] Event Tour: April 17-21 Halifax, Ottawa, Montreal, Toronto - Trade justice and food sovereignty
Come out to hear Gerard Choplin from Via Campesina Europe talk about farming, GMOs and trade - 4 events starting Saturday... the Canada-Europe Free Trade Agreement negotiations next week in Ottawa form an attack on Canadian and European farmers and the right to save seed! -Event Tour Notice: April 17 -21 Halifax, Ottawa, Montreal, Toronto --Halifax, Saturday, April 17 - International Day of Peasant Struggle in support of Via Campesina and Food Sovereignty
11:00am- March starting at the Farmer's Market (Lower Water St) Bring instruments, banners, placards, friends and family!
12:00pm- Celebration on the North Commons Food, Speakers, information, entertainment, drum circle, puppets, face painting, guerrilla gardening & goats!
Speakers include: Gerard Choplin - Via Campesina European Coordination, Members of the National Farmers Union, Local Food Activists
For more info: email@example.com
Endorsed by: Canadian Biotechnology Action Network, National Farmers Union, Via Campesina, Oxfam, CAF, KAFKA, FAC, ACORN, Food Not Bombs. NSPIRG, The Grainery
Le message fran?ais suit
Trade Justice Now!
European voices against a Canada-Europe free trade agreement<?/bigger><?/bigger><?/bigger>
Ottawa - Monday, April 19, 7:00-9:00 pm
Saint Paul?s University Amphitheatre, 223 Main Street, Ottawa (Traduction simultan?e sera fournie sur place)
Montr?al - Le mardi 20 avril ? 19 h
Pavillon Athanase-David de l?UQAM, local D-R200
1430, rue Saint-Denis, (angle Maisonneuve, m?tro Berri-UQAM)
Toronto - Wednesday, April 21, 7:00-9:00 pm
International Student Centre (Pendarvis Room), University of Toronto, 33 St. George Street (just north of College)
Food sovereignty, public services, climate justice?
All are under threat from a new free trade agreement between Canada and the European Union. Haven?t heard of it? That’s because even though negotiations are halfway finished, the public is being kept in the dark. Join us to hear three prominent European social justice activists speak about Europe’s international trade agenda and raise questions about a free trade and investment agreement with Canada.
G?rard Choplin, Via Campesina European Coordination, Belgium
Rolv Hanssen, Public Services International, Norway
Fr?d?ric Viale, Attac-France, author of L?horreur europ?enne, France
This is the biggest, most intrusive free trade agreement Canada has ever considered.
It could be nastier than NAFTA or the WTO.
Negotiators are in Ottawa April 19 to 23 for what has been called the most important round of the free trade talks.
They’re finalizing new rules that could affect culture, public services, environmental protection, economic development,water, health care, broadcasting policy, farmers and much more.------Presented by the Trade Justice Network. The Trade Justice Network is comprised of a number of environmental and civil society organizations as well as trade unions that have come together to challenge the scope and process of the Canada European Union free trade negotiations, and to highlight the need for a more sustainable, equitable and socially just international trade regime.
For more information:
Lucy Sharratt, Coordinator
Canadian Biotechnology Action Network (CBAN)
Collaborative Campaigning for Food Sovereignty and Environmental Justice
431 Gilmour Street, Second Floor
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K2P 0R5
Phone: 613 241 2267 ext.6
Fax: 613 241 2506
Subbing 'bad' carbs for 'bad' fats ups heart risk
NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - People who cut out saturated fatty acids while upping their intake of white bread, pasta and other refined carbohydrates that can cause blood sugar to spike aren't doing their heart any favors, new research from Denmark shows.--But reducing saturated fatty acid intake while eating more whole grain bread, vegetables (aside from potatoes), and other carbohydrates with a less dramatic effect on blood sugar may improve heart health, Dr. Marianne U. Jakobsen of Aarhus University Hospital and her colleagues found. "The type of carbohydrate matters," Jakobsen told Reuters Health.---A recent analysis of 21 studies including 350,000 people found "no significant evidence" that saturated fat in and of itself increased heart disease risk, but the authors of that analysis suggested that what people replaced those saturated fat calories with might be more important. A subsequent study found that this was indeed the case; people who upped their polyunsaturated fatty acid intake while cutting saturated fat showed improved heart health.--In the current study, Jakobsen and her team looked at the carbohydrate side of the equation. Specifically, they accounted for the "glycemic index" of different types of carbohydrates.--Glycemic index is a measure of how quickly blood sugar jumps after eating a particular type of carbohydrate. Low glycemic index foods tend to be high in fiber and less refined, such as foods made from whole grains; high glycemic foods are often lower in fiber and more highly refined, and include white bread, pasta made from white flour, and bananas.---To investigate how increasing carb intake while reducing saturated fatty acid intake affected the heart, the researchers looked at 53,644 men and women who had never suffered heart attacks. During follow-up, which averaged about 12 years, nearly 2,000 heart attacks were documented.---Jakobsen and her team divided the study participants into three groups based on the average glycemic index of the carbohydrates in their diet, and then calculated heart attack risk based on the composition of their diet.--They found that heart attack risk fell by 12 percent for every additional 5 percent of a person's total calorie intake that came from carbohydrates -- if a person's average dietary glycemic index was low. However, this reduction wasn't statistically significant, meaning it could have been due to chance.---But among the people with the highest average dietary glycemic index, every 5 percent increase in carbohydrate calories upped heart attack risk by 33 percent. For people whose average glycemic index fell in the middle, an increase in carb intake along with a reduction in saturated fatty acid intake had no effect on heart risk.---"We cannot say that saturated fatty acids are not associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease because it depends on what you compare," Jakobsen told Reuters Health.---Unfortunately, she added, figuring out the glycemic index of a particular food is not straightforward. "It's a scientific way of classifying foods, so it's not really public-health-friendly," she said.--Nevertheless, the researcher added, people can likely decrease their glycemic index by eating "less refined foods."----SOURCE: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, April 7, 2010.
ScienceDaily (Apr. 14, 2010) — University of Illinois scientists have learned that a specific omega-6 fatty acid may be critical to maintaining skin health.--"In experiments with mice, we knocked out a gene responsible for an enzyme that helps the body to make arachidonic acid. Without arachidonic acid, the mice developed severe ulcerative dermatitis. The animals were very itchy, they scratched themselves continuously, and they developed a lot of bleeding sores," said Manabu Nakamura, a U of I associate professor of food science and human nutrition.---When arachidonic acid was added to the animals' diet, the itching went away, he said.---Nakamura's team has been focusing on understanding the function of omega-3 and -6 fatty acids, and doctoral student Chad Stroud developed a mouse model to help them understand the physiological roles of these fats. By knocking out genes, they can create deficiencies of certain fats and learn about their functions.---"Knocking out a gene that enables the body to make the delta-6-desaturase enzyme has led to some surprising discoveries. In this instance, we learned that arachidonic acid is essential for healthy skin function. This new understanding may have implications for treating the flaky, itchy skin that sometimes develops without an attributable cause in infants," he said.---Nakamura explained that our bodies make arachidonic acid from linoleic acid, an essential fatty acid that we must obtain through our diets. It is found mainly in vegetable oils.----Scientists have long attributed healthy skin function to linoleic acid, which is important because it provides the lipids that coat the outer layer of the skin, keeping the body from losing water and energy, which would retard growth, the scientist said.---But skin function seems to be more complicated than that. These itchy mice had plenty of linoleic acid. They just couldn't convert it to arachidonic acid because the gene to make the necessary enzyme had been knocked out, he noted.---Arachidonic acid is also essential to the production of prostaglandins, compounds that can lead to inflammatory reactions and are important to immune function. Common painkillers like aspirin and ibuprofen work by inhibiting the conversion of arachidonic acid to prostaglandins.---"We usually think of inflammation as a bad thing, but in this case, prostaglandins prevented dermatitis, which is an inflammatory reaction. We measured prostaglandin levels in the animals' skin, and when we fed arachidonic acid to the knockout mice, they resumed making these important chemical compounds," he said.---Nakamura cautioned that there are still things they don't understand about the function of this omega-6 fatty acid. "This new knowledge is a starting point in understanding the mechanisms that are involved, and we need to do more research at the cellular level."---The study was published in a recent issue of the Journal of Lipid Research. Co-authors are Chad K. Stroud, Takayuki Y. Nara, Manuel Roqueta-Rivera, Emily C. Radlowski, Byung H. Cho, Mariangela Segre, Rex A. Hess, and Wanda M. Haschek, all of the U of I, and Peter Lawrence, Ying Zhang, and J. Thomas Brenna of Cornell University. Funding was provided in part by a USDA National Needs Fellowship Award and a grant from the National Institutes of Health. Story Source: Adapted from materials provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS.-Journal Reference: Stroud et al. Disruption of FADS2 gene in mice impairs male reproduction and causes dermal and intestinal ulceration. The Journal of Lipid Research, 2009; 50 (9): 1870 DOI: 10.1194/jlr.M900039-JLR200
Recipe For Peanut Butter---
make peanut butter---take some peanuts ½ cup---vitamin C ( 1-2 tsp ) coconut cream 2 tablespoons—1-2 0oz of coconut oil ( you can use sesame seed –olive—sunflower—or any oil you prefer) 1/ 2 tsp of Nutmeg, 1 tsp of salt –add the cream and the oil in the blender and vitamin C-nutmeg and salt- and place lid on the blender and proceed at lowest speed possible---pop open the insert to the lid so you can drop the nuts inside---and allow to blend---as you see the nuts break down and liquefy add more of the nuts to this---keep adding and increase the speed slightly up to 2 settings higher, if you see the blender bog a bit then slow it down again to it’s slowest til you see it puree the nuts---and once this begins again add more---this will in fact get to almost a quarter up the blender---this will eventually cream---when this is done then pour into a glass Container—and allow to cool---this is going to give you something called - Arachidonic Acid—this is known to be the cause of some inflammation ---but it is necessary for the diet because with out it your skin falls apart---In earlier times Edgar Cayce would suggest in some of his reading to apply peanut oil topically to assist with skin and arthritic issues, and had great success ---now I understand why—this causes the signaling pathways of your cells to respond and regulate healthy skin by converting to omega 6---The other element here is for brain development and maintenance---if you mix the above with nutmeg and a dha source ( microalgae—walnut---chia seed oil---flax ( fresh pressed you do at home) can increase the effect and by taking a Choline supplement ( Choline bitrate, CDP coline, Alpha GPC Choline--) you may find brain acuity improve
Arachidonic acid is necessary for the repair and growth of skeletal muscle tissue. One of the lead researchers of the Baylor study on arachidonic acid, Mike Roberts MS, CSCS, has authored an article published under the title Arachidonic Acid, The New Mass Builder explaining the role of this nutrient in muscle anabolism, and its potential for the enhancement of muscle size and strength. ---Roberts claims that for optimal muscle growth a training stimulus must elicit localized inflammation and soreness. He also shows that arachidonic acid (AA, 20:4n-6) is an essential Omega-6 (1-6) polyunsaturated fatty acid that is abundant in skeletal muscle membrane phospholipids (figure 2). It is also the body's principle building block for the production of prostaglandins, which are known to have various physiological roles including a close involvement in inflammation. Also, the prostaglandin isomer PGF2a has a potent ability to stimulate muscle growth. As such, Roberts says that arachidonic acid is a regulator of localized muscle inflammation, and he claims that it may be a central nutrient controlling the intensity of the anabolic/tissue-rebuilding response to weight training.
Arachidonic acid is one of the most abundant fatty acids in the brain, and is present in similar quantities to DHA (docosahexaenoic acid). The two account for approximately 20% of its fatty acid content. Like DHA, neurological health is reliant upon sufficient levels of arachidonic acid. Among other things, arachidonic acid helps to maintain hippocampal cell membrane fluidity. It also helps protect the brain from oxidative stress by activating perioxisomal proliferator-activated receptor-y. ARA also activates syntaxin-3 (STX-3), a protein involved in the growth and repair of neurons.---Arachidonic acid is also involved in early neurological development. In one study funded by the U.S. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, infants (18 months) given supplemental arachidonic acid for 17 weeks demonstrated significant improvements in intelligence, as measured by the Mental Development Index (MDI). This effect is further enhanced by the simultaneous supplementation of ARA with DHA. ---In adults, the disturbed metabolism of ARA may be associated with neurological disorders such as Alzheimer’s Disease and Bipolar Disorder. This may involve the increased consumption of ARA at the cellular level, and significant alterations in its conversion to other bioactive molecules (overexpression or disturbances in the ARA enzyme cascade). The increased consumption of dietary arachidonic acid is not believed to cause these neurological disorders. In the Journal of Lipid Research, an American Society for Biochemical and Molecular Biology journal, a study dated 2005-05-25 used the Flinders Sensitive Line rats to investigate the link between omega-3 fatty acids and depression. An examination of the brains of depressed rats compared them with brains from normal rats. Surprisingly, they found that the main difference between the two types of rats was in omega-6 fatty acid levels and not omega-3 fatty acid levels. Specifically, they discovered that brains with depression had higher concentrations of arachidonic acid, a long-chain unsaturated metabolite of omega-6 fatty acid. The findings suggest that it is not a lack of omega-3 fatty acids but a higher increase of arachidonic that is implicated in depression.
Arachidonic acid is marketed as an anabolic bodybuilding supplement in a variety of products. The first clinical study concerning the use of arachidonic acid as a sport supplement was conducted at Baylor University and published in the Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.--The performance data results from the paper include the following statistically significant improvement, and statistically strong trends: A significant group × time interaction for relative Wingate peak power was observed among groups (P = 0.02) with gains in peak power being significantly greater in the AA group (0.3 ± 1.2 W·kg-1) vs. PLA (0.2 ± 0.7 W·kg-1, Figure 1). Using repeated measures ANOVA with delta scores, AA experienced significantly greater increases in comparison to the PLA group at day 50 (P < 0.05). Statistical trends were seen in Wingate total work (AA: 1,292 ± 1,206 vs. PLA: 510 ± 1,249 J, P = 0.09, ηp 2 = 0.052), favoring the AA group.--WIth regard to inflammation, the paper reported a statistiically significant reduction in resting IL-6 levels (a central regulator of inflammation):---IL-6 levels experienced a significant group × time interaction (P = 0.04) among groups with subsequent post-hoc analyses revealing that IL-6 was significantly lower at day 25 of the study. One way ANOVA of IL-6 delta values at day 25 revealed significantly greater increases in PLA when compared to AA group (AA: 0.8 ± 13.5 pg·ml-1 vs. PLA: 52.5 ± 1.6 pg·ml-1, P = 0.01; Figure 2)--Arachidonic acid was shown to improve peak muscle power, reduce resting IL-6 levels, and produce statistically strong trends of improvements in muscle endurance, average power, and bench press 1-rep maximum lift. This study provides preliminary evidence supporting the use of arachidonic acid in sports nutrition. Further research is needed.
Under normal metabolic conditions, the increased consumption of arachidonic acid is unlikely to increase inflammation. ARA is metabolized to both pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory molecules. Studies giving between 840 mg and 2,000 mg per day to healthy individuals for up to 50 days have shown no increases in inflammation or related metabolic activities. Increased arachidonic acid levels are actually associated with reduced pro-inflammatory IL-6 and IL-1 levels, and increased anti-inflammatory tumor-necrosis factor-beta. This may reduce inflammation under certain conditions.----Arachidonic acid does still play a central role in inflammation related to many diseased states. How it is metabolized in the body dictates its inflammatory or anti-inflammatory activity. Individuals suffering from joint pains or active inflammatory disease may find that increased arachidonic acid consumption exacerbates symptoms, probably because it is being more readily converted to inflammatory compounds. Likewise, high arachidonic acid consumption is not advised for individuals with a history of inflammatory disease, or that are in compromised health. It is also of note that while ARA supplementation does not appear to have pro-inflammatory effects in healthy individuals, it may counter the anti-inflammatory effects of omega-3 EFA supplementation.
Arachidonic acid supplementation in daily dosages of 1,000-1,500 mg for 50 days has been well tolerated during several clinical studies, with no significant side effects reported. All common markers of health including kidney and liver function, serum lipids, immunity, and platelet aggregation appear to be unaffected with this level and duration of use. Furthermore, higher concentrations of ARA in muscle tissue may be correlated with improved insulin sensitivity. Arachidonic acid supplementation by healthy adults appears to offer no toxicity or significant safety risk. The safety of arachidonic acid supplementation in patients suffering from inflammatory or other diseased states is unknown, and is not recommended.
(Nigella sativa L.) ++ The prophet Muhammad reportedly recommended black cumin as a “cure-all” to his associates in Arabia 1400 years ago. It remains one of the most famous medicinal herbs in the Muslim world.
Activities (Black Cumin) — Abortifacient (f; BIB; DEP; KAP); Amebicide (1; MPI); Analgesic (1; HAD); Anesthetic (1; HAD); Antiamphetamine (f; MPI); Antibacterial (1; ABS; HAD; HHB; WOI); Antibilious (f; BIB; EFS); Anticancer (1; ABS); Antidote, Hg ( Mercury) (f; SKJ); Antihistaminic (1; HAD; HHB; WOI); Antioxidant (1; HAD); Antioxytocic (1; ABS); Antiseptic (1; ABS; WOI); Antispasmodic (1; HAD; HHB; WOI); Antiviral (1; HAD); Aperitif (f; BIB; HAD); Bronchodilator (1; HAD); Candidicide (1; ABS); Cardiodepressant (1; MPI); Carminative (1; HHB; MAD; SKJ; SUW; WOI); Chemopreventive (1; ABS); Choleretic (1; HHB); Cholicomimetic (1; MPI); CNS-Depressant (1; MPI); Contraceptive (f; HAD); Cyclooxygenase-Inhibitor (1; ABS); Digestive (f; BIB); Diaphoretic (f; BIB); Digestive (f; DEP); Diuretic (f; BIB; EFS; HHB; MAD; SUW; WOI); Emmenagogue (f; BIB; EFS; MAD; SUW; WOI); Fungicide (1; ABS; MPI); Hepatoprotective (1; HAD); Hypotensive (1; ABS; MPI); Hypouricemic (1;
HHB); Immunostimulant (1; HAD); Insecticide (1; MPI); Insectifuge (1; WOI); Lactagogue (1; BIB; DEP; EFS; HAD; HHB; MAD; SUW; WOI); Laxative (f; BIB; EFS); 5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor (1; ABS); Pediculicide (f; DEP); Phagocytotic (1; HAD); Protisticide (1; MPI); Respirastimulant (1; ABS; HAD); Secretagogue (f; DEP); Stimulant (f; EFS); Stomachic (f; DEP; EFS); Taenicide (1; MPI); Tonic (f; EFS); Toxic (1; HHB); Uterocontractant (f; KAP); Vermifuge (f; BIB; HAD; KAP; MAD). Indications (Black Cumin) — Achylia (f; MAD); Allergy (f; HAD); Ameba (1; MPI); Amenorrhea (f; KAP); Anorexia (1; BIB; HAD); Arthrosis (1; HAD); Ascites (f; BIB); Asthma (1; HAD; HHB; MAD; SKJ; WOI); Bacteria (1; ABS; HAD; HHB; WOI); Biliousness (f; KAP); Bite (f; HAD); Bronchosis (1; HAD; HHB; WOI); Bronchospasm (1; WOI); Cachexia (f; SKJ); Callus (f; BIB; JLH); Cancer (1; ABS; BIB; HAD); Cancer, abdomen (1; FNF; JLH); Cancer, colon (1; FNF; JLH); Cancer, eye (1; FNF; JLH); Cancer, liver (1; FNF; JLH); Cancer, nose (1; FNF; JLH); Cancer, uterus (1; FNF; JLH); Candida (1; ABS); Catarrh (f; DEP; HHB); Childbirth (f; SUW); Cholera (1; MPI); Cold (f; DEP); Colic (f; BIB); Constipation (f; SKJ); Corn (f; BIB; JLH); Cough (1; SKJ; WOI); Cramp (1; HAD; HHB; MAD; WOI); Dermatosis (f; HAD; SUW; WOI); Diabetes (1; HAD); Diarrhea (f; MAD); Dysentery (f; HHB; SKJ); Dysmenorrhea (f; DEP; KAP); Dyspepsia (f; BIB); Eczema (f; DEP); Emaciation (f; SKJ); Enterosis (f; BIB; MAD); Eruption (f; BIB); Escherichia (1; KAP; MPI); Fever (1; BIB; MAD; SUW; WOI); Flu (f; BIB); Fungus (1; ABS; HAD; MPI); Gas (1; HHB; MAD; SKJ; SUW; WOI); Gout (1; HHB); Headache (f; BIB); Hemorrhoid (f; BIB); Hepatosis (f; BIB; JLH; MAD); High Blood Pressure (1; ABS; MPI); High Cholesterol (1; HAD); HIV (1; HAD); Hydrophobia (f; BIB); Immunodepression (1; HAD); Induration (f; JLH; MAD); Infection (1; ABS; HAD; MPI); Inflammation (1; HAD); Jaundice (f; BIB; HHB; MAD); Leprosy (f; SKJ); Leukorrhea (f; MAD); Lice (f; DEP); Malaria (f; KAP); Mycosis (1; ABS; MPI); Myrmecia (f; BIB); Nephrosis (f; HAD); Ophthalmia (f; HAD); Orchosis (f; BIB); Pain (1; HAD); Paralysis (f; BIB); Parasite (1; HAD); PMS (1; HAD); Proctosis (f; SKJ); Prolapse (f; SKJ); Ptyriasis (f; DEP); Puerperium (1; WOI); Pulmonosis (f; HAD; HHB; MAD); Rhinosis (f; BIB); Salmonella (1; HAD); Sclerosis (f; BIB); Smallpox (f; SKJ); Snakebite (f; BIB); Sniffles (f; MAD); Splenosis (f; MAD); Staphylococcus (1; HAD; MPI); Sting (f; HAD; SUW); Stomachache (f; BIB; MAD); Stomatosis (f; HAD); Swelling (f; BIB); Syphilis (f; SKJ); Tapeworm (1; MPI); Toothache (f; MAD); Tumor (f; BIB; HAD); Vibrio (1; MPI); Virus (1; HAD); Water Retention (f; BIB; EFS; HHB; MAD; SUW; WOI); Worm (f; BIB; HAD; KAP; MAD); Wound (f; HAD); Yeast (1; ABS; HAD). --Dosages (Black Cumin) — 0.6–1.2 g seed (HHB; MAD); 1 tsp seed in hot tea (MAD). --Extracts (Black Cumin) — Nigellone protects guinea pigs from histamine-induced bronchospasms (WOI). LD50 alcoholic extract 540–580 mg/kg ipr mouse (MPI).
Shows of the week April 26 2010
Protocols for Reducing and Regenerating Colon health—Reduction in Body Mass
Remarkable Effects of Fat Loss on the Immune System
Protocols for Reducing and Regenerating Colon health—Reduction in Body Mass
There are things needed to be applied In the area of reduction—and with reduction of body mass, there will be a reduction to the amount of poisons, toxins, build up and inflammation—So when applying these protocols do them at least once a month at any time of the month and watch unwanted health conditions disappear—and a new vigor come back.
Here is the NO list: NO : Bread(s) or any Facsimile of bread( crackers donuts, tacos, pita, breads ) – Pasta –Rice –Corn – Cereal ( not even oatmeal during this time )—No Stores bought Juices,-No Pop ( Soda for the easterners ) No Milk or Dairy Products that are Sugar or Fat Free—No Sugar (Brown or White or Pasteurized Honey ) NO MICROWAVE ( not to be used any time—totally Damages the Body from cellular level to tissues and DNA damaging ) Canola Oil – Vegetable Oil – Soybean oil ( or any Soy whatsoever or any Derivatives – TVP –HVP – AVP –HPP – MSG –Disodium Guanylate – Disodium Inosinate-Bananas – Grapes – Raisons – Watermelon—
Here is the YES List: Yes to -Meat – Poultry –Fish –Lamb – Eggs – Yogurt ( Plain and with Fat ) Kefir ( plain and with Fat ) Whey Protein – Gelatin Broths ( Plain or Vanilla Without Artificial Sweetners –Aspartame—Splenda – Aceslfame Potassium ) Cottage Cheese ( unless you have a yeast or fungal infection ) Cream – Olive oil – Butter - Ghee – Almond Oil – Pumpkin Seed Oil – Macadamian Nut Oil – Apricot oil – Sesame Seed Oil – Coconut Oil- Palm Oil – Animal Fat ( try to make sure the animals are GRASS FED not GRAIN FED---the fat then will be beneficial if the fat is from a grass Fed Animal ) Fruit with Fibre ( Apple, Peaches, Plums, Pears, Apricot, Nectarines etc PEEL BEFORE CONSUMING TO MINIMIZE PESTICIDE OR WAXES even if organic)Citrus Fruits – Oranges – Lemons – Pommelo’s – Grapefruit – Tangerines- Mannelos, etc Berries ( Wash and clean with either Peroxide. GSE, Vinegar, Lemon Juice- Use an Iodine Spray ) Veggies all kinds (Wash and clean with either Peroxide. GSE, Vinegar, Lemon Juice- Use an Iodine Spray ) Make Juice fresh and Home made Use Sprouts—Seeds - Nuts – Make Nut or Seed butters—
Do this for 5-10 days and afterwards if you wish to consume rice or pasta or polenta then introduce them back slow and minimize the consumption—breads if you consume then utilize Rye, Barley, or Oat and again Minimally—the idea is to get off breads and cereals which are actually Fermenting inside and potentially causing DNA damage and Restructuring--- Potato Can be used as long as it is not fried---broiled—boiled—mashed-or baked this will assist in the cleansing of the colon as well as provide energy
ScienceDaily (Apr. 19, 2010) — Australian scientists have shown for the first time that even modest weight loss reverses many of the damaging changes often seen in the immune cells of obese people, particularly those with Type 2 diabetes.---The immune system is made up of many different kinds of cells that protect the body from germs, viruses and other invaders. These cells need to co-exist in a certain balance for good health to be maintained. Many factors, including diet and excess body fat, can tip this balance, creating immune cells that can attack, rather than protect, our bodies. It has been known for some time that excess body fat, particularly abdominal fat, triggers the production of 'pro-inflammatory' immune cells, which circulate in the blood and can damage our bodies. In addition, other inflammatory immune cells, known as macrophages, are also activated within fat tissue.---The recent study looked at obese people with Type 2 diabetes or prediabetes who were limited to a diet of between 1000 and 1600 calories a day for 24 weeks. Gastric banding was performed at 12 weeks to help restrict food intake further. The study determined the effects of weight loss on immune cells---Undertaken by Dr Alex Viardot and Associate Professor Katherine Samaras from Sydney's Garvan Institute of Medical Research, the results showed an 80% reduction of pro-inflammatory T-helper cells, as well as reduced activation of other circulating immune cells (T cells, monocytes and neutrophils) and decreased activation of macrophages in fat. They are published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology Metabolism, now online.----"Excess weight disorders now affect 50% of adult Australians, with obesity being the major cause of Type 2 diabetes and some cancers," said Associate Professor Samaras."The situation has reached crisis point, and people must be made aware that excess fat will affect their immune systems and therefore their survival.""We have found that a modest weight loss of about 6 kg is enough to bring the pro- inflammatory nature of circulating immune cells back to that found in lean people."----"These inflammatory cells are involved in promoting coronary artery disease and other illnesses associated with obesity."---"This is the first time it has been shown that modest weight reduction reverses some of the very adverse inflammatory changes we see in obese people with diabetes."----"We also showed that the activation status of immune cells found in fat predicted how much weight people would lose following a calorie restricted diet and bariatric surgery. Those with more activated immune cells lost less weight." "It's the first time this has been described and is important because it helps us understand why some people lose weight more easily than others, and that inflammation is involved in regulating the response to bariatric surgery."---The Garvan study reinforces a message we hear regularly -- to optimise your health, keep your weight and waist in the healthy range. Story Source: Adapted from materials provided by Garvan Institute. Journal Reference: A. Viardot, R. V. Lord, K. Samaras. The Effects of Weight Loss and Gastric Banding on the Innate and Adaptive Immune System in Type 2 Diabetes and Prediabetes. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 2010; DOI: 10.1210/jc.2009-2371
ScienceDaily (Apr. 20, 2010) — Using productive farmland to grow crops for food instead of fuel is more energy efficient, Michigan State University scientists concluded, after analyzing 17 years' worth of data to help settle the food versus fuel debate.---"It's 36 percent more efficient to grow grain for food than for fuel," said Ilya Gelfand, an MSU postdoctoral researcher and lead author of the study. "The ideal is to grow corn for food, then leave half the leftover stalks and leaves on the field for soil conservation and produce cellulosic ethanol with the other half."---Other studies have looked at energy efficiencies for crops over shorter time periods, but this MSU study is the first to consider energy balances of an entire cropping system over many years. The results are published in the April 19 online issue of the journal Environmental Science & Technology.---"It comes down to what's the most efficient use of the land," said Phil Robertson, University Distinguished Professor of crop and soil sciences and one of the paper's authors. "Given finite land resources, will it be more efficient to use productive farmland for food or fuel? One compromise would be to use productive farmland for both -- to use the grain for food and the other parts of the plant for fuel where possible. Another would be to reserve productive farmland for food and to grow biofuel grasses -- cellulosic biomass -- on less productive land."---He, Gelfand and Sieglinde Snapp, another co-author and an MSU associate professor of crop and soil sciences, analyzed data collected from 1989 to 2007 at the W.K. Kellogg Long Term Ecological Research site. That National Science Foundation-funded project studies ecology and environmental biology to provide a better understanding of both natural and managed systems. It is the only agricultural program in the 26-site NSF national LTER network.---The scientists compared the energy inputs and outputs of producing corn, soybeans and wheat grown using four systems: conventional tillage, no-till, low chemical input and organic, and then using all harvested plant material for either food or biofuel production. They also looked at energy balances for growing alfalfa, an important forage plant that can be used either for biofuel or for beef cattle feed.---The analysis showed that using no-till production to grow grain for food was the most energy-efficient system for food or fuel production. Avoiding plowing with no-till management reduces tractor fuel use during production.---Producing a kilogram of corn for human food provides more energy than converting the corn to either ethanol by processing or to meat by feeding it to animals. Growing alfalfa for biofuel is 60 percent more efficient than using it as cattle feed, according to the study.---Robertson and Gelfand also are members of the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, a partnership between Michigan State and the University of Wisconsin-Madison funded by the U.S. Department of Energy to conduct basic research aimed at solving some of the most complex problems in converting natural materials to energy.---The U.S. Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 calls for biofuels to comprise 22 percent of the nation's transportation fuels by 2022."This research is aimed at policymakers who have to decide how and where biofuels should be grown and the best way to encourage farmers to follow those suggestions," Robertson said.--Research by MSU agricultural economics professor Scott Swinton earlier found that the most profitable cellulosic biofuel crop right now is corn stalks and leaves.---"Our research suggests that this is an energy-efficient strategy as well, so long as the grain is used for food," Robertson said. "But there are not enough corn stalks to meet expected energy needs and federal policy also may decide to offer incentives to grow crops that offer more environmental benefits than corn, including incentives to grow grasses on less productive land.--"The promise of biofuels made from biomass is huge, from both climate mitigation and economic perspectives," he continued. "But the promise could come up short if we don't pay attention to details such as the land on which they are grown."--The research is funded by the GLBRC, the NSF and the Michigan Agricultural Experiment Station.-----Story Source:---Adapted from materials provided by Michigan State University, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS. ---Journal Reference: -Gelfand et al. Energy Efficiency of Conventional, Organic, and Alternative Cropping Systems for Food and Fuel at a Site in the U.S. Midwest. Environmental Science & Technology, 2010; 100419163028031 DOI: 10.1021/es903385g
ScienceDaily (Apr. 20, 2010) — A study from Rhode Island Hospital shows that patients report side effects from medication for the treatment of depression 20 times more than psychiatrists have recorded in the charts. The researchers recommend the use of a self-administered patient questionnaire in clinical practice to improve the recognition of side effects for patients in treatment. The study is published in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, Volume 71, No. 4, now available online ahead of print. One of the most frequent reasons for the discontinuation of medication to treat depression is the side effects that patients may experience. The premature discontinuation of medication is also associated with poorer treatment outcomes. In his recent study, lead researcher Mark Zimmerman, MD, director of outpatient psychiatry at Rhode Island Hospital, notes that despite the clinical importance of detecting side effects, few studies have examined the adequacy of the detection and documentation methods currently in use among clinicians.--Zimmerman and his colleagues asked 300 patients in ongoing treatment for depression to complete a self-administered version of the Toronto Side Effects Scale (TSES). The patients rated the frequency of the 31 side effects and the degree of trouble they experienced. Those patients' charts were then examined to extract side effects information recorded by the treating psychiatrist.---The findings indicate that the mean number of side effects reported by the patients on the TSES was 20 times higher than the number recorded by the psychiatrist. When the self-reported side effects were limited to "frequently occurring" or "very bothersome" the rate was still found to be two to three times higher than recorded in their charts.--Zimmerman, who is also an associate professor of psychiatry and human behavior at The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, says, "Despite the importance that side effects have on premature medication discontinuation, there is some evidence that clinicians may not do a thorough job of eliciting information regarding their presence. This study finds that clinicians do not record in their progress notes most side effects reported on a side effects questionnaire.." ---While there may be several explanations for this, Zimmerman says, "Our research found that the only specific side effect that was regularly inquired about by clinicians was on sexual dysfunction, presumably because of concerns that some patients may be too embarrassed to spontaneously report that without prompting." The researchers also suggest that patients stop reporting to psychiatrists the side effects that they have grown accustomed to, but patients reported these side effects in the self-report scale because there were specific questions about them. --The researchers also question whether side effect frequencies reported in industry-sponsored studies may underestimate the prevalence of side effects from medication. As a result, clinicians may not be accurately informing patients of the potential likelihood of such side effects, and that lack of adequate preparation may result in patients prematurely discontinuing their medication.--Zimmerman says, "As a result of this study, we believe that ongoing dialogue about side effects during treatment will help to reduce premature medication discontinuation and would help reduce depression relapse rates. Incorporating a self-report questionnaire like the TSES may be helpful to adopt into clinical practice for the treatment of depression."---Other researchers involved in the study along with Zimmerman include Janine Galione, BS, Naureen Attiullah, MD, Michael Friedman, MD, Cristina Toba, MD, and Moataz Rahgeb, MD, all of Rhode Island Hospital the Alpert Medical School.--Story Source: Adapted from materials provided by Lifespan, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS.---Journal Reference: Mark Zimmerman et al. Underrecognition of Clinically Significant Side Effects in Depressed Outpatients. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 2010;71(4):484%u2013490 DOI: 10.4088/JCP.08m04978blu
I-- My personal take on this is that it would not matter irregardless on how much dialog that goes on if the side effect is intolerable then that person who is in the medical care will no longer use the drug---Most people are aware of the implications these days to trust a doctor, pharmacist or the Pharmaceutical industry---the analogy I present is this ---equating to the drug industry--- that if you are afflicted the drug will cover the condition ---meanwhile the condition continues to get worse and to grow more toxic or unhealthy so then the new prescription( s) because now you have developed new symptoms and need a host of band aids to cover the initial affliction and it continues to break you down---the drugs at best can only cover up whatever it is ailing you ---the real health comes from modifying behavior—changing the things that are causing the break down and then re instating the right nutrients or nutrients from Vitamins and other supplements to rebuild the system and to continue to be in health
(Crocus sativus L.) ++
Activities (Saffron) — Abortifacient (2; PHR; PH2); Analgesic (f; APA; CRC; MAD); Antidepressant (f; PNC); Antidote (f; MAD); Antiedemic (1; APA); Antihysteric (f; CRC); Antioxidant (1; PR14:149); Antiradicular (1; PR14:149); Antiseptic (f; CRC); Antispasmodic (f; APA; CRC; HHB); Antitumor (1; PR14:149); Aphrodisiac (f; APA; CRC; MAD); Balsamic (f; CRC); Cardiotonic (f; CRC; EFS; MAD); Carminative (f; CRC; PNC); Diaphoretic (f; APA; CRC); Digestive (f; APA); Ecbolic (f; CRC); Emmenagogue (f; CRC; HHB; PNC); Emollient (f; APA); Expectorant (f; APA; CRC); Gastrogogue (f; PHR; PH2); Hemostat (f; MAD); Hypocholesterolemic (1; APA); Hypolipemic (1; PR14:149); Hypotensive (1; APA); Myorelaxant (f; APA); Narcotic (f; CRC; SKJ); Nervine (f; CRC); Neuroprotective (1; PR14:149); Sedative (f; APA; CRC; HHB); Stimulant (f; CRC; HHB); Stomachic (f; CRC; HHB); Toxic (f; CRC); Uterotonic (1; PHR; PH2). Indications (Saffron) — Adenopathy (f; JLH); Aegilops (f; JLH); Amenorrhea (1; CRC; MAD; PH2); Asthma (f; MAD); Bladder (f; CRC); Bleeding (f; DAA; MAD); Bronchosis (f; PH2); Burn (f; JLH); Cacoethes (f; JLH); Cancer (1; APA; PR14:149); Cancer, abdomen (1; APA; CRC); Cancer, bladder (1; APA; CRC); Cancer, breast (1; APA; CRC; JLH); Cancer, colon (1; APA; JLH); Cancer, diaphragm (1; APA; JLH); Cancer, ear (1; APA; CRC); Cancer, eye (1; APA; JLH); Cancer, kidney (1; APA; CRC); Cancer, larynx (1; APA; JLH); Cancer, liver (1; APA; CRC); Cancer, mouth (1; APA; CRC); Cancer, neck (1; APA; CRC); Cancer, spleen (1; APA; CRC); Cancer, stomach (1; APA; CRC; JLH); Cancer, testicle (1 APA; JLH); Cancer, throat (1; APA; JLH); Cancer, tonsil (1; APA; CRC); Cancer, uterus (1; APA; CRC; JLH); Cardiopathy (f; APA); Catarrh (f; CRC; SKJ); Cerebrosis (1; APA); Childbirth (f; DAA; PH2); Cholera (f; CRC); Chorea (f; HHB; MAD); Cold (f; CRC); Condyloma (f; DAA); Conjunctivosis (f; MAD); Cough (f; DAA; MAD); Cramp (f; APA; CRC; DAA; HHB); Cystosis (f; JLH); Depression (f; CRC; DAA; PNC); Dermatosis (f; CRC); Diabetes (f; CRC); Dysmenorrhea (f; DAA; HHB; MAD; PNC); Edema (1; APA); Enterosis (f; JLH); Epistaxis (f; MAD); Fear (f; CRC; DAA); Fever (f; APA; CRC; PH2); Fibroid (f; JLH); Gas (f; CRC; MAD; PNC); Gastrosis (f; JLH); Gout (f; MAD); Hangover (f; LIL); Headache (f; PH2); Hematosis (f; CRC); Hemoptysis (f; DAA; MAD); Hepatosis (f; CRC; JLH; SKJ); High Blood Pressure (1; APA); High Cholesterol (1; APA); Hysteria (f; CRC; DAA; MAD); Induration (f; JLH); Inflammation (f; JLH); Insomnia (f; APA; CRC; HHB); Lacrimosis (f; JLH); Laryngosis (f; JLH); Leukemia (f; JLH); Lochiostasis (f; PH2); Lymphoma (1; APA; JLH); Measles (f; CRC; DAA; MAD); Melancholy (f; CRC; HHB); Menorrhagia (f; HHB; PH2); Menoxenia (f; CRC); Nephrosis (f; JLH); Nervousness (f; APA; CRC; HHB); Neurosis (f; CRC); Obesity (1; PR14:149); Ophthalmia (f; JLH); Orchosis (f; JLH); Pain (f; APA; CRC; DAA; MAD); Parotosis (f; JLH); Pertussis (f; BIB; DAA; MAD); Phymata (f; JLH); Plague (f; MAD); Puerperium (f; CRC); Sclerosis (f; CRC); Shock (f; CRC; DAA); Snakebite (f; SKJ); Sore Throat (f; PH2); Spasm (f; CRC); Splenosis (f; CRC; JLH); Swelling (1; APA); Tonsilosis (f; JLH); Tumor (1; PR14:149); Twitching (f; MAD); Uterosis (f; CRC; DAA; JLH); VD (f; CRC; DAA); Vertigo (f; MAD); Vomiting (f; PH2); Wart (f; CRC). Dosages (Saffron) — 10–15 stigmata/cup water (APA); 0.5–1.5 g day (APA; HHB); 0.5–2.5 g saffron (PNC); 0.1–1 g powdered saffron (MAD); 15–16 drops tincture (MAD). Contraindications, Interactions, and Side Effects (Saffron) — Class 2b. Abortifacient, emmenagogue, and uterotonic. Severe side effects may result from ingesting 5 g saffron (LD = 20 g) (AHP).“Hazards and/or side effects not known for proper therapeutic dosages” (PH2). Controversial. The 200 mg/kg dose of saffron alleged to extend the life of cancerous mice translates to 22,000 mg or 22 grams saffron with this 100-kg rat named Jim Duke. Commission E reports no risks for doses up to 1.5 g; however, 5 g is toxic, 10 g is abortive, and 20 g is lethal (AEH; PHR). Conversely, Tucker and DeBaggio report that “ingesting 0.05 oz (1.5 g) of saffron has resulted in death” (TAD). Paradoxically, the life-saving dose is lethal! Preferring to err on the safe side,
F22-week, multicenter, randomized, double-blind controlled trial of Crocus sativus in the treatment of mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease.
Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2010 Jan;207(4):637-43 Authors: Akhondzadeh S, Shafiee Sabet M, Harirchian MH, Togha M, Cheraghmakani H, Razeghi S, Hejazi SS, Yousefi MH, Alimardani R, Jamshidi A, Rezazadeh SA, Yousefi A, Zare F, Moradi A, Vossoughi A
RATIONALE: There is increasing evidence to suggest the possible efficacy of Crocus sativus (saffron) in the management of Alzheimer's disease (AD). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present investigation was to assess the efficacy of C. sativus in the treatment of patients with mild-to-moderate AD. METHODS: Fifty-four Persian-speaking adults 55 years of age or older who were living in the community were eligible to participate in a 22-week, double-blind study of parallel groups of patients with AD. The main efficacy measures were the change in the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-cognitive subscale and Clinical Dementia Rating Scale-Sums of Boxes scores compared with baseline. Adverse events (AEs) were systematically recorded. Participants were randomly assigned to receive a capsule saffron 30 mg/day (15 mg twice per day) or donepezil 10 mg/day (5 mg twice per day). RESULTS: Saffron at this dose was found to be effective similar to donepezil in the treatment of mild-to-moderate AD after 22 weeks. The frequency of AEs was similar between saffron extract and donepezil groups with the exception of vomiting, which occurred significantly more frequently in the donepezil group. CONCLUSION: This phase II study provides preliminary evidence of a possible therapeutic effect of saffron extract in the treatment of patients with mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease. This trial is registered with the Iranian Clinical Trials Registry
Cuba Touts New Medicine as Treatment for Cancer, AIDS
ScienceDaily (Apr. 7, 2010) — Poisoning is now the second leading cause of unintentional injury death in the U.S. While several recent high-profile Hollywood celebrity cases have brought the problem to public attention, the rates of unintentional poisoning deaths have been on the rise for more than 15 years, and in fact, unintentional poisoning has surpassed motor vehicle crashes as the leading cause of unintentional injury death among people 35-54 years of age.----In a study published in the May issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, researchers found that hospitalizations for poisoning by prescription opioids, sedatives and tranquilizers in the U.S. have increased by 65% from 1999 to 2006.--"Deaths and hospitalizations associated with prescription drug misuse have reached epidemic proportions," said the study's lead author, Jeffrey H. Coben, MD, of the West Virginia University School of Medicine. "It is essential that health care providers, pharmacists, insurance providers, state and federal agencies, and the general public all work together to address this crisis. Prescription medications are just as powerful and dangerous as other notorious street drugs, and we need to ensure people are aware of these dangers and that treatment services are available for those with substance abuse problems."---In the first comprehensive examination of nationwide hospitalizations associated with these prescription medications, researchers examined data gathered from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS), which contains records for approximately 8 million hospitalizations per year. By using standard diagnosis codes from the ICD-9-CM, the authors extracted from the NIS all poisonings by drugs, medicinal, and biological substances reported from 1999-2006, and further categorized the specific types of drugs in each case. It was also possible to determine whether the poisoning was diagnosed as intentional, unintentional or undetermined.---Dr. Coben believes that while the data reveals a fast-growing problem, there's an urgent need for more in-depth research on this wave of injuries and deaths. Writing in the article, he said, "Interviews with survivors could provide important additional details regarding the pathways to abuse of these drugs, the methods used to obtain the medications, the sequencing and combination of drugs that result in overdose, and the immediate precursors to these serious events. The association between hospitalization for prescription opioids, sedatives, and tranquilizers and subsequent morbidity and mortality is another area in need of further research."--While the majority of hospitalized poisonings are classified as unintentional, substantial increases were also demonstrated for intentional overdoses associated with these drugs, likely reflecting their widespread availability in community settings.---From 1999-2006, total estimated hospitalizations in the U.S. for poisoning by prescription opioids, sedatives, and tranquilizers increased by 65%; while unintentional poisonings by these drugs increased by 37%. In comparison, during this same period, hospitalizations for poisoning by other drugs, medicinal and biological substances increased by 33%, while all other hospitalizations increased by just over 11%. Unintentional poisonings by other substances increased by 21%. Intentional poisonings from prescription opioids, sedatives, and tranquilizers rose by a total of 130% compared to a 53% increase in intentional poisonings from other substances.---The largest percentage increase in hospitalizations for poisoning for a specific drug was observed for methadone (400%). Poisonings by benzodiazepines increased 39%. Hospitalizations for poisoning by barbiturates actually decreased 41%, as did hospitalizations for poisoning by antidepressants (a decrease of 13%).--Story Source:--Adapted from materials provided by Elsevier Health Sciences, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS.--Journal Reference: Jeffrey H. Coben, Stephen M. Davis, Paul M. Furbee, Rosanna D. Sikora, Roger D. Tillotson, Robert M. Bossarte. Hospitalizations for Poisoning by Prescription Opioids, Sedatives, and Tranquilizers. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2010; 38 (5) DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2010.01.022
ScienceDaily (July 24, 2006) — Trends analysis of drug poisoning deaths has helped explain a national epidemic of overdose deaths in the USA that began in the 1990s, concludes Leonard Paulozzi and colleagues at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, USA. The contribution of prescription pain killers to the epidemic has only become clear recently. This research is published this week in the journal, Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety.---Drugs called "opioids" are frequently prescribed to relieve pain, but if abused they can kill. Over the past 15 years, sales of opioid pain killers, including oxycodone, hydrocodone, methadone and fentanyl, have increased, and deaths from these drugs have increased in parallel.---In 2002, over 16,000 people died in the USA as a result of drug overdoses, with most deaths related to opioids, heroin, and cocaine. Opioids surpassed both cocaine and heroin in extent of involvement in these drug overdoses between 1999 and 2002.----The situation appears to be accelerating. Between 1979 and 1990 the rate of deaths attributed to unintentional drug poisoning increased by an average of 5.3% each year. Between 1990 and 2002, the rate increased by 18.1% per year. The contribution played by opioids is also increasing. Between 1999 and 2002 the number of overdose death certificates that mention poisoning by opioid pain killers went up by 91.2%. While the pain killer category showed the greatest increase, death certificates pointing a finger of blame at heroin and cocaine also increased by 12.4% and 22.8% respectively.---In an accompanying 'comment' article, David Joranson and Aaron Gilson of the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health Comprehensive Cancer Centre; Pain & Policy Studies Group, of Madison, Wisconsin. They caution against increasing unwarranted fears of using opioid analgesics in pain management, noting that much of the abuse of opioid analgesics is by recreational and street users and individuals with psychiatric conditions rather than pain patients.---Joranson and Gilson also point to the large quantity of opioid analgesics stolen from pharmacies every year, saying that "overdose deaths involving prescription medications do not necessarily mean they were prescribed. It is also crucial to know that most overdose deaths involve several drugs and these data cannot attribute the cause to a particular drug."---In a second commentary, Scott Fishman, Professor of Anaesthesiology and Pain Medicine at University of California, Davis concludes that drug abuse and under treated pain are both public health crises, but the solution to one need not undermine the other. "The least we can do is make sure that the casualties of the war on drugs are not suffering patients who legitimately deserve relief," he says. ---Story Source: Adapted from materials provided by John Wiley & Sons, Inc..
ScienceDaily (Dec. 14, 2009) — Deaths from opioid use in Ontario, Canada, have doubled since 1991 and the addition of long-acting oxycodone to the drug formulary was associated with a 5-fold increase in oxycodone-related deaths, found a new study in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). Most of these additional deaths were accidental.--Opioids are among the most commonly prescribed medications in Canada and are often used for patients with chronic non-malignant pain. Other studies have argued that prescribing is not a major contributor to the adverse health effects of opioid abuse, yet this study suggests that increased rates of opioid prescriptions are a significant factor in accidental opioid-related deaths. --The study looked at prescribing data from 1991 to 2007 from IMS Health Canada, which collects information from almost two-thirds of Canadian pharmacies, and deaths attributed to opioid use from records of the Office of the Chief Coroner of Ontario between 1991 and 2004. It also linked the coroner's data to health care databases to track patients' medical visits.--Prescriptions for opioid pain medications increased by 29%, with codeine the most frequently prescribed, although the number of prescriptions for that drug declined during the study period. Oxycodone prescriptions rose more than 850%, much more rapidly than any other opioid, and accounted for 32% of the almost 7.2 million prescriptions for opioids dispensed in 2006.--Between 1991 and 2004, 7099 deaths with complete records were attributed to alcohol and/or drugs. In 3406 of these deaths -- 61.9% -- opioids were implicated as cause of death. The median age of death was 40 years and 67% were men. Suicide was a factor in 23.6% of deaths.---"The rise in opioid-related deaths was due in large part to inadvertent toxicity," write Dr. Irfan Dhalla, of the University of Toronto and coauthors. "There was no significant increase in the number of deaths from suicide involving opioids over the study period."---After linking the coroner's data to health care databases, the researchers included 3066 deaths. Many (66.4%) of these patients had seen a physician at least once in the 4 weeks preceding their death, with diagnosis of mental health problems and pain-related complaints the most common reasons for medical attention.--"The societal burden of opioid-related mortality and morbidity in Canada is substantial," write the authors. "In our study, the annual incidence of opioid-related deaths in 2004 (27.2 million) falls between the incidence of death from HIV infection (12 per million) and sepsis (40 per million)."--They conclude that the frequency of visits to physicians and opioid prescriptions in the month before death suggest a missed opportunity for prevention.--In a related commentary, Dr. Benedikt Fischer of Simon Fraser University and coauthor write "the pre-eminent risk in most deaths was from the use of multiple drugs involving prescription opioids and other substances that are widely and legally dispensed. As prescription drugs are involved in more overdose deaths than either heroin or cocaine in North America, the profile of the people who are dying may be changing from marginalized people to more "middle class."--The authors argue that governments must lead in developing a preventative strategy for this different demographic and refocus the federal drug policy that currently targets marginalized people.
Story Source:----Adapted from materials provided by Canadian Medical Association Journal, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS.--Journal References: Irfan A. Dhalla, Muhammad M. Mamdani, Marco L.A. Sivilotti, Alex Kopp, Omar Qureshi, David N. Juurlink. Prescribing of opioid analgesics and related mortality before and after the introduction of long-acting oxycodone. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 2009; 181 (12): 891 DOI: 10.1503/cmaj.090784----Benedikt Fischer, Jürgen Rehm. Deaths related to the use of prescription opioids. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 2009; DOI: 10.1503/cmaj.091791
Cuba Touts New Medicine as Treatment for Cancer, AIDS
HAVANA – State-run Cuban media outlets announced Tuesday the distribution on the island of a “natural” medicine that can serve to fight AIDS, cancer, malaria, diabetes, arthritis, rheumatism and even memory loss.---“A batch of 160,000 tablets of ‘anamu,’ a new immunostimulatory herbal medicine produced by the Oriente pharmaceutical laboratory, will help patients with cancer and AIDS,” the official AIN news agency said.----It added that anamu – Petiveria alliacea, also commonly known as “garlic weed” due to its strong garlic-like odor – in the form of tea, is also efficacious as an “anti-spasmotic, diuretic, stimulant and sudorific, local analgesic and anti-inflamatory in different skin complaints, and it is used against arthritis, malaria, rheumatism and memory problems.”----“The tablet, 400 milligrams and completely natural, will be supplied initially in oncology treatment and for patients with the AIDS virus in the province of Santiago de Cuba, where its effectiveness will be verified, according to its immune response ... in the human organism.”---AIN quotes Martha Zoe, a specialist in natural medicine, who explained that the pills are made from powdered leaves and young stems of anamu, a grassy herb that grows wild in Cuba, as well as in tropical areas of the Caribbean, South America and Africa. ----“The tablets already have the first health registration, backed by ethnomedical reports on the plant and research linked with its traditional use and reported benefits,” the report adds. ---The Cuban health care system, one of the keystones of the revolution led by Fidel Castro in 1959, already administers other similar products to patients, including a recent “homeopathic complex” that allegedly increases the body’s defenses against the AH1N1 flu virus. EFE
(Carica papaya L.) +++ Synonyms: C. peltata Hook. & Arn., C. posoposa L., Papaya carica Gaertn. Activities (Papaya) — Abortifacient (1; VAG; WBB; 60P); Allergenic (1; PHR; PNC); Amebicide (1; TRA); Analgesic (1; PH2; TRA); Antibacterial (1; AAB; APA; TRA); Anticonvulsant (1; TRA; 60P); Antidiptheric (1; TRA); Antiedemic (1; KOM; PH2); Antifertility (1; 60P); Antiimplantation (1; TRA); Antiinflammatory (1; APA; PH2; TRA); Antioxidant (1; APA); Antipyretic (f; HHB; JFM; WBB); Antiseptic (1; APA; PH2; TRA; WBB; 60P); Antispasmodic (1; TRA); Antitetanic (1; TRA); Antitumor (1; TRA; 60P); Antiulcer (1; APA; PH2); Ascaricide (1; AAB; WBB); Bronchodilator (1; TRA); Candidicide (1; AAB; APA; TRA); Cardiac (f; WBB); Cardiodepressant (1; AAB); Cardiotonic (1; HHB); Carminative (f; WBB); Chronotropic (1; TRA); Cicatrizant (1; TRA); Contraceptive (1; TRA); Digestive (1; APA; PNC; WAM); Diuretic (1; KOM; TRA; WBB); Embryotoxic (1; PH2); Emmenagogue (f; JFM; PH2; WBB); Fibrinolytic (1; PH2); Fungicide (1; AAB; APA; HHB; TRA); Hypotensive (1; TRA); Immunostimulant (f; APA); Laxative (f; AAB; HHB; JFM; WBB); Myorelaxant (f; 60P); Pectoral (f; JFM); Proteolytic (1; 60P; APA; TRA WBB); Sedative (f; KOM); Taenicide (f; WBB); Teratogenic (1; PH2); Tranquilizer (1; TRA); Uterorelaxant (1; TRA); Vermifuge (1; APA; KOM; PH2; TRA; VAG; WBB; 60P); Vulnerary (1; AAB; PNC). Indications (Papaya) — Abscess (f; KOM); Adenopathy (f; JLH; KOM); Adnexosis (f; KOM); Aging (f; KOM); Ameba (1; TRA); Anorexia (f; KOM); Anthrax (f; WBB); Ascaris (1; AAB; WBB); Asthma (f; HHB; JFM; WBB); Atherosclerosis (f; KOM); Bacteria (1; AAB; APA; TRA); Boil (f; WBB); Bronchosis (f; JFM; KOM; PH2); Burn (f; KOM; WBB); Callus (f; JFM); Cancer (1; JLH; TRA; 60P); Cancer, uterus (f; CRC); Candida (1; AAB; APA; TRA); Cardiopathy (f; KOM); Cholecystosis (f; KOM); Circulosis (f; KOM); Cold (f; JFM); Conjunctivosis (f; PNC); Constipation (f; AAB; HHB; JFM; KOM; WBB); Convulsion (1; TRA; 60P); Corn (f; AAB; JLH); Cough (f; JFM; PH2); Cramp (1; TRA); Cystosis (f; WBB); Dehydration (f; VAG); Depression (f; KOM); Dermatosis (f; JFM; WBB); Diarrhea (f; JFM); Discosis (1; JAD); Duodenosis (f; PH2); Dyscrasia (f; KOM); Dysentery (f; WBB); Dyspepsia (1; KOM; PH2; PNC; WAM); Dysuria (f; JFM); Earache (f; WBB); Edema (1; KOM; PH2); Enterosis (f; JFM; PHR; PH2; WBB); Fever (f; HHB; JFM; WBB); Fistula (f; KOM); Flu (f; KOM); Fontanelle (f; ZIM); Freckle (f; APA; JFM); Fungus (1; AAB; APA; HHB; TRA); Furuncle (f; TRA); Gas (f; KOM); Gastrosis (f; PHR; PH2); Gonorrhea (1; TRA; VAG; WBB); Heartburn (1; FNF; TGF); Hematoma (f; KOM); Hemorrhoid (f; KOM; PH2; WBB); Hepatosis (f; AAB; JFM; KOM); High Blood Pressure (1; JFM; TRA; WBB); Hodgkin’s Disease (f; KOM); Immunodepression (f; APA); Infection (1; AAB APA; HHB; KOM; PHR; TRA); Infertility (1; APA); Inflammation (1; APA; JFM; KOM; PHR; PH2; TRA); Insomnia (f; KOM); Jaundice (f; WBB); Leukemia (f; KOM); Lymphoma (f; KOM); Malaria (f; JFM); Metastasis (f; KOM); Mycosis (1; AAB; APA; HHB; TRA); Nausea (1; WAM); Nephrosis (f; HHB; WBB); Nervousness (1; KOM; TRA); Neurasthenia (f; KOM); Neurosis (f; KOM); Pain (1; CRC; PH2; TRA); Pancreatosis (f; PHR; PH2); Parasite (1; 60P; PHR; PH2; WAM); Pharyngosis (f; KOM); Phlebitis (f; KOM); Proctosis (f; KOM); Psoriasis (f; APA); Respirosis (f; KOM; WBB); Rheumatism (f; KOM; WBB); Ringworm (1; APA; JFM); Roemeld Syndrome (f; KOM); Sclerosis (f; JLH); Shigella (1; AAB); Sore Throat (f; JFM; KOM); Splenomegaly (f; JFM; WBB); Splenosis (f; JFM); Staphylococcus (1; AAB); Stomatosis (f; KOM); Stone (f; PH2); Swelling (1; KOM; PH2); Syphilis (f; HHB; WBB); Tapeworm (f; WBB); Thirst (f; CRC); Thrombosis (f; KOM); Tuberculosis (1; TRA); Tumor (1; JLH; KOM; TRA; 60P); Ulcer (1; APA; PHR; PH2); Urethrosis (f; KOM; TRA); UTI (f; PH2); Vaginosis (f; APA); Varicosis (f; KOM); VD (f; AAB; JFM; WBB); Wart (f; AAB; JFM; WBB); Water Retention (f; JFM); Worm (1; APA; KOM; PH2; PNC; TRA; VAG; WBB; 60P); Wound (1; KOM; TRA; WBB); Yaws (f; WBB); Yeast (1; AAB; APA; TRA). Commission E, listing more than a dozen folkloric indications, on p. 361, does not even recommend papain, because of insufficient proof of efficacy (KOM). Dosages (Papaya) — 1–2 tsp dry leaf/cup water (APA); 1–3 tsp fruit juice (APA); 1–2 tbsp fresh fruit (PED); 1.5–3 g dry fruit (PED); 2.5–5 ml elixir of papaya (PNC); 2.5–5 ml glycerin of papain (PNC); 10–50 mg papain (APA); “Papain may be effective in high doses (daily dose = 1500 mg”) (KOM). Contraindications, Interactions, and Side Effects (Papaya) — Class 1 (AHP). None known --(WAM). “Hazards and/or side effects not known for proper therapetic dosages” (PH2). Admitting no risks for the leaf, Commission E disallows for lack of proof of efficacy (KOM). May interact with warfarin (PH2). There are reports of perforated esophagus following over ingestion of fruits (APA). Papain can cause severe stomach inflammation if taken internally, dermatosis externally. Allergic reactions including asthma possible (PH2). Not to be used during pregnancy (PH2). See accounts for papain in FNF and KOM. Papaya seeds can reverse sterility without affecting libido