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Show of the Week December 3 2010

EU Food Supplements Directive is “useless”

US, China biggest culprits as report finds 25% of EU supplements contaminated

German court rejects use of negative EFSA cranberry opinions

High Carb Diet Linked to Prostate Tumor Growth

A Low-Carb Diet May Stunt Prostate Tumor Growth

Moderately Reduced Carbohydrate Diet Keeps People Feeling Full Longer


EU Food Supplements Directive is “useless”

Polish legal researchers have slammed the 2002 Food Supplements Directive (FSD) for being so vaguely and badly written that it is retarding one of its stated aims to harmonise and boost trade across the European Union’s 27 member states. ---The researchers say the Directive contains unclear definitions of what a food supplement actually is; what is meant by a “normal diet” in the European Union bloc; as well as remaining ambiguous about the treatment of nutrients such as amino acids, fatty acids, fibre and herbal extracts and yet-to-be-confirmed dosage levels. --The result, they say, is a regulation that “turns out to be useless” and which, “fails to comply not only with the standards of good legislation but even basic legislative requirements.” --Writing in European Food and Feed Law, the University of Warsaw’s Professor Malgorzata Korzycka-Iwanow (Head of Department of Food Law) and Monika Zboralska (doctorate researcher) concluded the FSD’s attempt to ring-fence food supplements was producing a counter effect. --- “…remarkable difficulties associated with qualifying a product as a food supplement, especially against a medicinal product is seen as an impediment of free movement of goods within the EU.” -- FSD interpretation in the European Court of Justice (ECJ) The FSD’s deficiencies have led to a situation where, in the author’s view, the ECJ has been called into the breach, with many cases revolving around the nebulous notion of just what a food supplement is-- In several rulings the ECJ has found a supplement can be classified by factors such as:

·                                 its composition

·                                 its pharmacological properties

·                                 its manner of use

·                                 its distribution

·                                 its familiarity among consumers

·                                 its risk of use

Korzycka-Iwanow and Zboralska noted, however, that a supplement and a medicinal product may contain the same substances albeit at different levels. Similarly both a supplement and a medicinal product could possess pharmacological or therapeutic effects, but the ECJ had attempted to established a ‘threshold of significance’ to determine how to classify a product. That threshold being that medicinal products should prevent or treat disease as had been exemplified in a 2004 ECJ case about how to classify garlic supplements that saw Germany forced to treat them as supplements and not drugs as the government had sought. --ECJ rulings have also found that groups of products cannot be classified as medicines due to the presence of particular substances, vitamins or due to high dosage levels. ---Other aggrieved parties have gone to the ECJ with questions about whether member states should be able to conceive their own maximum permitted limits for nutrients used in food supplements. --Relating the problem of transposing the FSD into member state legislatures, a process that remains incomplete across the EU, they wrote: “Many EU member states, including the Polish legislator, struggle with the problem of the transparency of the procedure of product classification, which should at the same time protect the safety of consumers.”



US, China biggest culprits as report finds 25% of EU supplements contaminated

New research has highlighted rising rates of supplement contamination in the European Uniontypically by steroids – with the US and China the main sources. ---The report published in Food And Chemical Toxicology found enforcement actions were lacking in the EU and called for greater scrutiny of the sector, to stem a problem they measured at 25 per cent of EU supplements. --“Regulating supplements as a foodstuff and not a medicine, coupled with the fact that a significant proportion of the supplement market is distributed via the Internet (hence absent from routine border control and surveillance), make ensuring and enforcing safety a very challenging task,” the report concluded. [U1] --“The need for better quality control, compliance and public awareness is evident.” Despite that damning assessment, the report found that enforcement activity had “dramatically increased” in the wake of the 2002 Food Supplements Directive, but not to a sufficient degree to counter the growing problem. -----“Enforcement that ensures clarity of labelling, appropriate quality control and appropriate guidance for the unsuspecting consumer, however, they purchase the product, presents an enormous challenge,” the report concluded.

Rogue players

Responding to the report, the UK Council for Responsible Nutrition (CRN) said the contamination issues were almost exclusively due to “rogue supplement suppliers”[U2] . “The illegal supplements highlighted in this paper actually form a very small percentage of the European/UK supplement market,” CRN said All regulated consumer product industries are plagued by some common supply chain failures. Even heavily regulated industries such as the pharmaceutical industry producing drugs or medicines, and as such requiring pre-market approval, do not completely insulate against intentional adulteration or counterfeit products. In fact, globally, the counterfeit drug industry is estimated to be $200 billion annually - more lucrative than narcotics. It added: The focus in this paper, being solely on food/dietary supplements, is narrow-minded, ignoring the bigger picture and the fact that this is a much larger problem.” CRN highlighted its own technical guide to reducing and managing chemical and microbiological contaminants in supplements and their ingredients, as well as similar materials from the European Federation of Health Product Manufacturer’s (EHPM) and the International Alliance of Dietary Supplement Association’s (IADSA) as proof of the industry’s activity in the area. ---“There is a considerable amount of legislation in place to regulate food supplements within Europe, with which the responsible supplement manufacturers are in compliance,” CRN continued. ---“However, all the trade associations are in agreement that there are varying degrees of control by enforcement agencies in the individual member states and would actually welcome a more consistent enforcement of those supplying totally non-compliant products and who are thereby seriously damaging the reputation of the supplement industry.[U3]  ---The report noted Italy and Finland detected the most contaminated products, especially in sexual-enhancing or weight-loss supplements.

Source: Food And Chemical Toxicology

(2010), doi:10.1016/j.fct.2010.11.014

‘Mission impossible? Regulatory and enforcement issues to ensure safety of dietary supplements’

Petroczi, A., et al.


German court rejects use of negative EFSA cranberry opinions

Negative European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) health claim opinions cannot be used to block claims, a German court has determined. --The court rejected an injunction request to block a cranberry player from making claims, because it found that such claim-making was not invalidated merely by an EFSA opinion, if permitted under national law. --- Only when the opinions became law after member state and European Commission scrutiny and possible amendment, did the EFSA opinions become legally binding – and even then there was a six month grace period for companies to alter their marketing. The injunction applicant had based its legal argument on the fact that EFSA’s health claims panel had rejected cranberry-urinary tract infection health claim submissions from cranberry leader Ocean Spray and others-Frankfurt-based lawyer, Thomas Buttner, from the firm Forstmann, Buttner, Kruger, said the decision was significant because it affirmed that EFSA opinions were just that – opinions – and not legally binding. ----“The applicant intended to get a provision of advertising claims referring to cranberry capsules and based this application on negative EFSA opinions regarding cranberry and some applied health claims,” he told NutraIngredients. --------It was the first court action, he said, where a court had been asked to rule on the use of EFSA health claim opinions, “before the EC has published a negative regulation prohibiting the health claims on the European level and before the termination of the six month transition period.” “This is a milestone for the food industry and a significant setback for the intended misuse of EFSA opinions in court actions in Germany.”

Glucosamine stripped ---In April another German court took a different view of EFSA health claim opinions by ordering glucosamine and chondroitin products to be stripped from shelves after negative opinions from EFSA’s Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA). -In a letter that formed part of a correspondence between Dutch probiotics company, Winclove Bio Industries, and the European Commission about implementation of the NHCR, Buttner claims German firms are using EFSA opinions to attack their competitors in the courts. ---German firms have begun, he wrote, to, “misuse already published Scientific Opinions of EFSA to try to initiate court actions to prohibit all Health Claims which may have something in common with the Health Claim which was … evaluated by EFSA with a negative outcome.”

“Since the Scientific Opinions of EFSA will be published immediately all competitors, authorities and courts can use these scientific opinions for their decisions to evaluate advertising claims. In Germany this has already provoked a lot of court actions with the goal to stop certain health claims immediately.” Buttner said he knew of at least two actions in Frankfurt civil courts that had succeeded in prohibiting chondroitin and glucosamine claims being made on food supplements.


High Carb Diet Linked to Prostate Tumor Growth

ScienceDaily (Nov. 28, 2007) — A diet high in refined carbohydrates, like white rice or white bread, is associated with increased prostate tumor growth in mice.---Having too much insulin in the blood, a condition called hyperinsulinemia, is associated with poorer outcomes in patients with prostate cancer. Vasundara Venkateswaran, Ph.D., of Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in Toronto and colleagues investigated whether high insulin levels caused by eating a diet high in refined carbohydrates would lead to more rapid growth of prostate tumors in mice.--Forty mice were randomly assigned to either a high carbohydrate-high fat diet or a low carbohydrate-high fat one for nine weeks. The researchers measured the animals' weight, tumor size, and insulin levels weekly. Mice on the high carbohydrate diet gained more weight, had faster growing tumors, and had higher insulin levels than mice on the low carbohydrate diet.---"Our results provide support for the concept that diets associated with a reduction in insulin level may have benefits for prostate cancer patients, particularly for the subset of patients who are hyperinsulinemic," the authors write.---Story Source:-The above story is reprinted (with editorial adaptations by ScienceDaily staff) from materials provided by Journal of the National Cancer Institute, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS.


A Low-Carb Diet May Stunt Prostate Tumor Growth

---ScienceDaily (Nov. 14, 2007) — A diet low in carbohydrates may help stunt the growth of prostate tumors, according to a new study led by Duke Prostate Center researchers. The study, in mice, suggests that a reduction in insulin production possibly caused by fewer carbohydrates may stall tumor growth.----"This study showed that cutting carbohydrates may slow tumor growth, at least in mice," said Stephen Freedland, M.D., a urologist at Duke University Medical Center and lead researcher on the study. "If this is ultimately confirmed in human clinical trials, it has huge implications for prostate cancer therapy through something that all of us can control, our diets."---Freedland conducted most of the research for this study while doing a fellowship in urology at Johns Hopkins' Brady Urological Institute under the tutelage of William Isaacs, Ph.D., a molecular geneticist there.--The researchers hypothesized that since serum insulin and a related substance known as insulin-like growth factor (IGF) had been linked with the growth of prostate tumors in earlier research in mice, a reduction in the body's levels of these substances might slow tumor growth, Freedland said. --The researchers compared tumor growth in 75 mice that were eating either a low-carbohydrate diet, a low-fat but high-carbohydrate diet, or a Western diet, high in fat and carbohydrates.--The mice that ate a low-carbohydrate diet had the longest survival and smallest tumor size, Freedland said. --"Low-fat mice had shorter survival and larger tumors while mice on the Western diet had the worst survival and biggest tumors," he said. "In addition, though both the low-carb and low-fat mice had lower levels of insulin, only the low-carb mice had lower levels of the form of IGF capable of stimulating tumor growth."---The low-carbohydrate diet definitely had the most significant effect on tumor growth and survival, he said.---The next step will be to test the findings of this study in humans, and further examine the potential positive effects that a low-carbohydrate diet may have on tumor growth, Freedland said. --"We are planning to start clinical trials sometime next year," he said. "The results of this study are very promising, but of course much more work needs to be done."---The researchers published their results on November 13, 2007 in the online edition of the journal Prostate. The study was funded by the Department of Veterans Affairs, the Department of Surgery and the Division of Urology at Duke University Medical Center, the Prostate Cancer Foundation, and the Department of Defense Prostate Cancer Research Program. ---Other study authors include John Mavropoulos, Timothy Fields, Salvatore Pizzo and Bercedis Peterson of Duke; Amy Wang and Medha Darshan of Johns Hopkins University; William Aronson, Pinchas Cohen and David Hwang of UCLA; and Wendy Demark-Wahnefried of MD Anderson Cancer Center.---Story Source:The above story is reprinted (with editorial adaptations by ScienceDaily staff) from materials provided by Duke University Medical Center


Moderately Reduced Carbohydrate Diet Keeps People Feeling Full Longer

ScienceDaily (June 12, 2009) — A modest reduction in the amount of carbohydrates eaten, without calorie restriction and weight loss, appears to increase a sense of fullness, which may help people eat less, a preliminary study found. The results were presented at The Endocrine Society's 91st Annual Meeting in Washington, D.C.----"There has been great public interest in low-carbohydrate diets for weight loss, but they are difficult to maintain, in part because of the drastic reduction in carbohydrates," said coauthor Barbara Gower, PhD, a professor in the Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham.---In this study funded by the National Institutes of Health, Gower and her co-workers investigated whether a modest reduction in dietary carbohydrates, or "carbs," would improve feelings of fullness better than a carbohydrate level comparable to that of the typical U.S. diet.---In a standard American diet, according to Gower, 55 percent of daily calories consumed come from carbohydrates: sugars, starches and fiber.[U4]  The control diet used in their study contained 55 percent of daily calories from carbohydrates, in contrast to their "moderate-carb diet" which was 43 percent of calories from carbohydrates. The moderate-carb diet had more fat than their control diet—39 percent versus 27 percent of calories—so that protein intake could be the same percentage. The researchers matched the protein intake of both diets studied (18 percent of calories) because protein may influence both satiety ("fullness") and insulin secretion.

The authors assigned the moderate-carb diet to 16 adults and the standard diet to 14 adults for a month. Subjects received enough calories to maintain their weight at what it was before the study. During the study they were weighed each weekday, and if a participant gained or lost weight, the amount of food was modified individually so weight could stay the same. After the subjects adjusted to their diet for 4 weeks, they ate a test meal, a breakfast that was specific to their diet.--When carbs are eaten and digested, they change into sugar. Before and after the meal, the researchers measured the subjects' levels of insulin and circulating glucose (nonfasting blood sugar) and asked them to rate their hunger or fullness. They evaluated insulin response to a meal and blood sugar levels, because lower insulin and stable blood sugar levels may contribute to increased feelings of fullness, Gower explained.--Their research showed that, even in the absence of weight loss, a modest reduction in dietary carbohydrates was sufficient to lower insulin and stabilize blood sugar after a meal. Ratings of fullness were higher in the group on the moderate-carb diet before eating breakfast and stayed higher for a longer time after the meal, compared with those eating the standard diet.---"Over the long run a sustained modest reduction in carbohydrate intake may help to reduce energy consumption and facilitate weight loss," Gower said.--Paula Chandler-Laney, PhD, of the University of Alabama at Birmingham presented the study results.--Story Source: The above story is reprinted (with editorial adaptations by ScienceDaily staff) from materials provided by The Endocrine Society, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS.




Amazing how the Unilateral excuse is ongoing to deny people free and clear access to supplements---the interesting thing is that if the  "steroids" would be in the supplements they would be at a negligible level ---no where  to the point where they could make any real significant difference--and yet a doctor will prescribe these steroids to athletes ( professional or otherwise ) without any issue--the reason being is the cost---they the medical field makes money the health food industry which is owned by the pharmaseteucals makes money but not as much---the cost to load a "Supplement" would be cost prohibitive to market them this way---you would make more money through conventional means and through prescription--the other way would be to risky---and even if someone did load a supplement with a steroid ---which they did in the infancy of the Muscle Building Supplement industry---it would only be done on 1 or 2 batches due again to the cost and risk


 [U2]this again is another pile of nonsense --"rogue"  meaning Independent health food products producers who take a share of the profit marging off the big drug cartel who make the supplement end

 [U3]This is Hilarious---the idea that we want "MORE" regulations!!!!---what people really want is to make sure  that what they are buying is legitimate--dose is accurate--a potential usage as to what the product can be used for ( which by the way will never happen due to the pharmaseutical intervention )Access free and clear---the only reason they have put this there is to lull an unsuspecting public in the idea that they are consuming something with a potential problem when in fact it is the Drugs that are the problematic substances---and to reduce competition---this waya a smaller number of supplement making companies exist and cna be easily taken over by the drug cartel that sell pharmaseutical drugs "legally ".

 [U4]No Wonder there is an obesity issue---this combined with soy will blimp out people without them even knowing it







Show of the Week  December 6, 2010


The Pope's genetically modified crop dilemma


Open Letter from World Scientists to All Governments


Food cravings---What You Maybe Wanting or Needing


Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) Elicits Antinociceptive Properties and Potentiates Morphine-Induced Analgesia


Detroit's Urban Farms Could Provide a Majority of Produce for Local Residents


The Pope's genetically modified crop dilemma

Scientists have both the right and a moral duty to be "stewards of God" by genetically modifying crops to help the world's poor, scientific advisers to the Vatican said this week[U1] .----In a statement condemning opposition to GM crops in rich countries as unjustified, a group of scientists including leading members of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences is demanding a relaxation of "excessive, unscientific regulations" for approving GM crops, saying that these prevent development of crops for the "public good".----The statement was agreed unanimously by 40 international scientists after a week-long closed meeting held in May 2009 at the Vatican, convened by Ingo Potrykus. Potrykus is a member of the Pontifical Academy based at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, where he developed "golden rice", a variety engineered with extra vitamin A to prevent childhood blindness.---Although the academy has yet to officially endorse the statement, it was approved by the seven members at the meeting, including academy chancellor Marcelo Sánchez Sorondo. "The Catholic Church has 1 billion members,[U2] " says academy member Peter Raven, president of the Missouri Botanical Garden in St Louis, which once received funds from Monsanto. He adds that although this global community will never have a unified official line on GM crops, "our statement is about as close as you can get to one". 

Immaterial risks---The academy expressed provisional support for GM crops in 2000, but the scientists say that it can now back the technology with more confidence. The statement calls for a revision of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, agreed in 2000 to regulate the movement of GM organisms between countries.--It says the environmental risks envisaged when the protocol was drafted have not materialised, adding that regulatory hurdles make it too expensive for anyone other than large multinational firms to develop crops benefiting the poor, such as drought-resistant cassava and yams.---Also challenged is the objection made by critics of GM that, by messing with nature, genetic engineers are "playing God---The statement denounces as outdated many allegations made by GM critics. "There has not been a single documented case of harm to consumers or the environment,"[U3]  says Potrykus.---He and the co-authors therefore argue for relaxation of what they say are draconian regulations preventing development of crops for the poor[U4] . Potrykus says his attempts to bring golden rice to poor consumers demonstrate the scale of the problem. "It took 10 years longer and $20 million more than a normal variety to commercialise it," he says. "The time and investment required is prohibitive for any public sector institution, so the future use of this technology for the poor totally depends on reform of regulation," he says.---Anti-GM group Friends of the Earth maintains that GM crops are not the solution. "We need food and farming policies that put the needs of people before the profits of a handful of GMO companies," says campaigner Mute Schimpf.---Journal reference: New Biotechnology, vol 27, p 645

No uncertain terms

Will the Vatican back GM crops? Here are some controversial arguments from the statement

On playing God          

"New human forms of intervention in the natural world should not be seen as contrary to the natural law that God has given to the Creation."

On regulation            

"Overly stringent regulation developed by wealthy countries and focused almost exclusively on the hypothetical risks of genetically engineered crops discriminates against developing and poor countries. This has placed [them] at an unacceptable disadvantage."

On unpredictable consequences     

"The possible evolutionary risks of genetic engineering events cannot be greater than the risks of the natural process of biological evolution or of the application of chemical mutagenesis."

On opponents of GM        

"We urge those who oppose or are sceptical about the use of genetically engineered crop varieties and the application of modern genetics generally to evaluate carefully the science, and the demonstrable harm caused by withholding this proven technology from those who need it most."

On the moral case for GM crops    

"There is a moral imperative to make the benefits of genetically engineered technology available on a larger scale to poor and vulnerable populations who want them, and on terms that will enable them to raise their standards of living, improve their health and protect their environments."




Open Letter from World Scientists to All Governments Concerning Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)

Previous versions of this letter were submitted to many governments and international forums including:

Signed by 828 scientists from 84 different countries, including:

Dr. David Bellamy, Biologist and Broadcaster, London, UK
Prof. Liebe Cavalieri, Mathematical Ecologist, Univ. Minnesota, USA
Dr. Thomas S. Cox, Geneticist, US Dept. of Agriculture (retired), India
Dr. Tewolde Egziabher, Spokesperson for African Region, Ethiopia
Dr. David Ehrenfeld, Biologist/Ecologist, Rutgers University, USA
Dr. Vladimir Zajac, Oncovirologist, Genetisist, Cancer Reseach Inst, Czech Republic
Dr. Brian Hursey, ex FAO Senior Officer for Vector Borne Diseases, UK
Prof. Ruth Hubbard, Geneticist, Harvard University, USA
Prof. Jonathan King, Molecular Biologist, MIT, Cambridge, USA
Prof. Gilles-Eric Seralini, Laboratoire de Biochimie & Moleculaire, Univ. Caen, France
Dr. David Suzuki, Geneticist, David Suzuki Foundation, Univ. British Columbia, Canada
Dr. Vandana Shiva, Theoretical Physicist and Ecologist, India
Dr. George Woodwell, Director, Woods Hole Research Center, USA
Prof. Oscar B. Zamora, Agronomist, U. Philippines, Los Banos, Philippines


Open Letter from World Scientists to All Governments


We, the undersigned scientists, call for the immediate suspension of all environmental releases of GM crops and products, both commercially and in open field trials, for at least 5 years; for patents on living processes, organisms, seeds, cell lines and genes to be revoked and banned; and for a comprehensive public enquiry into the future of agriculture and food security for all.

Patents on life-forms and living processes should be banned because they threaten food security, sanction biopiracy of indigenous knowledge and genetic resources, violate basic human rights and dignity, compromise healthcare, impede medical and scientific research and are against the welfare of animals.---GM crops offer no benefits to farmers or consumers. Instead, many problems have been identified, including yield drag, increased herbicide use, erratic performance, and poor economic returns to farmers[U5] . GM crops also intensify corporate monopoly on food, which is driving family farmers to destitution, and preventing the essential shift to sustainable agriculture that can guarantee food security and health around the world --[U6] The hazards of GMOs to biodiversity and human and animal health are now acknowledged by sources within the UK and US Governments. Particularly serious consequences are associated with the potential for horizontal gene transfer. These include the spread of antibiotic resistance marker genes that would render infectious diseases untreatable, the generation of new viruses and bacteria that cause diseases, and harmful mutations which may lead to cancer.[U7] --In the Cartegena Biosafety Protocol negotiated in Montreal in January 2000, more than 130 governments have pledged to implement the precautionary principle and to ensure that biosafety legislations at the national and international levels take precedence over trade and financial agreements at the World Trade Organization[U8] . --Successive studies have documented the productivity and the social and environmental benefits of sustainable, low-input and organic farming in both North and South. They offer the only practical way of restoring agricultural land degraded by conventional agronomic practices, and empower small family farmers to combat poverty and hunger.--We urge the US Congress to reject GM crops as both hazardous and contrary to the interest of family farmers; and to support research and development of sustainable agricultural methods that can truly benefit family farmers all over the world. ------We, the undersigned scientists, call for the immediate suspension of all environmental releases of GM crops and products, both commercially and in open field trials, for at least 5 years; for patents on living processes, organisms, seeds, cell lines and genes to be revoked and banned; and for a comprehensive public enquiry into the future of agriculture and food security for all. -----

1 Patents on life-forms and living processes should be banned because they threaten food security, sanction biopiracy of indigenous knowledge and genetic resources, violate basic human rights and dignity, compromise healthcare, impede medical and scientific research and are against the welfare of animals(1). Life-forms such as organisms, seeds, cell lines and genes are discoveries and hence not patentable. Current GM techniques which exploit living processes are unreliable, uncontrollable and unpredictable, and do not qualify as inventions. Furthermore, those techniques are inherently unsafe, as are many GM organisms and products. ---

-2. It is becoming increasingly clear that current GM crops are neither needed nor beneficial. They are a dangerous diversion preventing the essential shift to sustainable agricultural practices that can provide food security and health around the world.

3. Two simple characteristics account for the nearly 40 million hectares of GM crops planted in 1999(2). The majority (71%) are tolerant to broad-spectrum herbicides, with companies engineering plants to be tolerant to their own brand of herbicide, while most of the rest are engineered with bt-toxins to kill insect pests. A university-based survey of 8200 field trials of the most widely grown GM crops, herbicide-tolerant soya beans - revealed that they yield 6.7% less and required two to five times more herbicides than non-GM varieties(3). This has been confirmed by a more recent study in the University of Nebraska(4). Yet other problems have been identified: erratic performance, disease susceptibility(5), fruit abortion(6) and poor economic returns to farmers(7).

4. According to the UN food programme, there is enough food to feed the world one and a half times over. While world population has grown 90% in the past 40 years, the amount of food per capita has increased by 25%, yet one billion are hungry(8). A new FAO report confirms that there will be enough or more than enough food to meet global demands without taking into account any yield improvementsthat might result from GM crops well into 2030 (9). It is on account of increasing corporate monopoly operating under the globalised economy that the poor are getting poorer and hungrier(10). Family farmers around the world have been driven to destitution and suicide, and for the same reasons. Between 1993 and 1997 the number of mid-sized farms in the US dropped by 74,440(11), and farmers are now receiving below the average cost of production for their produce(12). The farming population in France and Germany fell by 50% since 1978(13). In the UK, 20 000 farming jobs were lost in the past year alone, and the Prime Minister has announced a £200m aid package(14). Four corporations control 85% of the world trade in cereals at the end of 1999(15). Mergers and acquisitions are continuing.

5. The new patents on seeds intensify corporate monopoly by preventing farmers from saving and replanting seeds, which is what most farmers still do in the Third World. In order to protect their patents, corporations are continuing to develop terminator technologies that genetic engineer harvested seeds not to germinate, despite worldwide opposition from farmers and civil society at large(16).

6. Christian Aid, a major charity working with the Third World, concluded that GM crops will cause unemployment, exacerbate Third World debt, threaten sustainable farming systems and damage the environment. It predicts famine for the poorest countries(17). African Governments condemned Monsanto's claim that GMOs are needed to feed the hungry of the world: "We..strongly object that the image of the poor and hungry from our countries is being used by giant multinational corporations to push a technology that is neither safe, environmentally friendly, nor economically beneficial to us… we believe it will destroy the diversity, the local knowledge and the sustainable agricultural systems that our farmers have developed for millennia and …undermine our capacity to feed ourselves.(18)" A message from the Peasant movement of the Philippines to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) of the industrialized countries stated, "The entry of GMOs will certainly intensify landlessness, hunger and injustice.(19)"

7. A coalition of family farming groups in the US have issued a comprehensive list of demands, including ban on ownership of all life-forms; suspension of sales, environmental releases and further approvals of all GM crops and products pending an independent, comprehensive assessment of the social, environmental, health and economic impacts; and for corporations to be made liable for all damages arising from GM crops and products to livestock, human beings and the environment(20). They also demand a moratorium on all corporate mergers and acquisitions, on farm closures, and an end to policies that serve big agribusiness interests at the expense of family farmers, taxpayers and the environment(21). They have mounted a lawsuit against Monsanto and nine other corporations for monopolistic practices and for foisting GM crops on farmers without adequate safety and environmental impact assessments(22).

8. Some of the hazards of GM crops are openly acknowledged by the UK and US Governments. UK Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAFF) has admitted that the transfer of GM crops and pollen beyond the planted fields is unavoidable(23), and this has already resulted in herbicide-tolerant weeds(24). An interim report on UK Government-sponsored field trials confirmed hybridisation between adjacent plots of different herbicide tolerant GM oilseed rape varieties, which gave rise to hybrids tolerant to multiple herbicides. In addition, GM oilseed rape and their hybrids were found as volunteers in subsequent wheat and barley crops, which had to be controlled by standard herbicides(25). Bt-resistant insect pests have evolved in response to the continuous presence of the toxins in GM plants throughout the growing season, and the US Environment Protection Agency is recommending farmers to plant up to 40% non-GM crops in order to create refugia for non-resistant insect pests(26).

9. The threats to biodiversity from major GM crops already commercialized are becoming increasingly clear. The broad-spectrum herbicides used with herbicide-tolerant GM crops decimate wild plant species indiscriminately, they are also toxic to animals. Glufosinate causes birth defects in mammals(27), and glyphosate is linked to non-Hodgkin lymphoma(28). GM crops with bt-toxins kill beneficial insects such as bees(29) and lacewings(30), and pollen from bt-corn is found to be lethal to monarch butterflies(31) as well as swallowtails(32). Bt-toxin is exuded from roots of bt-plants in the rhizosphere, where it rapidly binds to soil particles and become protected from degradation. As the toxin is present in an activated, non-selective form, both target and non-target species in the soil will be affected(33), with knock on effects on species above ground.

10. Products resulting from genetically modified organisms can also be hazardous. For example, a batch of tryptophan produced by GM microorganisms was associated with at least 37 deaths and 1500 serious illnesses(34). Genetically modified Bovine Growth Hormone, injected into cows in order to increase milk yield, not only causes excessive suffering and illnesses for the cows but increases IGF-1 in the milk, which is linked to breast and prostate cancers in humans(35). It is vital for the public to be protected from all GM products, and not only those containing transgenic DNA or protein. That is because the process of genetic modification itself, at least in the form currently practised, is inherently unsafe.

11. Secret memoranda of US Food and Drug Administration revealed that it ignored the warnings of its own scientists that genetic engineering is a new departure and introduces new risks. Furthermore, the first GM crop to be commercialized - the Flavr Savr tomato - did not pass the required toxicological tests(36). Since then, no comprehensive scientific safety testing had been done until Dr. Arpad Pusztai and his collaborators in the UK raised serious concerns over the safety of the GM potatoes they were testing. They conclude that a significant part of the toxic effect may be due to the "[gene] construct or the genetic transformation (or both)" used in making the GM plants(37).

12. The safety of GM foods was openly disputed by Professor Bevan Moseley, molecular geneticist and current Chair of the Working Group on Novel Foods in the European Union's Scientific Committee on Food(38). He drew attention to unforseen effects inherent to the technology, emphasizing that the next generation of GM foods - the so-called 'neutraceuticals' or 'functional foods', such as vitamin A 'enriched' rice - will pose even greater health risks because of the increased complexity of the gene constructs.

13. Genetic engineering introduces new genes and new combinations of genetic material constructed in the laboratory into crops, livestock and microorganisms(39). The artificial constructs are derived from the genetic material of pathogenic viruses and other genetic parasites, as well as bacteria and other organisms, and include genes coding for antibiotic resistance. The constructs are designed to break down species barriers and to overcome mechanisms that prevent foreign genetic material from inserting into genomes. Most of them have never existed in nature in the course of billions of years of evolution.

14. These constructs are introduced into cells by invasive methods that lead to random insertion of the foreign genes into the genomes (the totality of all the genetic material of a cell or organism). This gives rise to unpredictable, random effects, including gross abnormalities in animals and unexpected toxins and allergens in food crops.

15. One construct common to practically all GM crops already commercialized or undergoing field trials involves a gene-switch (promoter) from the cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) spliced next to the foreign gene (transgene) to make it over-express continuously(40). This CaMV promoter is active in all plants, in yeast, algae and E. coli. We recently discovered that it is even active in amphibian egg(41) and human cell extract(42). It has a modular structure, and is interchangeable, in part, or in whole with promoters of other viruses to give infectious viruses. It also has a 'recombination hotspot' where it is prone to break and join up with other genetic material(43).

16. For these and other reasons, transgenic DNA - the totality of artificial constructs transferred into the GMO - may be more unstable and prone to transfer again to unrelated species; potentially to all species interacting with the GMO(44).

17. The instability of transgenic DNA in GM plants is well-known(45). GM genes are often silenced, but loss of part or all of the transgenic DNA also occurs, even during later generations of propagation(46). We are aware of no published evidence for the long term stability of GM inserts in terms of structure or location in the plant genome in any of the GM lines already commercialized or undergoing field trials.

18. The potential hazards of horizontal transfer of GM genes include the spread of antibiotic resistance genes to pathogens, the generation of new viruses and bacteria that cause disease and mutations due to the random insertion of foreign DNA, some of which may lead to cancer in mammalian cells(47). The ability of the CaMV promoter to function in all species including human beings is particularly relevant to the potential hazards of horizontal gene transfer.

19. The possibility for naked or free DNA to be taken up by mammalian cells is explicitly mentioned in the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) draft guidance to industry on antibiotic resistance marker genes(48). In commenting on the FDA's document, the UK MAFF pointed out that transgenic DNA may be transferred not just by ingestion, but by contact with plant dust and air-borne pollen during farm work and food processing(49). This warning is all the more significant with the recent report from Jena University in Germany that field experiments indicated GM genes may have transferred via GM pollen to the bacteria and yeasts in the gut of bee larvae(50).

20. Plant DNA is not readily degraded during most commercial food processing(51). Procedures such as grinding and milling left grain DNA largely intact, as did heat-treatment at 90deg.C. Plants placed in silage showed little degradation of DNA, and a special UK MAFF report advises against using GM plants or plant waste in animal feed.

21. The human mouth contains bacteria that have been shown to take up and express naked DNA containing antibiotic resistance genes, and similar transformable bacteria are present in the respiratory tracts(52).

22. Antibiotic resistance marker genes from GM plants have been found to transfer horizontally to soil bacteria and fungi in the laboratory(53). Field monitoring revealed that GM sugar beet DNA persisted in the soil for up to two years after the GM crop was planted. And there is evidence suggesting that parts of the transgenic DNA have transferred horizontally to bacteria in the soil(54).

23. Recent research in gene therapy and nucleic acid (both DNA and RNA) vaccines leaves little doubt that naked/free nucleic acids can be taken up, and in some cases, incorporated into the genome of all mammalian cells including those of human beings. Adverse effects already observed include acute toxic shock, delayed immunological reactions and autoimmune reactions(55).

24. The British Medical Association, in their interim report (published May, 1999), called for an indefinite moratorium on the releases of GMOs pending further research on new allergies, the spread of antibiotic resistance genes and the effects of transgenic DNA.

25. In the Cartegena Biosafety Protocol successfully negotiated in Montreal in January, 2000, more than 130 governments have agreed to implement the precautionary principle, and to ensure that biosafety legislations at the national and international levels take precedence over trade and financial agreements at the WTO. Similarly, delegates to the Codex Alimentarius Commission Conference in Chiba Japan, March 2000, have agreed to prepare stringent regulatory procedures for GM foods that include pre-market evaluation, long-term monitoring for health impacts, tests for genetic stability, toxins, allergens and other unintended effects(56). The Cartegena Biosafety Protocol has now been signed by 68 Governments in Nairobi in May, 2000.

26. We urge all Governments to take proper account of the now substantial scientific evidence of actual and suspected hazards arising from GM technology and many of its products, and to impose an immediate moratorium on further environmental releases, including open field trials, in accordance with the precautionary principle as well as sound science.

27. Successive studies have documented the productivity and sustainability of family farming in the Third World as well as in the North(57). Evidence from both North and South indicates that small farms are more productive, more efficient and contribute more to economic development than large farms. Small farmers also tend to make better stewards of natural resources, conserving biodiversity and safeguarding the sustainability of agricultural production(58). Cuba responded to the economic crisis precipitated by the break up of the Soviet Bloc in 1989 by converting from conventional large scale, high input monoculture to small organic and semi-organic farming, thereby doubling food production with half the previous input(59).

28. Agroecological approaches hold great promise for sustainable agriculture in developing countries, in combining local farming knowledge and techniques adjusted to local conditions with contemporary western scientific knowledge(60). The yields have doubled and tripled and are still increasing. An estimated 12.5 million hectares worldwide are already successfully farmed in this way(61). It is environmentally sound and affordable for small farmers. It recovers farming land marginalized by conventional intensive agriculture. It offers the only practical way of restoring agricultural land degraded by conventional agronomic practices. Most of all, it empowers small family farmers to combat poverty and hunger.

29. We urge all Governments to reject GM crops on grounds that they are both hazardous and contrary to ecologically sustainable use of resources. Instead they should support research and development of sustainable agricultural methods that can truly benefit family farmers the world over.

signed by

Dr. Dennis Smith poopy den s Afghanistan
Prof.em Calum Wright M.Phil i am a expert on the study of life none Afghanistan
Prof. Polycap Dank B.Sc science polycap research institute Angola
Prof. Adolfo E. Boy Horticulture and Sustainable Agri. Univ. Moron Chair of Inst. of Sustainble Agriculture Argentina
Alfredo Galli Agronomist Groupo de Reflexion Rural Argentina
Dr. Jorge Kaczewer M.D MD complementary medicines cientific journalism author of the book in spanish language Transgenic Risks for Human Health ECOMEDICOS Argentina
Jorge Eduardo Roulli Ecologist Groupo de Reflexion Rural Argentina
Damien Beaumont B.Sc Postgraduate student at the University of New England Armidale Australia
Peter Belbin B.Sc Land Management Consultant Tafe Australia
Dr. Graeme E. Browne General Practitioner Melbourne PSRAST Australia
Dr. Judy A. Carman Epidemiologist Flanders University Adelaide Australia
Dr. Catherine Clinch-Jones General Practitioner Adelaide Australia
Mr Sid Cowling B.Sc Environmental Biology Consultant Australia
Dr. Philip A. Davies Geneticist Adelaide Australia
Rocco Di Vincenzo M.Sc Chief Dietitian Swinburne University Hospital Australia
Prof. Horst W. Doelle Micobiologist Univ. Queensland retired Chair of International Organisation for Biotechnology and Bioengineering Director MIRCEN-Biotechnology Brisbance and Pacific Regional Network Australia
Dr. Lynette J. Dumble Medical Scientist Women's Health and Environment University of Melbourne Australia
Doug N Everingham Physician MB BS Univ Syd 1946 Ex MPs Association Australia
Angela Fehringer Anthropology Student Sydney Australia
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Dr. Richard Hindmarsh Environmental Social Scientist Univ. Queensland Australia
Margaret Jackson B.Sc. Genetics National Genetics Awareness Alliance Australia
Dr. Warren Kinne Ph.D Philosopher theologian Society of St Columban Australia
Steven Kiss B.Sc Biological/ Organic Farm Manager broad acre crops sheep cattle medicinal herbs Australia
Dr. Elmar Klucis Ph.D Biochenistry Biology Retired Australia
Keith Loveridge B.Sc Bachelor Environmental Soc Sci RMIT University Croydon Conservation Society Australia
Lisa McDonald Agronomist CRC for Sustainable Sugar Production James Cook University Australia
Michelle Mclaren Bach Nutrition and Dietetics Australia
Dr. Peter J. McMachon Plant Physiologist Genethics Australia Conservation Foundation Australia
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Dr. Paul Nelson CSIRO Land and Water PMB Australia
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Dr. Philip Stowell M.D GP working in Nutritional and Environmental Medicine n a Australia
DI Gertrude Kaffenbock Ph.D student Ph.D. candidate Agricultural Economist St. Polton Austria
Thomas Klemm Psychologist Konrad Lorenz Institute Austria
Dr. Maria G. Neunteufel Economist Vienna Austria
Muhammed Saiful Islam M.Sc Entomologist DAE Bangladesh
Golam Kibria M.Phil EcologyCultureBiodiversity UBINIG Bangladesh
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Dhirendra Panda Ph.D student MOBILISATION AND ACTIVISM the collective Bangladesh
De Beer Daniel M.Sc Lawyer Lawyers Without Borders and Vrij university Brusse Belgium
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Verstraeten Guy B.Eng have an engineering eductation in biochemistry education I have ethical objections to do work in most of the current industries and research Belgium
Pablo Servigne Ph.D agronomist engineer PhD in Biology ULB Belgium
Dr. Michel Somville Ph.D GMO s Health environmental risks GREENS EFA group in the European parliament Belgium
Els Torreele Ph.D student biotechnology Vrije Universiteit Brussels Belgium
Flavia Camargo De Oliveira Biologist UFPR Brazil
Prof. MOHAMED HABIB Ph.D 39 years of research experience Biological Control and Agro Ecolgy University of Campinas Brazil
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Prof.em Henry Becker Ph.D 7 years in applied biology 35 years teaching research in chemical engineering currently writing book on nutrition health disease Queen s University Canada
Dr Warren Bell MD Canad. Assoc. of Physicians for the Environ. Canada
Prof. emeritus Alfred M. Braxton Anthropologist Univ. British Columbia Canada
John A Brown watchdog on growing power of corporacy in our world and the world s governments lack of will stop it Education Canada
Denis Cauchon M.Sc. Ph.D. candidate Toxicology Ecole HEC Montreal Canada
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Yoon C. Chen B.Sc. DPM Podiatrist Foot Clinic Lethbridge Alberta Canada
Bert R. Christie Plant Breeding Research Scientist Agriculture and AgriFood Canada Charlotte Town Canada
Dr. E.Ann Clark Ph.D crop physiologist Plant Agriculture University of Guelph Canada
Una Coghlan nterested in securing a healthy food chain Voice of Women Canada
Prof. Alain Cuerrier Taxonomy/Botany Quebec Univ. of Montreal Canada
Prof. Joe Cummins Geneticist University of Western Ontario Canada
Prof. Edwin E. Daniel FRSC Health Science McMaster Univ. Ontario Canada
Prof. Dennis Dennis poopy none Canada
Justin Duncan B.Sc Environmental biology law and policy Queen's University Canada
Prof. Chavez Eduardo R Ph.D Animal nutrition production and mangement agricultural production systems McGill University Canada
Virginia F. Flamarique AMD Consultant Agrologist Edmonton Canada
Glenn Fletcher M.Sc Masters degree research in toxicology occupational health McMaster University Canada
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Julie Guenette M.Phil Philosophical enquiry into our relationship to nature Ottawa University Canada
Tanya Handa M.Sc. Ecologist Univ. Toronto Toronto Canada
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Aaron Jette Anthrolopogy student McGill Univ. Montreal Canada
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Dr. Gavin A. Kemp ret. Researcher Vegetable Crop Breeding Lethbridge Canada
Zorica Knezevic M.Sc Senior Consultant Environment Stantec Consulting Ltd Canada
Prof. Ronald Labonte Population Health Research Director Ontario Canada
William J. Lewis Linguist Univ. of Victoria British Columbia Canada
Prof. Abby Lippman Epidemologist & Geneticist McGill Un. Canada
Jan Martel B.Sc Student in biology University of Sherbrooke Canada
Prof. Ralph C. Martin Plant Science Nova Scotia Agricultural College Truro Canada
Prof. Dennis R. McCalla Biochemist & Geneticist emeritus McMaster University Hamilton Canada
Laura Mitchell Earth Scientist APEGBG Canada
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Dr. M. Murphy Pediatrician NAMBLA Canada
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Anna D. Noikov B.A.B.Ed. B.A.B.Ed. Wholistic Practitioner Edmonton Canada
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Steve Robak Canadian Department of National Defence Canada
Leslirae Rotor Economist consultant Ottawa Canada
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Vere Scott ecologist Canada
Dr. John Scull Psychologist University of Victoria Victoria Canada
Dr. Carolyn A. Simmerman ND.DC Docotr. Whole Health Centre Edmonton Canada
Prof. David Suzuki David Suzuki Foundation Geneticist U.B.C. Canada
Prof. Stephen Talmage Philospher (retired) Carleton University Ottawa Canada
Dr. Wee Chong Tan Ph.D 5 years of reaserch and several papers on sustainable farming and the dangers of GM foods Canadian College for Chinese Studies Canada
Mark Thompson Ph.D student Molecular Evolutionary Genetics The University of Calgary Canada
Noemi Tousignant M.Sc history of science technology and medicine Canada
Caroll Tranchant Ph.D Enseignant chercheur Sciences et technologies des aliments Canada
Dr. Pierre Turcotte Ph.D Plant breeder Canada
John B. Van Loon M.Sc. Storage Entomologist retired Canadian Grain Commission Winnipeg PSRAST Canada
Dr. Susan Walsh Ph.D Phd cultural anthropology Executive Director of NGO focussed on food security in the South USC Canada Canada
Roland Wilhelm B.Sc One who choses to think and take on problems that effect the environment Guelph Canada
Prof. R.M. Wolfson Physicist Maharishi Vedic College Ottawa Canada
Prof. Howard Woodhouse Ph.D Philosopher of Education and Co Director of Saskatchewan Process Philosophy Research Unit University of Saskatchewan Canada
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Werner Zimmermann interested informed and concerned citizen Canada
Tea Garcia-Huidobro M.Sc Biochemistry (B.Sc) and Environmental Technology (M.Sc) Chile
Diana Medel Studies on Anthropol Soc Soc Psy Member Anthroposophic Society Volunteer for Children sRights Garden s Constr Inv Med Plants Food Environm Stud ONG to supervise Children s Rights Chile
JUAN DU B.Eng civil Engineering Warwick U K China
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William Bingbin Lui Ph.D student I strongly support such an effort I think both National and International legal regimes should accept this open letter Law School Fudan Universitry Shanghai China
Elias Gomez Ph. D. student Dept. of Geology University of Cornell Colombia
Dr. Jaime E García González Ph.D Pesticides Organic Agriculture Universidad Estatal a Distancia UNED Costa Rica
Damjan Bogdanovic Ph. D. student Un Zagreb Croatia
Prof. Marijan Jost Plant Geneticist Agricultural College Krizevci Croatia
Damir Magdic Food Scientist Osijek Un Croatia
Dr. Zora Matrovic MD MD MS Vice-President Croatia Natural Law Party Croatia
Vesna Samobor M.Sc. Agricultural College Krizevci Croatia
Prof. Drasko Seman Ecologist Univ. Zagreb Medical School Croatian Man and Biosphere Committee UNESCO South Eastern Mediterranean Sea Project UNESCO Comm. Ed. & Communication INCN European Committee on Environmental Ed. IUCN Croatia
Prof Anton Svajger Un Zagreb Medical School Croatia
Prof. Valerije Vrcek Ph.D organic chemistry University of Zagreb Croatia
Dr. Vladimir Zajac Ph.D oncovirology genetics microbiology Cancer Research Institute Czechoslovakia
Henrik Westergaard Odense University Hospital Odense Denmark
Alexandra Almeida biochemist Accion Ecologica Ecuador
Dr. Elizabeth Bravo biologist Accion Ecologica Ecuador
Ziad Abdel Razak Aly Ph.D student Radar and Optic remote sensing images analysis applied on soil Université de Sherbrooke Qc Canada Egypt
Ziad Aly Ph.D student Soil survey and classification Optic and Radar Images Analysis CARTEL Université de Sherbrooke Qc Canada Egypt
Dr. Bahaa Awwad M.Sc oncology hematology bmt landguardians Egypt
Mahrous Kandil Ph.D student soil microbiology and concerning with Genetics Univ. of Minnesota (USA) Egypt
Ahmed Said Mohamed Kamel sweet corn Egypt
Dr. Mohamed Salem Ph.D Molecular Plant Pathology Biological Control Genetic Engineeering and Biotechnology Research In Egypt
Prof. Fathy Mahmoud Salem Ph.D Professor of Nematology Faculty Of Agriculture Shibin El Kom Minufiya Univ Egypt
Dr. Ehab Zayed Ph.D student tissue culture Breeding ARC FCRI CRD Egypt
Dr. Gennadi Kobzar Senior Scientist Biomedicine Institute of Chemistry Tallinn Technical Univ. Estonia
Prof. Anne Luik Ph.D Entomology plant protection Estonian Agricultural University Estonia
Sue Edwards M.Sc botanist and scientific editor lover of all life forms Institute for Sustainable Development Ethiopia
Dr. Tewolde Egziabher Agronomist Min. of the Environment Spokesperson for African Region Ethiopia
Dr. Liisa Kuusipalo Ph.D cellbiologist North Carelian Central Hospital Finland
Dr. Mark Rawlings Ph.D Astrophysicst Finland
Sylvain Allombert M.Sc. Ph.D. Student Ecology Centre National de la Recherche Scientificque Monpellier PSRAST France
Dr. Thierry Baussant Biochemist Senior Scientist Pharmaceutical Industry Bellegard France
Dr. Jean-Pierre Berlan Directeur de Recherches INR/CTESI France
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Bertrand desClers M.Sc Scientific research/Aeronautics/Conservation/Environment IGF France
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PRAT Frederic B.Sc Information about GMO Geyser France
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Dr. Jean Staune Ph.D Post Darwinian Evolutionist Interdisciplinary University Paris France
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Anwar Abo Amer Ph.D student fluorine chemistry and organometallic chemistry Duisburg Essen University Germany
Hudson Angeyo Ph.D student Physics: Analytical atomic spectroscopy and nuclear techniques in analysis University of Duisburg Germany
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Dr. Jurgen Boxberger Ph.D Cell and tissue culture ProCellula Germany
Dr. Reinald Doebel Institute of Sociology Rural and Development Soc. Westfaelische Wilhelms Univ. Germany
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Lotz Frank Wolfgang Expert in The Vedic Health System Bestselling Author Germany
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Dr. Anita Idel Author and Zoologist Op’n Dorp 17 Barsbek Germany
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Dr. Eckart Stein Physicist Univ. Regensburg Germany
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Prince K.N Nkrumah B.Sc Biochemist Development and Advocacy Foundation Ghana
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Harry Papageorgiou M.Sc Agricultural Sciences Environmental Impact Assessment Greece
Anna Gigli statistical modelling for medicine and biology national research council Greenland
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Dr. M I H Farooqi Ph.D Plant Chemist NBRI India
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Rajesh Kumar Ph.D student Vegetable Insect Pests of Lepidoptera Indian Agricultural Research Institute India
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C. Nanjunda Murthy M.Sc. Plant Scientist Karnataka India
Dr. Divyesh Nagar Ph.D organic synthetic chemistry alembic ltd India
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Dr. DR GEEVEE PANDALA M.D virologost India
Dr. Parvaiz Qazi Ph.D Recombinant DNA technology regional research laboratory canal road Jammu India
Dr. N. Raghauram Plant Molecular Biology Univ. Mumbai India
Dr. Atul Sahai Ph.D Remote Sensing GIS Specialist for Natural Resource Disaster Management HOPE Technologies India
Dr. Shreekant Sapatnekar M.D Community Medicine Haffkine Institute Mumbai India
Prof.em Thangavelu Saravanan M.Sc Scientist in organic Agriculture Agronomist NaturalResourcesProtectionAndDevelopmentSociety India
Dr. Sathan Sathan Ph.D Kill Sulthan India
Dr. Chaitanya Sathe Ph.D industrial water pollution and waste water treatment Hindustan Dorr oliver Ltd India
Dr. Bala Ravi Sekhara Pillai Ph.D Geneticist and Plant Breeder India
Sharad Shah Director of Ace natural foods Vadodara India
Devinder Sharma Geneticist Plant Breeder and Writer Forum for Biotechnology and Food Security New Delhi India
Dr. Vandana Shiva Research Institute for Science and Ecology India
Dr. Dr Shirish Shrivastava M.D Herbal and ethnobotany expert do not favour GM plmts since they disturb the local flowra SAPRC India
Dr. Dr Shirish Shrivastava M.D Herbal and ethnobotany expert do not favour GM plmts since they disturb the local flowra SAPRC India
Prof. Arun Shrivastava Management Consultant SEDEM India
Priya Srinivas M.Phil Food Science Katra Phytochem Private Ltd India
Dr. Parshotam TANDON Ph.D Entomophagous Insect Behaviour Biological Control of Crop Pests Project Directorate of Biological Control India
Prof. Thomas Tharayil Ph.D tiuiruiuiuiuiruriy India
Dr. RAMA KRISHANA THOTA M.Sc I ve done project in aqua related to pro biotics and anti biotic in ecology vesper biotech india ltd India
Dr. R.P. Upadhyay Ph.D Lecturer in Physics India
Prof.em Durga Bhushaiah Vakkapatla M.Sc VIRAL RNA can be expressed in cytosol on HIV infected T cells university of hyderabd India
Dr. Sanjay Vasoya Ph.D organic synthetic chemistry alembic ltd India
Gustav Vaz B.Sc Biothechnology India
Gustavo Vaz B.Sc Biotechnology India
Erwin Adriawan B.Sc Campaigner on Anti GMOs Biotani Foundation Indonesia
Dr. Ernawati Gender and Rural Development Institute of Rural Development Indonesia
TOTO HARA Senior Consultant Coordinator ICRD Indonesia Chamber of Resources Development Indonesia
Wasis Krisnadi forest product forest faculty GMU Indonesia
Dr. Sina Ahmadi Ph.D Bio technologits Iran
Arman Ardalan Ph.D student Molecular Evolution NIGEB Iran
Dr. Kamran Haeri M.Sc research scientist MPT Iran
Dr. Amir Jalali M.D TIM TCM Unani Ayurveda also I have created a new kind of workout called Jalali System Traditional Iranian Medicine TIM Iran
Dr. Saeid Malekzadeh M.Sc yekom Iran
Sajad Noor industrial ergineering economic asd Iran
Dr. Saeed Yadranji Aghdam M.Sc none university of tehran Iran
Prof. Sean McDonagh M.Sc I am a theologian and anthropologist I worked for over 20 years in the Philippines I have written extensively on ethics and genetic engineering catholic priest Ireland
Barry Jude McGuinness Student Of BSc Biomedical Sciences University College Cork Ireland
Iris Atzmon represent the public opinion we are not lab animals Israel
Prof. Rita Alicchio Plant Geneticist Univ. Bologna Italy
Dr. Andrea Amadei Molecular Biophysics Assistant professor Un. of Rome Tor Vergata Italy
Prof. Drago Antonino B.Sc History of Physics Bioethics Scientific Committe of Inter Univ. Center on Bioet Italy
Prof. Livia Armandi Ph.D Agronomist Italy
Dr. Ciro Aurigemma Ph.D psicologist member of csa CEU/IPV Italy
Dr. Giampiero Barbieri Ph.D Chemists GMO analysis laboratory Stazione Sperimentale Industrie Conserve Alimentar Italy
Dr. Giovanni G Bazzocchi Ph.D Entomologist Agroecologist Universita di Bologna Italy
Dr. Stefania Biondi M.Sc Plant Physiologist University of Bologna Dept. of Biology Italy
Dr. Ernesto Burgio pediatrician attac Italy
Dr. Tiziana Camorani psicologa private Italy
Paola Capozzi plant and soil ecology Italy
Dr. Ferdinando Cerbone psicologo Italy
Dr Giorgio Cingolani Agricultural Economist Italy
Dr. Alberto Clarizia M.Sc Physicist University of Naples Italy
Dr. Raffaella Comito B.Sc General Practitioner holistic medicine Italy
Dr. Immacolata Coraggio Ph.D Plant Molecular Biologist Counseil National Research Italy
Dr. Bruno D'Udine Behaviour Ecologist  University of Udine Italy
Dr. Simone De Ph.D Mathematics Combinatorics National Council of Research Italy
Prof. Adriano Decarli Cancer Epidermiology INST Univ. Milan Italy
Prof. Stefano Dumontet M.Sc soil microbiologist Universit. Basilicata Italy
Dr. Enzo Ferrara M.Sc Metrology in Chemistry IEN EURACHEM Italy
Dr. Sergio Francardo B.Sc Anthroposofical medical doctor Gruppo Medico Antroposofico Italiano Italy
Dr. Alessandro Giuliani Ph.D Biophysics Multidimensional Statistics Istituto Superiore di Sanita Italy
Elena Del Grosso Geneticist Researcher Deptl Evolutionary & Exptl. Biology Univ. Bologna Bologna Italy
Dr. Nicolas Kropacek M.D Public Health Free Lance Researcher Italy
Dr. Agostino Letardi M.Sc ecotoxicologist E.N.E.A. Italy
Prof. Ignazio Licata Full Professor of Theoretical Physics Ist Cibernetica non lineare Italy
Dr. Marco Mamone Ph.D mathematician University of Perugia Italy
Prof. Marco Mamone Capria Ph.D mathematician historian of science epistemologist University of Perugia Italy
Dr. Paolo Manzelli M.Phil Research in Education on Biochemistry LRE EGO CreaNET University of Florence Italy Italy
Dr. Bussolati Mariella M.Sc science writer Italy
Dr. Carlo Maurizio Modonesi Animal and environmental biology Università di Parma Italy
Dr. Karin Munck B.Sc comunication & science Fondazione Medikinale International Parma Italy
Prof. Valeria NEGRI Ph.D geneticist teaches 'Agricultural Genetic Resources' University of Perugia Italy
Prof. Francesco Palmirotta Ph.D psycho somatic clinicssocial work AOP Italy
Prof. Mariuccia Papa M.Sc biologist high school teacher Italy
Dr. Pietro Perrino Ph.D Plant Genetic Resources expert in collection conservation characterisation evaluation and utilasation From time to time Prof in Botany and Ecology C N R Germplasm Institute Italy
Dr. Francesca Salvemini Ph.D Biologist Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche Italy
Prof. Steven N Shore Ph.D Physicist University of Pisa Italy
Prof. Leopoldo Silvestroni Endocrinologist Univ. of Rome Italy
Dr. Francesco Spinazzola M.D infectivologist Italy
Roberto Stefani Ph.D student Student of Political Science writing final thesis on GMOs Greenpeace Italia Italy
Prof. emeritus Shingo Shibata Hiroshima University; Environmental Sociology and Biosafety Tokyo Japan
Prof. Atuhiro Sibatani Molecular Biologist Osaka Japan
Dr Shiron Sugita Plant Geneticist Nagoya U. Japan
Dr Noboru Yagishita Plant Geneticist Jap. Assoc. Agro-Nature Tokyo Japan
Dr Machiko Yasukohchi PLAN - International Japan Public Relations Team Japan
Prof. Julian BAUER Ph.D Ecologist Forest Scientist working against any GE Tree development and or planting No GEO introductions without PIC of local people GE free zones a must ECOTERRA Intl var East African Universities Kenya
Wycliffe Wanzala Ph.D student Naturalist University of Nairobi Kenya
Dr. Georges Mailliet B.Sc Pulmonologist Luxembourg
Mohd Roshdi Hassan M.Sc Smart Material university Putra Malaysia Malaysia
Al Hanisham Mohd Khalid International Law Lawyer University Utara Malaysia Malaysia
Dr. Rosli Omar Ph.D Arificial Intelligence Universiti Malaya Malaysia
Prof. Elena Alvarez Buylla Ph.D Molecular Genetics of Plant Development and Evolution UNAM Mexico
Douglas Hinds Dir Gral Center for Community and Rural Development National Coordinator for Organic Production National Confederation of Rural Property Owners Dir of Sp CeDeCoR CNPR CSNI ISHS Mexico
Prof. Andres F Keiman Ph.D student Populations Ecology and Forest Conservation Universidad de la Ciudad de Mexico Mexico
Prof. Alberto R. Miranda Biologist Environmental Public Education Cuernavaca Mexico
Rodriguez Mitchell Nemesio Anthropologist PNUD INI Mexico
Dr. Ronald Nigh Ph.D anthropology specialty in agroecology biodiversity environment; member of SNI CIESAS Mexico
Dr. Enrique Vargas Ph.D Molecualr Immunology Universidad Veracruzana Grupo L dico Mexico
Dr. Ilya Trombitsky Ph.D BIOTICA Ecological Society Moldova
Prof. Si Bennasseur ALAOUI Ph.D Organic farming and alternative crops Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II Morocco
Prof. Lahcen Kenny Ph.D Oraganic Agriculture and Horticulture IAV Hassan II Morocco
Mukti Ram Chapagain Organic agriculture Nepal Organic Agriculture Ctr NOAC Pvt Ltd Nepal
M R Chapagain Organic Suistainable Agriculture and Rural Development Nepal Organic Agriculture Ctr Nepal
Maheswar Ghimire Organic Agriculture Promotion and Inspection Ecoscentre Nepal
Prof. Jiwan Rai M.Sc biochemist nepal organic association Nepal
Prof.em Bechan Raut M.Sc Medicinal Botanist Pokhara University Nepal
David Baillie B.Sc Deep Ecologist Naturopath NZ Forest Gardening Research Harmony Farmof Harmony Farm New Zealand
Dr. Robert Anderson Physicist Nuclear Medicine Technical Institute Hamilton New Zealand
Dr. Troy Baisden Ph.D Ecosystem Science (Soil Science/Ecology) Landcare Research New Zealand
Marie Buchler M.Sc Zoology masters editor and journalist and university tutor Bio Dynamic Farming and Gardening Association New Zealand
Dr. George Coghill Software Engineering University of Auckland New Zealand
Dr. Bernard Conlon B.Sc Rural GP New Zealand
Dr. Tim Ewer Physician Mapua Health Centre Nelson New Zealand
Dr. Michael Godfrey Environmental Toxicologist General Practitioner Taura New Zealand
Brendan Hoare M.Sc Organic systems sustaianble design integrated land managment UNITEC econation2020 Orgnaic Federation of NZ New Zealand
Sigrid D. Houlette B.Sc. B.Sc. Solid Waste Manager Environmental Engineering Local Government Lower Hutt New Zealand
Jessica Hutchings Ph.D student Maori environmentalist Maori science and resource management Lecturer Faculty of Science Victoria University New Zealand
Hussila Keshaw M.Sc Molecular Biology The University of Auckland New Zealand
Dr. Peter King Ph.D Sociologist Family Centre Social Policy Research Unit New Zealand
Dr. Nick Lambrechten Consultant Revegetation Ecologist Wellington New Zealand
Dr. Shona L. Lamoureaux Plant Ecology Christchurch New Zealand
Dr. Ruth Lawson Ph.D Parasite Epidemiologist and GE Campaigner New Zealand
Helmut Lubbers M.Sc ecologist ecology discovery foundation new zealand New Zealand
Dr Robert Mann Ecologist Auckland New Zealand
Dr. Ted Ninnes Ph.D Sociology and Psychology University of Waikato New Zealand
Robin W. Ord Molecular Geneticist Law Student Hamilton New Zealand
Tara Satyanand M.Sc Molecular genetics University of Auckland New Zealand
Dr. Sean Weaver Ph.D Environmental Policy Victoria University of Wellington New Zealand
Dr Colin Wells Director of Energy Management Dept of Physics University of Otago New Zealand
Katharine White I am an experienced artist and G E Free H B N Z campaigner I am and have been in the position to put my graphic expertise to use in the cause of the planet T L C Wellington and E I T Hawke s Bay New Zealand
Dr Peter R Wills Theoretical Biology Univ. Auckland New Zealand
Prof. Leong Yap Ph.D Ergonomist Industrial Designer Massey University New Zealand
Dr. Emmanuel AFOLABI Ph.D come and be healed physiotherapy and ecology Nigeria
Dr. Azeez Bolaji Odewenu M.Sc National association of science students Nigeria
Dr Ingrid Olesen Senior Research Scientist Institute of Aquaculture Res. Ltd Norway
Dr. Lars Rasmussen MD MD General Practitioner Univ. Oslo Mesnali Norway
Prof. Terje Traavik Virologist University of Tromso Norway
Dr. Hussain Ahmad M.Sc fermentation sold state fermentation koji university of veterinary and animal sciences lahor Pakistan
Dr. Obaid Ali M.Phil Bioavailabilitiy and Pharmacokinetic studies Govt of Pakistan Pakistan
Prof. Muhammad Bilal M.Sc research work on maize mmri yusafwala sahiwal pakistan Pakistan
Dr. Shakeel Farooqi Ph.D Genetics University of Karachi Pakistan
Muhammad Imran Imran Biochemist damask_786 Pakistan
Farhat Jabeen Jabeen B.Sc biotech biotech Pakistan
Prof. Omer Khayyam M.Sc food research programe food research Pakistan
Dr. Washdev Malhi Ph.D student whole soules and mind control jai ma jee Pakistan
Sajjad Naqvi M.Sc University of Karachi Pakistan
Dr. Mian Qaseem Ph.D Nuclier Magnetic Resonance Retired Educational Adviser Govt of Pakistan Pakistan
Dr. Tasneem Rizvi Ph.D Molecular Biophysics. PCSIR Laboratories Complex Lahore PAKISTAN. Pakistan
Madiha Saeed Rizvi B.Sc Deptt of Biotechnology Univerity of Karachi Pakistan
Dr. Naveed Yusuf M.Phil veterinarian university of veterinary and animal sciences lahor Pakistan
Prof.em Eric Jimenez Ph.D none Aquatic Panama
Ethel Japeth B.Sc none police Savings & Loan Papua New Guinea
Dr. Sergio Barrio Tarnawiecki Science Policy National Research Council of Lima Peru
Prof.em Pedro Angco Jr H2O limpyobaybay founder Philippines
GEONATHAN BARRO Doing Anti GMO campaigns coordinates with other NGOs on our Anti GMO GE stand KALITAWHAN WORKING GROUP ON BIODIVERSITY Philippines
GEONATHAN BARRO Coordinator Coordinates with NGOs POs and other Organizations on Anti GMO campaigns and other related issues and concerns KALITAWHAN WORKING GROUP ON BIODIVERSITY Philippines
Paterno Borlagdan M.Sc Agricultural Engineer Filipino Inventors Society Philippines
Javier M Claparols Agriculture Rice Sugar Aquaculture Milkfish Bangus shrimp Businessman Ecologist Ecological Society of the Philippines Philippines
Antonio M CLAPAROLS M.Sc Ecologist farmer marine and terrestial biodiversity economics Ecological Society of the Philippines Philippines
Johnny Danganan B.Sc lay out artist in publications Sustainable Agriculture advocate Philippines
Dr. Clint ESco Ph.D student Expert in psychology concerning students PICHES and PIDO Philippines
Dr. Pamela G. Fernadez Agronomist U. Philippines Los Banos Philippines
Delilah Galang B.Sc Natural Therapy Consultant Cancer Council Philippines
Dr. Richard Kharpungal Ph.D Agronomist U Philippines Philippines
Prof. Mark Erick Magbanua Ph.D student no Philippines
Prof. Mark Erick Magbanua M.Sc metro manila Philippines
Ben Malayang University of Philippines Los Banos Laguna Philippines
FRANCIS MORALES M.Phil Advocacy Officer of MASIPAG Mindanao MASIPAG Philippines
Charles T. Olsen D.C. Chiropractic Clinic Davao Clinic PSRAST Philippines
Prof. Marlon Pareja Ph.D student Cell and Molecular Biology Wildlife Conservation Society of the Philippines Philippines
Nicanor Perlas B.Sc Agricultural Scientist and Ecologist Sustainable Agriculture Specialist Center for Alternative Development Initiatives Philippines
Dr. Romeo F. Quijano Pesticide Action Network Pharmacologist/Toxiologist Philippines
Dr. Dante Jr Simbulan Ph.D Neurophysiology De La Salle University Health Sciences Campus Philippines
Dr. Jaime A Sison Animal Nutrition and Feed Milling Aqua Ace Nutrition Inc Philippines
Dr. MARVIN UMALI M.D pediatrician doctors of the philippines Philippines
Prof. Oscar B. Zamora Agronomist U. Philippines Los Banos Philippines
Prof. Joel Mckevin Zamora Ph.D b s of s and t psu Philippines
Dr. Szymczyk Ryszard Ph.D methodology of cultivar testing wildlife conservation Poland
Prof. Vicinzineddu Itunculu M.D biochemistry portug univrsity Portugal
Rui Pereira M.D General Practice Portugal
Prof. Clara Queiroz Ph.D Geneticist Retired University of Lisboa Portugal
Teresa Silva Ph.D student Coconut Portugal
Dr. Margarida Silva Molecular Biologist Portuguese Catholic Univ. Portugal
Dr. Franciso J.C.M. Teixeira Researcher Geophysics Geological and Mining Institute Lisbon Portugal
Fatima C. Teixeira Researcher Marine Geology Lisbon Portugal
Carlos Altieri M.Sc Toxicity and pesticides in water Health Environmental Department Puerto Rico Puerto Rico
Nelson Alvarez JD Sociologist and Lawyer Agriculture and development consultant Puerto Rico
Dr. Clara Carrasco Ph.D Molecular Biology and Genetics Puerto Rico
Dr. Shridhar Devidas Ph.D Basically an Ecologist turned environmental management system specialist advocating sustainable resource use among the industires Bureau Veritas Qatar
Dr. Joseph Mezei M.D quantum medicine Medical Center Tongtian Romania
Prof. Vladimir Kuznetsov Ph.D Plant Physiology and Biochemistry Institute of Plant Physiology RAS Russia
Dr. Ali Mohammed Ph.D Chief executive officer Companies Saudi Arabia
Prof. WAIL SALAH B.Sc BIOTECH Saudi Arabia
Prof. Vladimir Ajdacic Ph.D nuclear physics carcinogenecity none retired Serbia
Peter Sevich Ph.D student Serbia
Glenn Ashton Director Ekogaia Foundation and Green Party South Africa
Dr. Brigitte N.B. Schwabe-Berg Medical Officer Groote Schuur Hospital Cape Town South Africa
Ben Van Der Walt Director in Nutritional Advisory Forum Agree on the concern of Genetically Manipulated Food GNLD South Africa
Nicole Venter The Southern Health Ecology Institute SHAE Institute South Africa
Dr. SangSoo Hur Ph.D Lecturer Sociology of Science and Technology Sungkonghoe University South Korea
Prof. Suk Hwan Kim Ph.D Sociology of Science and Technology Kookmin University South korea
Bingbin LU International Law Transnational Law and Business University TLBU South Korea
Dr Gregorio Alvar Biotechnologist.  Computense U. Madrid Spain
Javier Blasco Aragonese Ctr for Rural European Information Spain
Prof. F. Pura Duart-Soler Sociology Univ. Valencia PSRAST Spain
Prof. Ernest Garcia Ph. D. Ph. D. Sociology Univ. Valencia Dept. Sociologia I Antropologia Social Valencia Spain
ANDRES MAGANA B.Eng electronic instrumentation escorial sostenible Spain
Andres Magana Garcia B.Sc world heritage freelance consultant escorial sostenible Spain
Dr. Pablo Malo Psychiatrist Consultant Mental Health Center Bilbao Spain
Jose Ramon Olarieta Ph.D Soil Science Agriculture Land use Universitat de Lleida Spain
Dr. Rosario Sierra De Grado Ph.D Forest geneticist University of Valladolid Spain
Dr. Jagath Perera B.Eng electrical engineering uom SriLanka Sri Lanka
Adil Hassan Ahmed Abdelmageed Ph.D student Breeding of vegetable crops Vegetable Physiologist and researcher and lecturer University of Khartoum Sudan Sudan
Dr. Kamal El Siddig Ph.D Tree eco physiologist Sudan
Dr. Isameldeen Khair Ph.D Education and training Sennar University Sudan
Dr. Balgis Osman Elasha Ph.D Environmentalist Higher Council for Environment Natural Resources Sudan
Dr. Bo Dahlin Education Science Karlsbad University Karlsbad Sweden
Folke G Nther Ph.D student Sustainability issues and Ecological Engineering Systems Ecology Sweden
Prof. Every N. Gummesson Management Stockholm Univ. PSRAST Sweden
Folke Gunther Ph.D student Sustainability issues and Ecological Engineering Systems Ecology Sweden
Said O. Holmin Lic. Technology Rector Computer Science College of Creative Computer Science Stockholm Sweden
Dr. Katarina Leppanen History of Ideas  Gothenburg Uni Sweden
Dr. Jaan Suurkula Physician Physicians and Scientists for Responsible Assessment of Science and Technology Stockholm Sweden
Dr. Daniel Amman Cell Biologist  Tech. Switzerland
Dr. Charles Beard M.D General Practitioner CNBPharma Switzerland
Dr. Ruth Goseth Dermatologist ISDE Switzerland
Florianne Koechlin Biologist World Wildlife Fund Switzerland
Dr. Nicole Maestracci Beard Ph.D Microbiologist Virologist Immunologist Serono International Switzerland
Yvan Maillard dipl. Sc. Nat. ETH Environementalist Ecology Fribourg PSRAST Switzerland
Yves Schatzle Agronomist and Economist Switzerland
Verena Soldati Biotechnologist Basler Appell Switzerland
Dr. KuoChi Yeh M.D Geriatric Publich Health and Hospital Administration medical legal Taipei City Hospital Zhongxing Branch Taiwan
Arend De Haas M.Sc Conservation Ecologist African Conservation Foundation Tanzania
Dr. William Kisinza Ph.D Epidemiology Public Health Specialist National Institute for Medical Research Tanzania Tanzania
Acleus Rutta M.Sc Immunologist National Institute For Medical Research Tanzania
Dr. Peter Burt Ph.D Water Quality Management Prince of Songkla university Thailand
Dr. Jidbhong Jayavasu Ph.D Medical Virologist Arogya Smasai Thailand
Prof. Omboom Luanratana Pharmacologist Univ. of Mahedol Bangkok Thailand
Piengporn Panutampon biology/medical biology Biothai (Thai Network on Community & Biodiversity) Thailand
Prof. Reungchai Tansakul Ph.D Biologist Prince of Songkla University Thailand
Lianchamroon Witoon Sustainable agriculture Biothai Thailand
Jaroen Compeerapap Environmental Law and Development Center The Netherlands
Jaap Hamers M.Sc Ecologist The Netherlands
Tedje Van Asseldonk M.Sc biology phytotherapy inst f ethnobotany zoopharmacognosy The Netherlands
Dr. Siirsel Tas Dizdar Ph.D Radiation Oncology Turkey
Prof. KANYANDAGO Peter Ph.D Expert and researcher in endogenous knowledge and African cultures Uganda Martyrs University Uganda
Dr. Michael L. Abrahams (retired) Aeronautics Bristol PSRAST UK
Maryam Al Alami Ph.D student Science in Society civic and stakeholder participation GM food law Manchester Metropolitan University UK
Michael Alexander M.Phil Theoretical Physics UK
Chris Anthony B.Sc Qualified amateur UK
Janey Antoniou M.Sc Molecular Biologist UK
Dr. Michael Antoniou Molecular Geneticist Guy's Hospital UK
Paula F. Baillie-Hamilton Academic Researcher on Pesticides Perthshire UK
Dr. Susan Bardocz Geneticist Aberdeen UK
Dr. Jeremy Bartlett Plant Molecular Geneticist (formerly John Innes Institute) UK
Manoel Bascoi Geneticist PhD Candidate JII UK
Dr. David Beasley Genetic Algorithm University of Bath UK
Dr. David Bellamy Biologist and Broadcaster London UK
Lynda Birke Biologist Liverpool Uni. Veterinary School UK
Dr. David A.H. Birley General Medical Practitioner Swindon UK
Sarah Blenkinsop B.Sc Environmental Consultant/Campaigner/Organic grower Planet Services Environmental Consultancy UK
Gerard C. Bodeker Ed. D. Senior Clinical Lecturer in Public Health Univ. Oxford Medical School UK
Dr. Jeffrey Boss Cell Biologist Dept. of Physiology Bristol University UK
Sophie H. Bown Ph.D. Candidate Zoology Manchester Univ. UK
Paul Breslaw Computer Scientist Consultant Financial Research Forest Row UK
Dr. Allan Britton Ph.D Environmental Health and Safety UK
Prof. Roy Butterfield DSc.DIC CEng. MICE MIStruct.E. Civil Engineer Southampton UK
Dr. Alessandra Cavalletti Ph.D Research Associate Imperial College STM UK
Maureen Childs B.Sc Internet Developer British Computer Society UK
Emma Churchman B.Sc Social Scientist UK
Dr. Janet Cotter-Howells Environmental Geochemist Lecturer in Soil Science Aberdeen University UK
Dr. Stephen Cross Molecular Population Geneticist Birmingham University UK
Dr. Alan Currier Taxonomist IRBV UK
Gordon Daly Ph. D. student Gene Therapist Kennedy Inst. London UK
Stuart Daly Ph. D. student Transgenic group Charing Cross Hosp. UK
Dr. Yuliya Demydchuk Ph.D Molecular biology of producers of antibiotics Cambridge university UK
Dr. Mike Dodd Ecologist Open University UK
Prof. Jane Eberlynne M.Sc enviromental studdies conscerning health erzats peace co. UK
Tom Fox Amateur neurology biochemistry psychology sociology and philosophy enthusiast UK
Joseph A. Gari Marie Curie Research Fellow Political Ecology University of Oxford UK
Dr. Mike Gillman Ecologist Open University UK
Dr. Alassandro Gimona Research Scientist Ecology MLURI Aberdeen UK
Edward Goldsmith Editor The Ecologist London UK
Zac Goldsmith Editor The Ecologist London UK
Prof. Brian Goodwin Biologist Schumacher College UK
Lale Gurel Bec. Manager Nature – Macmillan Publishers London UK
Adrian Haffegee B.Eng B.Eng Electronic Engineer UK
Julian Haffegee M.phil Biophysicist Institute of Science in Society UK
Dr. Keith H. Halfacree Univ. Lecturer Geography Univ. of Wales Swansea UK
Dr. John E. Hammond Engineer Highfield UK
Dr. David J Heaf Biochemist Wales UK
Dr. Marion Hersch Assistive Electonic Technologies Dept. Electronics & Electrical Engineering Univ. Glasgow Glasgow Scotland UK
Dr. Mae-Wan Ho Geneticist and Biophysicist Open University UK
Dr. Caroline Hoffmann Ph.D Ecotoxicologist Centre for Human Ecology UK
Patrick Holden Director Soil Association UK
Dr. Vyvyan Howard Toxipathologist U. Liverpool UK
G. D. Humphreys M.Sc technologist aerodynamics UK
Gerald Humphreys B.Sc Aerodynamics Operational Research Information Technology Hemel hempstead GM action group UK
Dr. Brian Hursey ex FAO Senior Officer for Vector Borne Diseases Neath UK
Prof. Tim Ingold Anthropologist University of Aberdeen UK
Lorna Jackson M.Sc Ecology soil science HDRA the organic organisation UK
Magnus L. Johnson School of Science & Management U.C. Scarborough UK
Peter Preston Jones MSc Environomental Campaigner UK
Dani Kaye M.Sc. Scientists for Global Responsibility London UK
David Kaye M.Sc. Scientists for Global Responsibility London UK
Dr J. M. Kerr Bioethics Winchester College: Oxford U. UK
Dr. Philip Kilner Cardiac Imaging Specialist Royal Brompton Hospital UK
Prof. Richard Lacey Microbiologist Leeds UK
Dr. Jonathan R. Latham Molecular Virologist previously JII and Genetics Dept. Wisconsin-Madison Univ. Exeter UK
Dr. Colin L.A. Leakey Plant Geneticist Cambridge UK
Chris Lucas MIMIS Complexity Scientist CALResCo UK
Dr. Paul Marchant Ph.D Chartered Statistician UK
Jan Martinez social visionary holistic entrepreneur Just Rural Development Trust S W E N UK
Dr. Joan Mason Chemist Cambridge UK
Druvananda Mauree B.Sc graphic designer school of design UK
Dr. Alan Mayne Statistician Scientists for Global Responsibility London UK
Darl N. Middleton Ph. D. student Environ. Science Dept. Civil Engineering Univ. Manchester UK
Dr. Erik Millstone Science & Techology Policy Research Sussex Univ. Brighton UK
Patrick Mulvany C Biol Food Security Policy Adviser specialising in Agricultural Biodiversity Intermediate Technology Development Group (ITDG) UK
Dr. Harash Narang Pathologist BSE expert UK
Dr. Eva Novotny Astrophysicist Univ. Cambridge (retired) UK
Prof. Bob Orskov Ph.D Animal nutrition Rural development in developing countries macaulay research Institute UK
Dr. David Packham Material Scientist U. Bath UK
Nicholas Papadimitriou M.Sc conservation and eco philosophy Institute of science in society UK
Dr. Barnaby Peacocke Ph.D Agricultural Science International Development ITDG UK
Fatima Pelica Biochemist PhD Candidate JII UK
Marcus Petz B.Sc Biology/Geology Environmental Politics UK
George Pilkington M.Sc Countryside management UK
Dr. Michel Pimbert Agricultural Ecologist International Institute for Environment and Development London UK
Dr. Robert C. Poller Organic Chemist U. London UK
Michael Pooler A Level Biology Student human relations People Of The Earth UK
Dr. Malcolm Povey Ph.D Food Scientist Reader in Food Physics University of Leeds UK
Dr. Ronald Press Ph.D Chemical engineer UK
Bala Puspa UK
Prof. Arpad Pusztai Biochemist Formerly from Rowett Institute UK
Dr. Jerry Ravetz Philosopher of Science London UK
Dr. Irene Ridge Biologist Open University UK
Dr. Barry T. Rubin Physical/Electro Chemist Director Davis-Rubin Associates Ltd Northhants UK
Dr. Barry T Rubin Ph.D Physical Electro Chemistry Business Consultant CD DVD Replication for Business Davis Rubin Associates Ltd UK
Angela Ryan Molecular biologist Open Univ. UK
Dr. Jean A.D. Saunders BDS BDS LDS RCS Dental Surgeon (retired) Faringdon UK
Prof. Peter Saunders Biomathematician U. London UK
Dr. Wendy Seel Ph.D Plant Sciences University of Aberdeen UK
Martin Shaw Geneticist UK
Dr. Ellis Snitcher M.D Teaching and research in integrative medicine Middlesex University UK
Dr. Peter Sollich Theoretical Physics Dept. Mathematics King’s College London UK
Vanessa Spedding M.Phil science and science policy journalism None UK
Dr. Gesa Veterinarian Toxicologists U. Liverpool UK
Prof. Ian Stewart Biomathematics U. Warwick UK
Dr. Gene S. Thomas Agriculturist UK
Simone Turchetti Ph.D student History of Science Technology and Medicine CHSTM UK
Dr. Margaret J. Tyson Glossop PSRAST UK
Dr. Rob Verkerk Ph.D Sustainable agriculture and health UK
Dr Tom Wakeford Biologist U. of East London UK
Barry Weir B.Sc Physics Engineering OGL HMAF UK
Martyn Wells Astronomer UK Astronomy Technology Centre Edinburg UK
Barbara Wood-Kaczmar M.Sc. Science writer UK
Julian Wootton Conservationist London UK
Dr. Karen Wren University teacher Geography St. Andrews Univ. St. Andrews Fife UK
Linda Yeodal B.Sc MNIMH Medical Herbalist UK
Dr. JOHN ZARB Ph.D Small scale farming systems Senior Research Fellow Newcastle University NEWCASTLE UNIVERSITY UK
Dr. Grygoriy Petjuch Ph.D Ecology genetics Institute of Agroecology and Biotechnology Ukraine
Dr. Maulud Betaieb Ph.D environmental microbiology managment United Arab Emierates
Nelson Alvarez JD Sociologist and Lawyer Agriculture and development consultant Uruguay
Dr. Rayane Abusabha Senior Research Associate Department of Nutrition College of Health and Human Development Penn State University USA
Prof. Miguel A. Altieri Environment Science Policy and Management Univ. Calif. Berkeley USA
Ruth Alviola Posadas M.Sc Aquaculturist State Food Safety Officer MS DMR USA
Biff Appia autism USA
Dr. Catherine Badley Biologist University of Michigan USA
Dr. Britt Bailey Senior Researcher CETOS Ca USA
Prof. Phil Bereano Council for Responsible Genetics U. Washington USA
Prof. Stephen Bialkowski Ph.D Analytical Environmental Chemistry Department of Chemistry Utah State University USA
Andrew Bigler Infrared Systems USA
Dr. Walter Bortz Physician Palo Alto USA
Dr. Douglas H Boucher Ecologist Hood College USA
Nancy Brokaw M.Sc Identifying and treating disease through organic whole food Nutrition Foundation for Nutritional Therapy and Application USA
Nancy Brokaw Gerchak M.Sc Dedicated to finding Causes rather than treating SYMPTOMS of disease researcher CRA Practitioner Holistic Healthcare Consultant Foundation for Nutritional Therapy and Application USA
Claire Cabeza M.Sc Envionmental Scientist W.A.T.E.R.S. for Salmon People USA
Dr. Neil J. Carman Clean Air Program Director Sierra Club Austin Texas USA
Ricardo Carvajal Ph.D student agricultural ecology University of Michigan USA
Liane Casten M.Phil M.Phil journalist and author on food pesticides public policy public health etc. Chair Chicago Media Watch USA
Prof. Liebe F. Cavalieri Mathematical Ecology Evolution and Behaviour Univ. Minnesota St. Paul USA
Claire Caveza M.Sc Project leader for Chum Salmon genetic sampling fisheries biologist for Native American tribe in the Pacific NorthWest W.A.T.E.R.S. for Salmon People USA
Vijaykumar V.C. Chalasani MS Consultant East Brunswick USA
Dr. Ignacio Chapela Microbiologist & Ecologist U.C. Berkeley USA
Dr. Frederick Cichocki Ph.D Ecologist Graves Museum of Natural History USA
Kristin Cobelius M.Sc. Student M.Sc. Student U. Michigan USA
Dr. Alan Connor Ph.D Ph D in Communty Planning Development Univ Of Mich Practiced in Zambia and the U S Taught at Univ of Mich and Headed program at Siena Heights College Friends Committee on Unity with Nature Democratic USA
Dr. Martha Crouch Biologist Indiana University USA
Jill Davies Stream Ecologist Organic Farmer Montana USA
Dr. Carolyn F.A. Dean MD ND MD ND Consultant Integrative Medicine Holeopathic Pharmakeia NY USA Board of Women for a Safe Future USA
Tricia Deane Certified Organic and nonGMO Food Supplier USA
Burgess Dillard Natural Scientist Self USA
Earth Duarte Trattner Ph.D student Social and Ecological Impacts of Biotechnology UC Berkeley USA
Dr. Chris Duffield Ph.D Visiting scientist Stanford University USA
Dr. David Ehrenfeld Biologist/Ecologist Rutgers University New Jersey USA
Mr Irucka Embry Studying civil and environmental engineering and Spanish University of Tennessee student USA
Andrew Epstein B.Sc Environmental Policy/planning sustainable development The Nature Conservancy USA
Dr. Samuel Epstein School of Public Health Univ. Illinois Chicago USA
Juiet S Erazo Ph. D. student PhD student U. of Michigan USA
Sanek Erem USA
Sanekus Erem USA
Prof. John B. Fagan Maharishi University of Management Fairfield Iowa USA
Dr. Don Fitz Research Psychologist and Editor Synthesis/Regeneration: A Magazine of Green Social Thought USA
Dr. Ty Fitzmorris Ecologist Hampshire College USA
Dr Michael W Fox Veterinarian & Bioethicist Washington DC USA
Dr. Chris Francovich Ph.D Learning Through Participation Practice Lightfiled Inc USA
Cynthia A. Frye FS/MS Student Biology Univ. Texas Medical Branch USA
Prof. John Garderineer Biologist U. Michigan USA
Dr. Barbara K. Given Faculty Researcher George Mason Univ. Fairfax USA
Dr. Jay L. Glaser MK Medical Director Maharishi Ayurveda Medical Center Lancaster USA
Dr. Parameswaran Gopikrishnan Ph.D Financial Enginner Physicist USA
Panatey Great Company inc USA
Dr Herve Grenier Atmospheric Sciences and Climate Change Univ. Washington USA
Dr. Don Hall Ph.D Intermolecular adiabatic bioag marine Bear Creek Research USA
Dr. Gayle Robin Hamilton Assoc. Prof. Centre for the Advancement of Public Health Fairfax VA USA
Rev. Dorothy A. Harper Biotethics Washington USA
Maria Harrington currently working on my Masters of Science in Nutrition at Bastyr University USA
Prof.em Kristi Harris B.Sc plant molecular biology murray state USA
Paul C. Helgeson BSME Senior Engineer Middleton WI USA
Gosha Hello Company inc USA
Prof. Martha Herbert Pediatric Neurologist Mass. Gen. Hosp. USA
Patrick Hickey Ph.D Resource renewability and quality of life Sedona Recycles USA
Daniel J. Highkin Internist Vancouver Washington USA
Dr. Joseph Hilou Clinical Nutrition Chiropractic USA
Dale Hoover Organic food eater USA
Heidi Horn interested in what i eat sebastian USA
Prof. emeritus John Hotchkiss Ph.D Ethnography of Indigenous Botanical Systems USA
Dr. Paul Houle Ph.D Theoretical Physics USA
Dr. Philip H Howard Ph.D Rural Sociology Rural Coalition Washington DC USA
Prof. Ruth Hubbard Biologist Harvard University USA
Andrew J. Hund Sociologist Arcata USA
Panatey I Like Your Site Company inc USA
Alex Jack Planetary Medicine Jushi Institute Becket Mass USA
Soraya Jacob student USA
Eric Jacobson Ph.D Medical anthropologist Dept. of Social Medicine Harvard Medical School USA
Dr. Michael Janson General Practitioner Nutrition Cambridge USA
Emile C Joel B.Sc Research Chemist Retired Smithsonian Institution USA
Robert W. Johnson Material Scientist DSM Desotech Elgin Illinois USA
Christine Johnston Ph.D student oncology USA
Dr. Gary P. Kaplan Assoc. Prof. Neurology North Shore Univ. Hosp. NYU School of Medicine Mass USA
Dr. Arlene M. Kellman D.O. Physician Tucson USA
Prof. Jonathan King Molecular Biology MIT Cambridge Council for Responsible Genetics USA
Rev Thomas Klein Orthodox Priest USA
Dr Jack Kloppenburg Un. Wisconsin Rural Sociologist USA
Heidei A. Kratsch R.D./Graduate Student Plant Physiology Univ. Wisconsin USA
Dr. Louis H. Krut MK CHB.:MD St. Louis Univ. Medical School Missouri USA
U.V. Kutzli Ph. D. student U of Michigan USA
Dr. Marc Lappe Geneticist and Director CETOS Ca USA
Dr. Chris Lawrence Ph.D Extensive work in science education outside the box USA
Prof. Mark X M Lei Plant genomics and breeder in rice and kenaf University of California Chinese Alumni Associatio USA
Prof. Xiaomao Lei Research and Education in agricultural sciences University of California Chinese Alumni Associatio USA
Dr. Herman Lerner M.D Nutritionally oriented physician USA
Dr. Barry Lia Ph.D sustainable agriculture USA
David Lindley USA
Sean Lyman Student Gettysbury College USA
A J Maimbourg Keen desire to see GM foods banned due to potential health problems USA
Dr. Timothy Mann Geographer Hampshire College USA
Hugh Mann non pharmaceutical health education organicMD org USA
Anne-Marie Mayer Ph. D. student Nutrition Cornell Univ. USA
Christine McCullum Ph. D. student Nutritional Sciences Cornell University USA
Lynn V. McIndoo Student Environmental Resources Engineering Humboldt State Univ. Arcata USA
Dr. Dwight McKee M.D Am Board of Int Med certified in Internal Medicine Medical Oncology and Hematology Strong background in clinical nutrition immunology and holistic med USA
Vuejuin McKersen M.Sc Natural Resource Manager U. Michigan USA
Dr. Joan P Mencher Ph.D Culturao Anthropologist work on issues of agriculture including sustainable agriculture primarily in India Involved in fights against GMOs and issuesof the co Lehman College of CUNY and CUNY graduate Center USA
Dr. Stephen L. Mikesell Anthropology and Political Ecology Univ. Wisconsin Madison USA
Dr. Bill Misner Ph.D Nutrition E CAPS Inc USA
Leuren Moret Ph.D student Independent Scientist expert in radiation and public health Past President Association for Women Geoscientist USA
Dr. Usha Mukhtyar M.D. Consultant Gynecology Obstetrics Bronx New York USA
Elaine Needham illustrator researcher writer speaker none USA
Prof.em JB Neilands Ph.D Professor of Biochemistry Univ Calif Berkeley USA
Prof. Stuart A. Newman Developmental Biology New York Medical College Valhalla New York USA
Panatey Nice To See Your Site Is Being Updated Company inc USA
Lena S Nicolai Ph. D. student University of Michigan USA
Dr. Ingrid C. Northwood Biochemist Simon Fraser University USA
Dr. Ronald E. Openshaw Adjunct Faculty Geology Physics Maharishi University of Management Fairfield USA
Trina Paulus food issues sculpture writing Hope For the Flowers USA
Marial Peelle Biol./Anthropologist Undergrad. Swarthmors College USA
Dr. Ivette Perfecto Associate Professor, School of Natural Resources and Environment University of Michigan USA
Dr. Ilya Sandra Perlingieri Ph.D author The Uterine Crisis 2003 independent scholar USA
Chris Picone M.Sc. Soil Microbiologist U. Michigan USA
John Pierne B.Sc Concerned Citizen USA
William Pizer Many years as an organic farmer Schoharie Certified Organic Hydroponic Greenhouses USA
Dr. Vasiliki Plerou Ph.D Physics USA
Dr. Gregory Pratt Ph.D Air pollution Minnesota Poll Contr Agncy Univ of Minnesota USA
Dr. James W Prescott Ph D Ph.D Developmental Neuropsychologist Cross Cultural Psychologist See www violence de Institute of Humanistic Science USA
Linda Prout M.Sc nutrition writer speaker consultant Lifehift USA
Dr. Caros R Ramirez Biologist St Lawrance University USA
Prof. Philip J. Regal Dept. Ecology Evolution and Behavior Univ. Minnesota St. Paul USA
Corinna Richards Ph.D student sociologist (health and biotechnology) AmbiguousMedia USA
Prof. R.H. Richardson Professor of Integrative Biology University of Texas Austin USA
Claudia Riumallo Mother concerned about her children future health Mother USA
John Robb permaculture USA
Dr. Susan L. Roberts MSRDLD Health and Nutrition Sue Roberts Health Concepts USA
Annika Rockwell Certified Nutritionist Consultant RockwellNutrition com USA
James Rose Ceptual Institute USA
Dr. Peter M. Rosset Ins. for Food and Development Policy USA
Prof. Philip B. Rudnick Emeritus Chemistry West Chester Univ. Pennsylvania PSRAST USA
Dr. Arthur Rybeck D.D.S. Dentistry and Organic Farmer Wheeling USA
Dr. Elizbet Sahtouris Biologist & Author USA
Dr. Elisabet Sahtouris Ph.D evolution biologist futurist Living Systems Design USA
Dr. Barnett Salzman M.D 30 yrs of medical research expertise public health board cert psychiatrist USA
Thomas J. Saunders Student Environmental Science Humboldt State Univ. Arcata USA
Dr. Stephen Scanlan Ph.D Global inequalities international development and food security University of Memphis Department of Sociology USA
Dr. Derek Scholes Ph.D Geneticist New York State Dept of Health USA
Dr. Nancy A Schult Entomologist U of Wisconsin-Madison USA
Dr. Brian Schultz Ecologist Hampshire College USA
Dr. Kathy Schwab Health Researcher MPH RD LD Center for Health Research Portland Oregon USA
Prof. David Schwartzman Geochemist Howard Uni. Washington DC USA
John Scibetta B.Sc Protein Chromatography Amersham Pharmacia Biotech USA
Dr. Linda Jean Sheperd Biochemist Gaia Blessings USA
Colleen Sheppard Wholistic Energy Therapist USA
Prof. Michael Sheridan Ph.D Environmental Anthropologist Middlebury College USA
Dr. Jacob Silver Ph.D Political Scientist Social Analyst Huron Mountain Research Services USA
Dr. Joseph Simcox Ph.D student Food Plant Diversity and Germplasm The Rare Vegetable Seed Consortium USA
Witold Skiba Ph.D Theoretical Physics MIT USA
Dr. Gerald Smith Zoologist U. Michigan USA
Kim Smith I consume only organic food and desire to see a ban put on GM as soon as possible USA
Kristina Smith Jacoba B.Sc agronomist USA
Dr. John Soluri Historian of Science Carnegie Mellon U USA
Doreen Stabinsky Geneticist International Environmental Politics and Policy California State University at Sacrament USA
Irl Stalcup Corporate Training LA County Dept of Parks and Recreation USA
Emma Steen Dietician (retired) Portland USA
Dr. Jesse Stewart concernment for the application of education and assuring the liberty freedom and unity in life F F H USA
Pamela Stimler B.Sc Board Certified Internist USA
Prof.em Budalur Thyagarajan Ph.D organic chemistry retired USA
Dr. Patricia Patterson Tursi Ph.D My Dissertation concerned Mind Body Interactions I have studied health for 40a years I am a master gardener and former organic farmer SW Missouri Organic Association USA
Prof. John Vandermeer Biologist Univ. Michigan Ann Arbor USA
Rosa Vazquez Student in Biology Ohio State University USA
Susan Vegors Psychologist Consultant Solutech Indianapolis USA
Prof. Robert Vernon Heimer Ph.D The study of brain chemistry during psychotic episodes none USA
Paul Von Hartmann B.Sc Ecologist biodynamic agriculturist Project P E A C E USA
Prof. Kenneth G. Walton Neurochemist Vedic Medicine Maharishi Univ. IA USA
Dr. Bruce West Ph.D DC Editor Health Alert Most renowned expert in the use of phytonutrients for cardiac patients with more patients than any living doctor Health Alert Newsletter USA
Ryan White Student St Lawrence University USA
Paul Whitson M.Sc healthcare administrator USA
Dr. George M. Woodwell Director The Woods Hole Research Center USA
Dr. Suzanne M. Wuerthele Toxicologist Toxicology & Risk Assessment federal regulatory agency Denver USA
Dr. John Zamarra M.D. Cardiology Fullerton USA
Dr. M Zamir Ph.D Research Scientist University USA
Prof. Miguel Angel Nunez M.Sc 14 years working and researching in Agroecological Scienes in the tropical areas of Latin America IPIAT Venezuela
Julio Eduardo Perez Genetics of Marine Organisms Universidad de Oriente Venezuela
Taurai Mutanda M.Sc Biotechnologist University of Zimbabwe Zimbabwe

  1. See World Scientists’ Statement, Institute of Science in Society website <>
  2. See Ho, M.W. and Traavik, T. (1999). Why Patents on Life Forms and Living Processes Should be Rejected from TRIPS – Scientific Briefing on TRIPS Article 27.3(b). TWN Report, Penang. See also ISIS News #3 and #4 <>
  3. James, C. (1998,1999). Global Status of Transgenic Crops, ISAAA Briefs, New York.
  4. Benbrook, C. (1999). Evidence of the Magnitude and Consequences of the Roundup Ready Soybean Yield Drag from University-Based Varietal Trials in 1998, Ag BioTech InfoNet Technical Paper No. 1, Idaho.
  5. “Splitting Headache” Andy Coghlan. NewScientist, News, November 20, 1999.
  6. “Metabolic Disturbances in GM cotton leading to fruit abortion and other problems”<>
  7. “Genetically Altered Crops – Will We Answer the Questions?”Dan McGuire, American Corn Growers Association Annual Convention, Las Vegas Nevade, Feb.4, 2000; see also “Biotech News” Richard Wolfson, Canad. J. Health & Nutrition, April, 2000.
  8. See Watkins, K. (1999). Free trade and farm fallacies. Third World Resurgence 100/101, 33-37; see also El Feki, S. (2000). Growing pains, The Economist, 25 March, 2000.
  9. Agriculture: towards 2015/30, FAO Global Perspectives Studies Unit
  10. This is now admitted in an astonishing series of articles by Shereen El Feki in The Economist (March 25, 2000), hitherto generally considered as a pro-business right-wing magazine.
  11. Farm and Land in Farms, Final Estimates 1993-1997, USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service.
  12. See Griffin, D. (1999). Agricultural globalization. A threat to food security? Third World Resurgence 100/101, 38-40.
  13. El Feki, S. (2000). Trust or bust, The Economist, 25 March, 2000.
  14. Meikle, J. (2000). Farmers welcome £200m deal. The Guardian, 31 March, 2000.
  15. Farm Aid fact sheet: The Farm Crisis Deepens, Cambridge, Mass, 1999.
  16. US Department of Agriculture now holds two new patents on terminator technology jointly with Delta and Pine. These patents were issued in 1999. AstraZeneca are patenting similar techniques. Rafi communique, March, 2000
  17. Simms, A. (1999). Selling Suicide, farming, false promises and genetic engineering in developing countries, Christian Aid, London.
  18. “Let Nature’s Harvest Continue” Statement from all the African delegates (except South Africa) to FAO negotiations on the International Undertaking for Plant Genetic Resources June, 1998.
  19. Letter from Kilusang Mgbubukid ng Pilipinas to OECD, 14 Feb. 2000 <>
  20. Farmer’s Declaration on Genetic Engineering in Agriculture, National Family Farm Coalition, USA, <>
  21. Farmer's rally on Capitol Hill, September 12, 1999.
  22. McGuire, D. (2000). Genetically altered crops: will we answer the questions? American Corn Growers Association Annual Convention, Las Vegas, Feb. 4, 2000.
  23. MAFF Fact Sheet: Genetic modification of crops and food, June, 1999.
  24. See Ho, M.W. and Tappeser, B. (1997). Potential contributions of horizontal gene transfer to the transboundary movement of living modified organisms resulting from modern biotechnology. Proceedings of Workshop on Transboundary Movement of Living Modified Organisms resulting from Modern biotechnology : Issues and Opportunities for Policy-makers (K.J. Mulongoy, ed.), pp. 171-193, International Academy of the Environment, Geneva.
  25. “The BRIGHT Project: Botanical and Rotational Implications of Genetically Modified Herbicide Tolerance: Progress Report, March 2000, sponsored by MAFF, SERAD, HGCA, BBRO, Aventis, Crop Care, Cyanamid, Monsanto
  26. Mellon, M. and Rissler, J. (1998). Now or Never. Serious New Plans to Save a Natural Pest Control, Union of Conerned Scientists, Cambridge, Mass.
  27. Garcia,A.,Benavides,F.,Fletcher,T. and Orts,E. (1998). Paternal exposure to pesticides and congenital malformations. Scand J Work Environ Health 24, 473-80.
  28. Hardell, H. & Eriksson, M. (1999). A Case-Control Study of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma and Exposure to Pesticides. Cancer85, 1355-1360.
  29. "Cotton used in medicine poses threat: genetically-altered cotton may not be safe" Bangkok Post, November 17, 1997.
  30. Hilbeck, A., Baumgartner, M., Fried, P.M. and Bigler, F. (1998). Effects of transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis-corn-fed prey on mortality and development time of immature Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Environmental Entomology 27, 480-96.
  31. Losey, J.E., Rayor, L.D. and Carter, M.E. (1999). Transgenic pollen harms monarch larvae. Nature 399, 214.
  32. See Wraight, C.L., Zangerl, R.A., Carroll, M.J. and Berenbaum, M.R. (2000). Absence of toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis pollen to black swallowtails under field conditions. PNAS Early Edition; despite the claim in the title, the paper reports toxicity of bt-pollen from a high-expressing line to swallowtail larvae in the laboratory. The issue of bt-crops is reviewed in "Swallowing the tale of the swallowtail" and "To Bt or Not to Bt", ISIS News #5
  33. Deepak Saxena, Saul Flores, G, Stotzky (1999) Transgenic plants: Insecticidal toxin in root exudates from Bt corn Nature 402, 480, p 480.
  34. Mayeno, A.N. and Gleich, G.J. (1994). Eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome and tryptophan production : a cautionary tale. Tibtech 12, 346-352.
  35. Epstein, E. (1998). Bovine growth hormone and prostate cancer; Bovine growth hormone and breast cancer. The Ecologist 28(5), 268, 269.
  36. The secret memoranda came to light as the result of a civil lawsuit spearheaded by lawyer Steven Druker against the US FDA, May 1998. For details see Biointegrity website: <>
  37. Ewen, S.W.B. and Pusztai, A. (1999). Effects of diets containing genetially modified potatoes expressing Galanthus nivalis lectin on rat small intestine. The Lancet 354, 1353-1354; see also <>
  38. Pat Phibbs, P. (2000). Genetically modified food sales 'dead' In EU Until safety certain, says consultant , The Bureau of National Affairs, Inc., Washington D.C. March 23, 2000.
  39. See Ho, M.W. (1998,1999). Genetic Engineering Dream or Nightmare? The Brave New World of Bad Science and Big Business, Gateway, Gill & Macmillan, Dublin.
  40. See Ho, M.W., Ryan, A., Cummins, J. (1999). The cauliflower mosaic viral promoter – a recipe for disaster? Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease 11, 194-197; Ho, M.W., Ryan, A., Cummins, J. (2000). Hazards of transgenic crops with the cauliflower mosaic viral promoter. Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease (in press); Cummins, J., Ho, M.W. and Ryan, A. (2000). Hazards of CaMV promoter. Nature Biotechnology (in press).
  41. Reviewed in Ho, 1998,1999 (note 37); Ho, M.W., Traavik, T., Olsvik, R., Tappeser, B., Howard, V., von Weizsacker, C. and McGavin, G. (1998b). Gene Technology and Gene Ecology of Infectious Diseases. Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease 10, 33-59; Traavik, T. (1999a). Too early may be too late, Ecological risks associated with the use of naked DNA as a biological tool for research, production and therapy, Research report for Directorate for Nature Management, Norway.
  42. N Ballas, S Broido, H Soreq, A Loyter (1989) Efficient functioning of plant promoters and poly(A) sites in Xenopus oocytes Nucl Acids Res 17, 7891-903.
  43. Burke, C, Yu X.B., Marchitelli, L.., Davis, E.A., Ackerman, S. (1990). Transcription factor IIA of wheat and human function similarly with plant and animal viral promoters. Nucleic Acids Res 18, 3611-20.
  44. Reviewed in Ho, 1998,1999 (note 37); Ho, M.W., Traavik, T., Olsvik, R., Tappeser, B., Howard, V., von Weizsacker, C. and McGavin, G. (1998b). Gene Technology and Gene Ecology of Infectious Diseases. Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease 10, 33-59; Traavik, T. (1999a). Too early may be too late, Ecological risks associated with the use of naked DNA as a biological tool for research, production and therapy, Research report for Directorate for Nature Management, Norway.
  45. Kumpatla, S.P., Chandrasekharan, M.B., Iuer, L.M., Li, G. and Hall, T.c. (1998). Genome intruder scanning and modulation systems and transgene silencing. Trends in Plant Sciences 3, 96-104.
  46. See Pawlowski, W.P. and Somers, D.A. (1996). Transgene inheritance in plants. Molecular Biotechnology 6, 17-30.
  47. Reviewed by Doerfler, W., Schubbert, R., Heller, H., Kämmer, C., Hilger-Eversheim, D., Knoblauch, M. and Remus, R. (1997). Integration of foreign DNA and its consequences in mammalian systems. Tibtech 15, 297-301.
  48. Draft Guidance for Industry: Use of Antibiotic Resistance Marker Genes in Transgenic Plants, US FDA, September 4, 1998.
  49. See Letter from N. Tomlinson, Joint Food Safety and Standards Group, MAFF, to US FDA, 4 December, 1998.
  50. See Barnett, A. (2000). GM genes 'jump species barrier'. The Observer, May 28.
  51. Forbes, J.M., Blair, D.E., Chiter, A., and Perks, S. (1998). Effect of Feed Processing Conditions on DNA Fragmentation Section 5 - Scientific Report, MAFF; see also Ryan, A. and Ho, M.W. (1999). Transgenic DNA in animal feed. ISIS Report, November 1999 <>
  52. Mercer, D.K., Scott, K.P., Bruce-Johnson, W.A. Glover, L.A. and Flint, H.J. (1999). Fate of free DNA and transformation of the oral bacterium Streptococcus gordonii DL1 by plasmid DNA in human saliva. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 65, 6-10.
  53. Reviewed in Ho, 1998,1999 (note 37).
  54. Gebbard, F. and Smalla, K. (1999). Monitoring field releases of genetically modified sugar beets for persistence of transgenic plant DNA and horizontal gene transfer. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 28, 261-272.
  55. See Ho, M.W., Ryan, A., Cummins, J. and Traavik, T. (2000). Unregulated Hazards, ‘Naked’ and ‘Free’ Nucleic Acids, ISIS Report for Third World Network, Jan. 2000, London and Penang <>
  56. Viewpoint, Henry Miller, Financial Times, March 22, 2000
  57. See Pretty, J. (1995). Sustainable Agriculture, Earthscan, London; also Pretty, J. (1998). The Living Land - Agriculture, Food and Community Regeneration in Rural Europe, Earthscan, London; see also Alternative Agriculture: Report of the National Academy of Sciences, Washington D.C., 1989.
  58. Rosset, P. (1999). The Multiple Functions and Benefits of Small Farm Agriculture In the Context of Global Trade Negotiations, The Institute for Good and Development Policy, Policy Brief No. 4, Oakland.
  59. Mruphy, C. (1999). Cultivating Havana: Urban Agriculture and Food Security in the Years of Crisis, Institute for Food and Development Policy, Development Report No. 12, Oakland.
  60. Altieri, M., Rosset, P. and Trupp, L.A. (1998). The Potential of Agroecology to Combat Hunger in the Developing World, Institute for Food and Development Policy Report, Oakland, California.
  61. Peter Rosset, Food First Institute.



Food cravings---What You Maybe Wanting or Needing

If you crave this...

What you really need is...

And here are healthy foods that have it:



Raw nuts and seeds, legumes, fruits



Broccoli, grapes, cheese, dried beans, calves liver, chicken



Fresh fruits



Chicken, beef, liver, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy, nuts, legumes, grains



Cranberries, horseradish, cruciferous vegetables, kale, cabbage



Cheese, liver, lamb, raisins, sweet potato, spinach

Bread, toast


High protein foods: fish, meat, nuts, beans

Oily snacks, fatty foods


Mustard and turnip greens, broccoli, kale, legumes, cheese, sesame

Coffee or tea


Chicken, beef, liver, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy, nuts, legumes



Egg yolks, red peppers, muscle protein, garlic, onion, cruciferous vegetables


NaCl (salt)

Sea salt, apple cider vinegar (on salad)



Meat, fish and poultry, seaweed, greens, black cherries

Alcohol, recreational drugs


Meat, poultry, seafood, dairy, nuts



Granola, oatmeal



Mustard and turnip greens, broccoli, kale, legumes, cheese, sesame



Supplement glutamine powder for withdrawal, raw cabbage juice



Sun-dried black olives, potato peel broth, seaweed, bitter greens

Chewing ice


Meat, fish, poultry, seaweed, greens, black cherries

Burned food


Fresh fruits

Soda and other carbonated drinks


Mustard and turnip greens, broccoli, kale, legumes, cheese, sesame

Salty foods


Raw goat milk, fish, unrefined sea salt

Acid foods


Raw nuts and seeds, legumes, fruits

Preference for liquids rather than solids


Flavor water with lemon or lime. You need 8 to 10 glasses per day.

Preference for solids rather than liquids


You have been so dehydrated for so long that you have lost your thirst. Flavor water with lemon or lime. You need 8 to 10 glasses per day.

Cool drinks


Walnuts, almonds, pecans, pineapple, blueberries

Pre-menstrual cravings


Red meats (especially organ meats), seafood, leafy vegetables, root vegetables

General overeating


Nuts, seeds; avoid refined starches



Cheese, liver, lamb, raisins, sweet potato, spinach



Vitamin C supplements or orange, green, red fruits and vegetables

Lack of appetite

Vitamin B1

Nuts, seeds, beans, liver and other organ meats


Vitamin B3

Tuna, halibut, beef, chicken, turkey, pork, seeds and legumes



Walnuts, almonds, pecans, pineapple, blueberries



Raw goat milk, unrefined sea salt



Nuts, seeds; avoid refined starches



Vitamin C supplements or orange, green and red fruits and vegetables

  1. Lectures, Cheryl M. Deroin, NMD, Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine, Spring 2003 (healthy food recommendations)
  2. Benard Jenson, PhD, The Chemistry of Man B. Jensen Publisher, 1983 (deficiencies linked to specific cravings and some food recommendations)




Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) Elicits Antinociceptive Properties and Potentiates Morphine-Induced Analgesia in the Rat Radiant Heat Tail-Flick Test.

J Med Food. 2010 Dec;13(6):1397-401

Authors: Sepahvand R, Esmaeili-Mahani S, Arzi A, Rasoulian B, Abbasnejad M

Abstract Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe), a well-known spice plant, has been used traditionally in the treatment of a wide variety of ailments. It has been shown that ginger is a calcium channel blocker; however, its influence on morphine analgesic effects has not been elucidated. We examined the effect of ginger root extract on nociceptive threshold and morphine-induced analgesia in male Wistar rats. To determine the effect of ginger on morphine analgesia, ginger extract (200, 400, and 600 mg/kg i.p.) was injected before a subeffective dose of morphine (2.5 mg/kg i.p.). The radiant heat tail-flick test was used to assess the nociceptive threshold before and at different times after drug administration. Our results showed that ginger extract elicited a significant antinociceptive effect. In addition, in groups that received both morphine and ginger, the observed analgesia was higher than that in groups treated with either morphine or ginger extract alone. Thus, the data indicate that ginger extract has a beneficial influence on morphine analgesia and can be an efficacious adjunct for pain management.---PMID: 21091253 [PubMed - in process]



Detroit's Urban Farms Could Provide a Majority of Produce for Local Residents

ScienceDaily (Nov. 20, 2010) — Transforming vacant urban lots into farms and community gardens could provide Detroit residents with a majority of their fruits and vegetables.--As city officials ponder proposals for urban farms, a Michigan State University study indicates that a combination of urban farms, community gardens, storage facilities and hoop houses -- greenhouses used to extend the growing season -- could supply local residents with more than 75 percent of their vegetables and more than 40 percent of their fruits.--The study, which appears in the current issue of The Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, evaluates many aspects of the production potential of the Motor City's vacant properties, from identifying available parcels of land to addressing residents' attitudes toward blending agrarian traits with their urban lifestyles.--"What's clear from our production analysis is that even with a limited growing season, significant quantities of fresh fruits and vegetables eaten by Detroiters could be grown locally," said Kathryn Colasanti, the graduate student who led the study for the C.S. Mott Group for Sustainable Food Systems at MSU. "And investments in produce storage facilities and hoop houses would increase this capacity substantially."--As part of the analysis, MSU cataloged available land that had no existing structures. Using aerial imagery and the city's database of vacant property, researchers identified 44,085 available vacant parcels, which span 4,848 acres. To paint a more realistic picture, the database excluded land in and around parks, golf courses, cemeteries, churches, schools and more, said Mike Hamm, who leads the C.S. Mott Group for Sustainable Food Systems.--"Our totals are conservative," he said. "But it may be closer to representing the quantity of land more readily available for urban farms and gardens because these parcels are publicly owned and clear of any buildings."--Along with pinpointing properties, the study also addressed public opinion on the issue. Different groups value urban farms for different reasons. Some groups see farms and gardens as a means to provide for their families and to bring in some additional income. People connected with urban agriculture organizations emphasized how such efforts strengthen neighborhood bonds. Some senior citizens and youth embraced the concept as a way to access higher-quality foods.--These attitudes could be tempered by a variety of factors related to implementing urban farms and gardens, such as increased activity and noise, perimeter fencing, free gardens used to draw neighborhoods together versus those that sell their products profit, altering the urban landscape with a semi-rural feel and more.--"These different opinions can co-exist," Hamm said. "But because they could also come into conflict, there is a need to engage in diverse communities to create a vision for the form and scale of urban agriculture in Detroit."--The study was supported in part by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation and the Fair Food Foundation.

Story Source:--The above story is reprinted (with editorial adaptations by ScienceDaily staff) from materials provided by Michigan State University.





 [U1]The Issue here as being a "Steward of God" is not to poison the poorfeeding the poor with foods that are foods and not a genetic aberration of what God Had created is again something that is not being said but being overlooked to seduce an unknowing people of a faith who follow the canon laws and dogma rather then hearing the word of God as it was intended---Life begats Life---and this "Life " that is being produced in a lab is Death and Disease

 [U2]It May appear that the RC is trying to induce it's own version of Population Control--by accepting this form of food poisoning to it's members---Soon there will be some kind of nonsense about the Dark forces trying to stop people from accessing a good and Even a God ordained food which would be totally deceiving---Since God does Not need a Genetist to produce a planet full of life--Makes me wonder where was the pope when God Created the earth and it's riches---seems to me they could use some education from the Almighty

 [U3]This is Truly Alarming ---that a statement such as this is coming from the bowels of the vatican----there has been study after study on how this has altered and effected and affected not only the plants---the soil---the bacteria inthe soil --the insects ( look at teh Bee fiasco ) the people them selves who harvested GMO Cotton who died just from the exposure

 [U4]Preventing Crops for the Poor---hmm does this imply that these were for the rich and now we need to feed the poor to rid the poor--makes you think---Once these measures Are incorproated as global law the human race 's days are numbered!!!!

 [U5]What we have here is a definite differing of Opinions--or Should I say FACTS---rome and there scientist or scientific community is say it is all good and then we have here a global consortium of Scientist and they are all saying the contrary---makes you wonder who has the agenda going --monsanto who used to ( and possibly is still donating to the RC chirch--or the scientific community who gets no support and as a result can be objective with the science and the studies


 [U6]This alarming planned famine-- and preventing the essential shift to sustainable agriculture that can guarantee food security and health around the world

 [U7]The Papacy is saying this is safe??? and I would have to say for who---this is a blight toward Humanity and a downward spiral to causing uncurable type of ill will toward the planet---makes me think that we are going to use biological warfare on common citizens-

 [U8]AN Now Rome wants to dismantle the Safety net due to the HIGH COST of utilizing the GMO technology in the name of feeding the poor and the obligation to feed them THIS POISON--seems to me that there will be bigger issues to pay over the infecting of the human race





Show of the Week  December 10 2010


The Wonders of Rosemary 


 Bay Leaf—benefits and Uses


Recipe for a Vinegar Wash


Recipe for a Cleansing and Penetrating Oil


Anti Larval-Microbial-Fungal-Viral and Bacterial Formula


The Wonders of Rosemary--

Augmentation by carnosic acid of apoptosis in human leukaemia cells induced by arsenic trioxide via upregulation of the tumour suppressor PTEN.

Carnosic acid is a strong dietary antioxidant derived from rosemary. Here, we have demonstrated that carnosic acid decreased viability of the human promyelocytic leukaemia cell line, HL-60, in dose- and time-dependent manners, and induced G(1) arrest and apoptosis. Carnosic acid also augmented these effects when induced by a low (physiological) concentration of arsenic trioxide, which was associated with upregulation of p27 and activation of caspase-9. These effects appeared to be mediated by the induction of phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN) expression. These findings indicate that PTEN plays an important role in the coordinated induction of apoptosis and G(1) arrest by carnosic acid and arsenic trioxide. Carnosic acid may have potential as an adjuvant in arsenic trioxide-induced apoptosis therapy due to its anticipated safety and great potency in enhancing the apoptosis-inducing action of a low concentration of arsenic trioxide.--*Antineoplastic-Agents-pharmacology; *Antioxidants-metabolism; *Apoptosis-drug-effects; *Arsenicals-pharmacology; *Diterpenes,-Abietane-metabolism; *Oxides-pharmacology; *Plant-Extracts-metabolism


Inhibitory effect of Turkish Rosmarinus officinalis L. on acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase enzymes.

In the current study, we have tested acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) inhibitory activity of the petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, chloroform, and methanol extracts, rosmarinic acid as well as the essential oil obtained from Rosmarinus officinalis L. growing in Turkey by a spectrophotometric method of Ellman using ELISA microplate-reader at 0.2, 0.5, and 1.0 mg/mL concentrations. In addition, quantification of rosmarinic acid, a common phenolic acid found in rosemary, was carried out by reversed-phase HPLC in the methanolic extract of the plant, which was found to have 12.21+or-0.95% (122.1+or-9.5 mg/g extract) of rosmarinic acid. Rosmarinic acid was also tested for its AChE and BChE inhibitory effect and found to cause 85.8% of inhibition against AChE at only 1.0 mg/mL. Besides, the essential oil was analyzed by GC-MS technique, which was shown to be dominated by 1,8-cineol (44.42%) and followed by alpha -pinene (12.57%).-- Brain Protecting effect by preserving the  Acetylcholine



In vivo assessment of antidiabetic and antioxidant activities of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) in alloxan-diabetic rabbits

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), used in traditional Turkish folk medicine for the treatment of hyperglycaemia, is widely accepted as one of the medicinal herb with the highest antioxidant activity. Accordingly, the present study was designed to investigate the possible actions of ethanolic extract of the leaves of Rosmarinus officinalis on glucose homeostasis and antioxidant defense in rabbits. In the first set of experiments, hypoglycaemic effects of oral administration of various doses (50, 100 and 200 mg/kg) of the extract were examined in normoglycaemic and glucose-hyperglycaemic rabbits. Optimal effect was observed in both of the animal groups with a dose of 200 mg/kg of the extract and this activity was independent from the effects of insulin. In another part of experiments, acute effect of various doses of the Rosmarinus officinalis extract on blood glucose and serum insulin levels was studied in alloxan-induced diabetic rabbits. Of the three doses of extract, the highest dose (200 mg/kg) significantly lowered blood glucose level and increased serum insulin concentration in alloxan-diabetic rabbits. The last set of experiments designed to investigate the subacute effect of the Rosmarinus officinalis extract on repeated administration in alloxan-diabetic rabbits. At the doses of 100 and 200 mg/kg, antihyperglycaemic effect of extract was accompanied by a significant increase in serum insulin levels in diabetic rabbits. Furthermore, during 1 week of treatment of diabetic rabbits with a dose of 200 mg/kg of the extract showed that the extract possessed a capability to inhibit the lipid peroxidation and activate the antioxidant enzymes. It was concluded that probably, due to its potent antioxidant properties, the Rosmarinus officinalis extract exerts remarkable antidiabetogenic effect



Oregano and rosemary extracts inhibit oxidation of long-chain n-3 fatty acids in menhaden oil

Capabilities of methanol extracts from oregano and rosemary in retarding oxidation of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, docosahexaenoic acid C22:6 (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid C20:5 (EPA), in menhaden oil were investigated. The fish oils after mixing with the extracts at different concentrations were oxidized in an accelerated study by heating at 150 degrees C for 30 min or incubating at 60 degrees C for 5 d. After heating at 150 degrees C, only 15.9% of DHA and 18.5% of EPA remained in the fish oil without extract, while 38.8% to 65.9% of DHA and 44.7% to 69.0% of EPA were retained in the fish oil mixed with 1% to 5% of oregano extract. The highest retained DHA (56.9%) and EPA (58.0%) in the fish oils mixed with rosemary extract were observed at 2.5% addition. Increasing rosemary extract to 5% lowered its capability of inhibiting DHA and EPA oxidation. After incubation at 60 degrees C for 5 d, the highest inhibition capability was also found at 2.5% of added rosemary extract, and the oil retained 88.2% DHA and 88.3% EPA. However, only 18.8% DHA and 23.6% EPA were retained in the fish oil mixed with 5% of oregano extract and no DHA and EPA were detected in the fish oil without extract after 5-d incubation at 60 degrees C. Thus, antioxidant activity of the rosemary extract was greater than that of oregano extract, but was sensitive to heat. The rosemary extract also demonstrated higher DPPH (2,2'-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) free radical scavenging capability, which was approximately 3 times higher than oregano extract, although there was no significant difference in the total phenolic contents between both extracts.


Modulation of radiation-induced biochemical alterations in mice by rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) extract.

Radioprotective effect of leaves extract of Rosemarinus officinalis (ROE) has been studied against 6 Gy gamma -radiations in the liver of Swiss albino mice at various post-irradiation intervals between 12 h and 30 days. In control animals (without ROE treated irradiated), an elevation in glycogen, protein, acid and alkaline contents was found till day 5th, but thereafter decreased at successive intervals without returning to normal. Cholesterol level was found to be lower than normal till 10th day, then increased up to 20th day but later declined without restoring normal level. A similar trend of variation in these biochemical parameters was observed in experimental group (ROE pretreated irradiated) also but to a lower extent. ROE significantly delayed and inhibited the rise in these biochemical parameters. Almost normal values of such constituents were regained by day 30th in experimental animals; whereas in control animals, normal values were not ever attained. In control animals, there was an elevation in lipid peroxidation (LPx) and a decrease in glutathione (GSH) in blood and liver; whereas in experimental group, decline in LPx accompanied by an increase in GSH concentration was observed.


Potential of rosemary (Rosemarinus officinalis L.) diterpenes in preventing lipid hydroperoxide-mediated oxidative stress in Caco-2 cells.

The effects of 24 h supplementation of Caco-2 cells with carnosic acid and carnosol, and their activities against 5 microM oleic acid hydroperoxide (OAHPx)-mediated oxidative stress, were investigated. At 24 h of incubation, under nonstressed and stressed conditions, both compounds at 25, 50, and 100 microM supplement concentrations reduced catalase activity, whereas changes in glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase activities varied depending upon the concentrations. Relative to control cultures, carnosic acid and carnosol reduced membrane damage by 40-50% when stressed by OAHPx. Carnosic acid and carnosol inhibited lipid peroxidation by 88-100% and 38-89%, respectively, under oxidative stress conditions. Both compounds significantly lowered DNA damage induced by OAHPx. Results of this study suggest that antioxidant activities of carnosic acid and carnosol could be partly due to their ability to increase or maintain glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase activities.




Low-density lipoprotein, collagen, and thrombin models reveal that Rosemarinus officinalis L. exhibits potent antiglycative effects.

Using the low-density lipoprotein (LDL), collagen, and thrombin models, we report here that the rosemary extracts (REs), either the aqueous (REw)[U1] [U2]  or the acetonic (REA), all possessed many antiglycation-related features, and the effective concentrations required were as follows: 0.1 mg/mL for suppressing the relative electrophoretic mobility, 1.3 microg/mL for anticonjugated diene induction, 0.5 mg/mL for inhibition of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances production, 0.1 mg/mL for AGEs (advanced glycation end products) formation, 0.1 mg/mL to block glucose incorporation, and 0.05 mg/mL as an effective anti-antithrombin III. Using high-performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry, we identified five major constituents among eight major peaks, including rosmarinic acid, carnosol, 12-methoxycarnosic acid, carnosic acid, and methyl carnosate. In the LDL model, REA was proven to be more efficient than REw; yet, the reverse is true for the collagen and the thrombin III models, the reason of which was ascribed to the higher lipid-soluble antioxidant content (such as rosmarinic acid, carnosol, carnosic acid, 12-methoxycarnosic acid and methyl carnosate) in REA than in REw and the different surface lipid characteristics between LDL and collagen; although to act as anti-AGEs, both extracts were comparable. To assist the evidence, a larger 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging capability with less total polyphenolic content was found in REA. We conclude that rosemary is an excellent multifunctional therapeutic herb; by looking at its potential potent antiglycative bioactivity, it may become a good adjuvant medicine for the prevention and treatment of diabetic, cardiovascular, and other neurodegenerative diseases.



Anti-proliferative and antioxidant properties of rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis

Constituents in rosemary have shown a variety of pharmacological activities for cancer chemoprevention and therapy in in vitro and in vivo models. In order to further explore the chemopreventive properties of crude extracts of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L), we studied its anti-proliferative property on several human cancer cell lines and its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties in vitro in a mouse RAW 264.7 macrophage/monocyte cell line. Our study shows that crude ethanolic rosemary extract (RO) has differential anti-proliferative effects on human leukemia and breast carcinoma cells. The 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) was estimated at 1/700, 1/400, 1/150 and 1/500 dilutions, for the HL60, K562, MCF7 and MDA-MB-468 cells, respectively. Non-cytotoxic concentrations of RO at 1/1000 dilution minimally induced HL60 cell differentiation into granulocyte lineage at 9.5+/-2.2% compared to 2.8+/-0.8% in the untreated control (p<0.001), and did not induce HL60 cell differentiation into monocyte/macrophage lineage. The 6-hydroxy-2,5,7,8-tetramethyl-chroman-2-carboxylic acid (Trolox) equivalent antioxidant capacity assay showed that RO has substantial antioxidant activity with RO at 1/10 and 1/5 dilutions having 8.1 and 12.6 microM Trolox equivalents, respectively. RO at non-cytotoxic 1/2000 and 1/1000 dilutions did not affect nitric oxide (NO) production by non-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. However, at the same dilutions RO significantly reduced NO production by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated cells in a dose-dependent manner from 32.6+/-2.3 microM in the LPS-activated cells to 19.2+/-2.2 microM (p<0.01), and 7.7+/-1.2 microM (p<0.001), respectively. RT-PCR analyses showed that RAW 264.7 cells treated with 1/1000 and 1/500 dilutions for 5 h did not affect TNFalpha, IL-1beta, iNOS and COX-2 mRNA expression in these cells when compared to the untreated controls, nor did the 1/1000 dilution of RO affect TNFalpha, IL-1beta, iNOS and COX-2 mRNA expression in the LPS-activated cells. At 1/500 dilution, RO significantly reduced IL-1beta (p<0.01) and COX-2 (p<0.05) mRNA expression and non-significantly reduced TNFalpha and iNOS mRNA expression in the LPS-activated cells. In view of the chemopreventive potentials, further studies are needed to explore other biological properties of this popular spice used by many cultures in the world.


Rosmarinic acid, a photo-protective agent against UV and other ionizing radiations.

Food Chem Toxicol. 2009 Feb;47(2):386-92-Authors: Sánchez-Campillo M, Gabaldon JA, Castillo J, Benavente-García O, Del Baño MJ, Alcaraz M, Vicente V, Alvarez N, Lozano JA

Solar UV and other ionizing radiations cause a generation of reactive oxygen species, induce cellular DNA damage and alter skin homeostasis. The use of exogenous antioxidants is increasingly frequents, we attempt to demonstrate that a rosmarinic acid extract acts as photo-protector; both free radical scavenger as an inducer of the body's own endogenous defence mechanisms by regulating tyrosinase activity and stimulating melanin production. Malonyldialdehyde formation (TBARS) was delayed when RA was used. The protection factor was 3.24 times vs AA. TEAC value for RA was 1.6 times vs AA. The radioprotective-antimutagenic effects of RA were measure using the micronucleus test. The level of micronucleous for treatments before irradiation was: RA [14]<AA [22]<DMSO [28]<Control [32], and after irradiation was: RA [23]<AA [25]<DMSO [31]<Control [32]. RA increased the Tyr activity and its expression level in B16 melanoma cells after stimulation lasting 48 h compared with the negative control. In vivo experiments show the capacity of RA orally administered to inhibit cutaneous alterations caused by UVA exposure (skin photocarcinogenesis). Therefore, according all these experiences, RA can be proposed as a proper photo-protective agent.--PMID: 19084569 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]




Bay Leaf—benefits and Uses

Bay Leaf has been used as an herbal remedy for headaches. It contains compounds called parthenolides, which have proven useful in the treatment of migraines. Bay Leaf has also been shown to help the body process insulin more efficiently, which leads to lower blood sugar levels. Bay Leaf has also been used to reduce the effects of stomach ulcers. Bay Leaf contains eugenol, which has anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. Bay leaf is also an anti-fungal and anti-bacterial. Bay Leaf has also been used to treat rheumatism, amenorrhea, and colic

 Parts Used: Leaves The Romans used bay leaves and berries for the treatment of liver disorders. The French at one time used bay as an antiseptic. Now the Lebanese steep the berries and leaves in brandy in the sun for a few days and drink it to calm queasy stomachs. Bay oil from the berries and leaves can be used in salves and liniments for rheumatism, bruises and skin problems. Both fruit and leaves also stimulate the digestion. A decoction of fruit or leaves made into a paste with honey or syrup can be applied to the chest for colds and other chest problems. The oil contains a powerful bacteria killing chemical that is used in some dentifrices. For frequent migraines add bay leaves to feverfew. Bay leaves have demonstrated to help the body used insulin more efficiently at levels as low at half-teaspoon. An experimental convalescent home in Russia encourages patients to smell bay leaves to sharpen the memory. Ancient Romans and Greeks placed a rolled bay leaf in the nose or stuck a leaf on the forehead when troubled by headaches. A tea of bay leaves is excellent for the digestion and is somewhat astringent as well. A facial steam bath, for cleansing and clearing the skin, is made in the same way as the tea, with the addition of chamomile flowers, rosemary leaves, and rose petals. For hysteria: to calm the patient, have them drink tea made from a bay leaf. Pour 1 cup boiling water over 2 bay leaves. Remove the leaves after steeping 10 minutes and sweeten with honey. In one study, laboratory animals were given a fatal dose of strychnine, then promptly treated with a bay oil preparation. They all lived, but researchers weren't sure why

Astringent, bitter, carminative, diuretic, emetic, emmenogogue, narcotic, nervine, aromatic, stimulant, digestive aid, locally antiseptic, antiparasitic, expectorant (use as steam inhalation therapy).

Leaves, berries and oil have excitant and narcotic properties Lesser doses are diaphoretic while large doses are emetic.

Believed to assist the body in utilizing insulin more efficiently. In experiments, the leaves have lowered blood sugar levels in animals.

Contains parthenolides which help prevent migraines.
Tea was once used for its gentle tonic effect and to ease headache, stomach upset or flatulence, colic, indigestion (taken with meals), poor appetite, to remove obstructions, to promote menses and colic. Is considered alkalizing for overacidity.

The leaves and fruit are rarely used internally now except in veterinary medicine. They were also used at one time for hysteria. A powder was also made of the berries and used for the same purposes as well as for ague.

Has been used externally as a poultice on the chest for bronchitis and coughs.

Warm tea has been taken for coma (3 to 4 cups), cramps, as a hair rinse for dandruff, high blood pressure (1 cup, or two 00 capsules of powder), to promote perspiration,


as a sexual stimulant (said by Sanskrit writers to increase semen in men),


and whooping cough.


Has also been used to soothe sore throat and general coughs.


Tea (both internally and as a gargle) has also been taken during times of epidemics such as smallpox, thypoid fever, measles and diptheria.


Has also been used in cases of tonsillitis and lung trouble.
tea was used to counteract poison (strychnine and others) and prevent convulsions and death (3 to 5 cups). Unknown if it was helpful.

The bark is slightly astringent and has been used for stones in kidney and bladder. Has also been used for trouble in pancreas, spleen and liver.

In the past a strong tea of the berries was used internally and externally for colds, flu, fever, poisonous insect bites, snake bite and wasp sting.


Berries have also been considered useful in the past for suppressed menstruation and womb problems, as well as taken during childbirth when the delivery is imminent to help expel afterbirth.


It is also said to clear the brain, eyes and lungs.


 In some herbal disciplines it is considered a cleanser and remedy for chronic coughs, consumption and asthma, as well as a vermifuge.

Hands and feet were soaked in a strong decoction to cure fungus. Decoction also used as a douche for vaginitis and uterine infections.

A tea of the leaves, bark, or berries has been added to a sitz bath for problems of the bladder, the uterus and for pain in the bowel.

A tea of the berries, leaves, or bark has been used to shrink a swollen palate.


A strong tea of the berries has been applied to arthritic or rheumatic joints and for nerve troubles and pain in the bowels or womb.


 Has also been used for pain or cramps in the chest or numbness in any part of the body.


Berries have been used to make a cough syrup and were once used in several French carminative formulas.

In the Middle Ages berries were used to promote the onset of menses (amenorrhea) and as an abortifacient.

Oil of bay is bactericidal (contains 1,8-cineole) and fungicidal and has been used externally for itch, eczema, sunburn, dandruff, rheumatism (tincture was also used together with heat packs), sprains, bruises, atonic ulcers, scabies, aching joints, skin rashes and bruises as well as being used in some toothpastes (more likely those sold at health food outlets).


Was also applied to cotton then placed in cavity for toothache.


It was once used as an antiseptic by the French, but is rarely used so today, except possibly in Lebanon where it is steeped in brandy in the sun for a few days, then drunk for queasy stomachs.


 Its primary use remains external for bruises and sore muscles (where skin is NOT broken), and earache.


Ancient Greeks and Romans rolled a bay leaf, then stuck in in the nose or on the forehead for headache.


Used in Traditional Chinese Medicine for amenorrhea, colic, and hysteria. They consider the berry to be aromatic, narcotic, and stimulant and apply it for the same uses. In China it has a history in folk medicine as an anti-cancer herb. They also utilize it for condylomata (warty growth around anus or vulva), indurations of liver and spleen, sclerosis of the liver, liver tumors, parotids, spleen, stomach, testicles and uterus, tuberosities of the face

Bay has also been used for epilepsy, leucorrhea and deficient sex drive.

of BAY has been used externally applied to rheumatic and arthritic aches and pains, as well as sprains and swellings.


Has been combined with rosemary to make a liniment for sore muscles. Also, the leaves are used in the bath for aching limbs.



Recipe for a Vinegar Wash

Take 3 oz of vinegar ( any will do ) 1 oz of water –Essential oils 5-6 drops of hyssop -5-6 drops of Myrrh-percuss 100 times  or shake vigourously for about 2 minutes-then apply with a cloth directly to the area that might be infected or need to be cleansed—this will remove pathogens in the skin-cleans the skin deeply and remove hard built up toxins or residue of insect bites or microbial infections or infestations


Recipe for a Cleansing and Penetrating Oil- you will need 3-4 oz of Peanut oil ( an store bought brand will do even fresh ground nut oil ) ½ oz of alcohol-agin your choice use either vodka-gin-rum-tequila-ever clear- or even rubbing alcohol ) the take 1 tsp of salt-and then add the essential oils at 5-6 drops of camphor and 5-6 drops of pine—again shake well—this to will assist in not only penetrating the skin but to allow for a dissolving and removing of the pollutants—infections- bug bites-tick and scabie—can be used with the Vinegar wash


Anti Larval-Microbial-Fungal-Viral and Bacterial Formula

You will need onions-2-3 small to medium—a bottle of white wine—laruicidn ( or a good lauric acid )take the onions and peel and pop into a blender—then take 1 tablespoon of the laruicidin or use coconut powder or bay leaf either extract or powder---take the mix and blend all together---then when completed the pour into a glass container and use ½ -1 oz several times a day---will kill parasites-knock out fungi- improve the immune system-can regulate insulin—supports the liver-lungs-intestines-fights cancer-is anti viral-anti bacterial





 [U1]This means water extraction --Making a Tea






Show of the Week  December 12 2010



 The role of food supplements in the treatment of the infertile man

 Muscle effect of Astaxanthin

Oxidized Form Of A Common Vitamin May Bring Relief For Ulcerative Colitis




 Astaxanthin has potential health-promoting effects in the prevention and treatment of various diseases, such as cancers, chronic inflammatory diseases, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, diabetic nephropathy, cardiovascular diseases, gastrointestinal diseases, liver diseases, neurodegenerative diseases, eye diseases, skin diseases, exercise-induced fatigue, male infertility, and HgCl2-induced acute renal failure. In this article, the currently available scientific literature regarding the most significant activities of astaxanthin is reviewed.

Astaxanthin helps to prevent Atherosclerosis (by inhibiting the oxidation of LDL Cholesterol).  research


Astaxanthin helps to prevent Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD).

Immune System

Astaxanthin protects against the development of some types of Cancer:  research

·        Astaxanthin helps to prevent Bladder Cancer

·        Astaxanthin helps to prevent and treat Breast Cancer. 

·        Astaxanthin helps to prevent Colon Cancer.

·        Astaxanthin helps to prevent Liver Cancer. 

·        Astaxanthin helps to prevent Mouth Cancer (oral Cancer).

·        Astaxanthin helps to prevent Stomach Cancer. 

·        Astaxanthin enhances the function of the Immune System

·        Astaxanthin reduces Inflammation


Astaxanthin possesses potent Antioxidant properties (under some conditions its Antioxidant properties are greater than those of either Beta-Carotene and Vitamin E):  research

·        Astaxanthin quenches Hydroxyl Free Radicals.  research

·        Astaxanthin scavenges Peroxyl Free Radicals.  research

·        Astaxanthin quenches Singlet Oxygen Free Radicals (it is approximately ten times more potent at quenching Singlet Oxygen than Beta-

Carotene but is not as potent as Lycopene or Gamma-Carotene in quenching Singlet Oxygen).  research

·        Astaxanthin is a Cell Membrane surface Antioxidant.  This means that it can quench Free Radicals on the surface of Cell Membranes before they penetrate the Cell Membrane and penetrate into Cells.

·        Astaxanthin (3.6 mg per day) inhibits the oxidation of LDL Cholesterol.




Astaxanthin Protects Neuronal Cells against Oxidative Damage and Is a Potent Candidate for Brain Food-- Astaxanthin (AST) is a powerful antioxidant that occurs naturally in a wide variety of living organisms. Based on the report claiming that AST could cross the brain-blood barrier, the aim of this study was to investigate the neuroprotective effect of AST by using an oxidative stress-induced neuronal cell damage system. The treatment with DHA hydroperoxide (DHA-OOH) or 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), either of which is a reactive oxygen species (ROS)-inducing neurotoxin, led to a significant decrease in viable dopaminergic SH-SY5Y cells by the MTT assay, whereas a significant protection was shown when the cells were pretreated with AST. Moreover, 100 nM AST pretreatment significantly inhibited intracellular ROS generation that occurred in either DHA-OOH- or 6-OHDA-treatedcells. The neuroprotective effect of AST is suggested to be dependent upon its antioxidant potential and mitochondria protection; therefore, it is strongly suggested that treatment with AST may be effective for oxidative stress-associated neurodegeneration and a potential candidate for natural brain food.



Astaxanthin, oxidative stress, inflammation and cardiovascular disease.

Fassett RG, Coombes JS.

School of Human Movement Studies & School of Medicine, The University of Queensland, Queensland, Australia.


It is accepted that oxidative stress and inflammation play an integral role in the pathophysiology of many chronic diseases including atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The xanthophyll carotenoid dietary supplement astaxanthin has demonstrated potential as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory therapeutic agent in models of cardiovascular disease. There have been at least eight clinical studies conducted in over 180 humans using astaxanthin to assess its safety, bioavailability and clinical aspects relevant to oxidative stress, inflammation or the cardiovascular system. There have been no adverse outcomes reported. Studies have demonstrated reduced markers of oxidative stress and inflammation and improved blood rheology. A larger number of experimental studies have been performed using astaxanthin. In particular, studies in a variety of animals using a model of myocardial ischemia and reperfusion have demonstrated protective effects from prior administration of astaxanthin both intravenously and orally. Future clinical studies and trials will help determine the efficacy of antioxidants such as astaxanthin on vascular structure, function, oxidative stress and inflammation in a variety of patients at risk of, or with, established cardiovascular disease. These may lead to large intervention trials assessing cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.PMID: 19656058 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Astaxanthin, a carotenoid with potential in human health and nutrition.---

Hussein G, Sankawa U, Goto H, Matsumoto K, Watanabe H.---International Research Center for Traditional Medicine, Toyama Prefecture, Japan.


Astaxanthin (1), a red-orange carotenoid pigment, is a powerful biological antioxidant that occurs naturally in a wide variety of living organisms. The potent antioxidant property of 1 has been implicated in its various biological activities demonstrated in both experimental animals and clinical studies. Compound 1 has considerable potential and promising applications in human health and nutrition. In this review, the recent scientific literature (from 2002 to 2005) is covered on the most significant activities of 1, including its antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties, its effects on cancer, diabetes, the immune system, and ocular health, and other related aspects. We also discuss the green microalga Haematococcus pluvialis, the richest source of natural 1, and its utilization in the promotion of human health, including the antihypertensive and neuroprotective potentials of 1, emphasizing our experimental data on the effects of dietary astaxanthin on blood pressure, stroke, and vascular dementia in animal models, is described.--PMID: 16562856 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Carotenoid action on the immune response.

Chew BP, Park JS.

Department of Animal Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-6351, USA.


Early studies demonstrating the ability of dietary carotenes to prevent infections have left open the possibility that the action of these carotenoids may be through their prior conversion to vitamin A. Subsequent studies to demonstrate the specific action of dietary carotenoids have used carotenoids without provitamin A activity such as lutein, canthaxanthin, lycopene and astaxanthin. In fact, these nonprovitamin A carotenoids were as active, and at times more active, than beta-carotene in enhancing cell-mediated and humoral immune response in animals and humans. Another approach to study the possible specific role of dietary carotenoids has used animals that are inefficient converters of carotenoids to vitamin A, for example the domestic cat. Results have similarly shown immuno-enhancement by nonprovitamin A carotenoids, based either on the relative activity or on the type of immune response affected compared to beta-carotene. Certain carotenoids, acting as antioxidants, can potentially reduce the toxic effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS). These ROS, and therefore carotenoids, have been implicated in the etiology of diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases and aging. Recent studies on the role of carotenoids in gene regulation, apoptosis and angiogenesis have advanced our knowledge on the possible mechanism by which carotenoids regulate immune function and cancer.--PMID: 14704330 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


The role of food supplements in the treatment of the infertile man.

Comhaire FH, Mahmoud A.

Centre for Medical and Urological Andrology, Ghent University Hospital, De Pintelaan, 185, B 9000 Gent, Belgium.


Recently, concerns have been raised about the presumptive increased risk of serious undesirable side effects in children born after IVF and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). These treatments must, therefore, be reserved as the ultimate option after evidence-based and cause-directed treatment of the male patient with deficient semen has been exhausted. The present authors found that sperm quality and function improved with the intake of complementary food supplementation using a combination of zinc and folic acid, or the antioxidant astaxanthin (Astacarox), or an energy-providing combination containing (actyl)-carnitine (Proxeed). Also, double blind trials showed that the latter two substances increase spontaneous or intrauterine insemination- (IUI-) assisted conception rates. Extracts of Pinus maritima bark (Pycnogenol), which inhibits the cyclo-oxygenase enzyme, reducing prostaglandin production and inflammatory reaction, and extracts of the Peruvian plant Lepidium meyenii were shown to improve sperm morphology and concentration, respectively, in uncontrolled trials. Linseed (flaxseed) oil contains alfa-linolenic acid and lignans. The former corrects the deficient intake of omega-3 essential fatty acids, which is correlated with impaired sperm motility among subfertile men. Lignans are precursors of enterolacton, which inhibits aromatase and reduces the ratio of 16-OH over 2-OH oestrogen metabolites. The resulting reduction in oestrogen load may favourably influence Sertoli cell function.-- PMID: 14656398 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Muscle effect of Astaxanthin

Free radicals are generated in our muscles and the amount increase radically during exercise and heavy physical activity. Those free radicals can directly damage the muscle cells and also trigger a inflammation reaction which we experience as stiffness and muscle pain. Natural astaxanthin can increase muscle performance and boost endurance levels . The mechanism is not fully understood but this benefit is supported by several reports (Malmsten et al 2008). The first is protection of skeletal muscle cell membrane from ROS damage during strenuous physical activity (Figure 5). After strenuous exercise astaxanthin reduced peroxidation damage of heart and leg muscle cells, reduced DNA damage, and lowered inflammatory markers (Aoi et al 2003). This means less muscle soreness and shorter recovery times between exercise sessions. Secondly, natural astaxanthin improves the blood rheology which means more oxygen and fuel reaches the muscles and better removal of waste (Miyawaki et al 2005). The underlying benefits could explain why there is significantly lower lactic acid build-up and increased endurance levels in animals and humans during swimming or running (Sawaki et al 2002, Ikeuchi et al 2006). Endurance benefits will make physical activity more enjoyable which is perhaps the most important factor to tackle metabolic syndrome


Oxidized Form Of A Common Vitamin May Bring Relief For Ulcerative Colitis


ScienceDaily (Oct. 1, 2009) — Here's another reason why you should take your vitamins. A new research report appearing in the October 2009 print issue of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology suggests that retinoic acid, the oxidized form of vitamin A, could be a beneficial treatment for people suffering from ulcerative colitis and other irritable bowel diseases. Specifically they found that retinoic acid helps suppress out-of-control inflammation, which is a hallmark of active ulcerative colitis.--"Pharmaceutical strategies based on this research may offer a promising alternative to our current approaches of managing immune diseases including, IBD, arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and so on," Aiping Bai, a researcher involved in the work from Nanchang University in Nanchang City, China.--To make this discovery, Bai and colleagues conducted in vitro studies with human tissue and in vivo studies in mice. Both studies ultimately found that treatment with retinoic acid reduced the inflammation in the colon by increasing the expression of FOXP3, a gene involved with immune system responses, as well as decreasing the expression of IL-17, a cytokine believed to cause inflammation. Because many experts believe that IL-17 directly relates to the uncontrolled inflammation seen in ulcerative colitis and irritable bowel disease, the discovery that retinoic acid reduces IL-17's ability to cause inflammation could accelerate the development of treatments for these chronic diseases.--"Runaway inflammation is serious problem, no matter where it occurs in the body, but in many instances, the root cause is a mystery," said John Wherry, Ph.D., Deputy Editor of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology. "This research helps scientists better understand what causes and controls inflammation in the colon, which in turn, helps lay the groundwork for new classes of drugs to treat this devastating condition."---Story Source--The above story is reprinted (with editorial adaptations by ScienceDaily staff) from materials provided by Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, via EurekAlert!, a service of AAAS.---Journal Reference--Bai et al. All-trans retinoic acid down-regulates inflammatory responses by shifting the Treg/Th17 profile in human ulcerative and murine colitis. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 2009; 86 (4): 959 DOI: 10.1189/jlb.0109006



Recipe for Carrot---add vinegar to carrot juice to get the fermentation going to increase the retinol or the retinoic acid going so when consuming this it will already have been broken down and will be more effectively absorbed by the body

Recipe for Cartenoids Antioxidant mix—using  blue berries--black berries--carrots—tomatoes-squashes-pumpkin—when heated they actually increase the antioxidant levels—and as a result if you dehydrate these same things the heat will actually bring out these properties more---now if you ferment these by adding a vinegar to them and allow for a 5 days of fermenting –will again increase the levels of antioxidant properties—doing this to papaya will increase the S.O.D ( super oxide dismutase) levels as well

Recipe for Carrot Juice—Take a blender and add 1 ½ cups of water and ½-3/4 cup of chopped carrot  blend til fused ( about 4 minutes high speed depending on blender) strain through a handkerchief or jelly bag – then take the juiced water and re-insert in the blender and add another chopped carrot to this—and repeat the process til you get the carrots done ( 3 lb bag will give you 2 20 oz containers full of concentrate juice) add as well a teaspoon of paprika to get the astaxanthin content as well –do this with every load of carrots






Show of the Week  December 17 2010

Factory Farming 1—Areas In the USA where this is being processed


Milk Thistle Remedial Therapies







Milk Thistle Remedial Therapies

Silybin and dehydrosilybin decrease glucose uptake by inhibiting GLUT proteins.

Zhan T, Digel M, Küch EM, Stremmel W, Füllekrug J.

Molecular Cell Biology Laboratory Internal Medicine IV, Im Neuenheimer Feld 345, University of Heidelberg, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany.


Silybin, the major flavonoid of Silybum marianum, is widely used to treat liver diseases such as hepatocellular carcinoma and cirrhosis-associated insulin resistance. Research so far has focused on its anti-oxidant properties. Here, we demonstrate that silybin and its derivative dehydrosilybin inhibit glucose uptake in several model systems. Both flavonoids dose-dependently reduce basal and insulin-dependent glucose uptake of 3T3-L1 adipocytes, with dehydrosilybin showing significantly stronger inhibition. However, insulin signaling was not impaired, and immunofluorescence and subcellular fractionation showed that insulin-induced translocation of GLUT4 to the plasma membrane is also unchanged. Likewise, hexokinase activity was not affected suggesting that silybin and dehydrosilybin interfere directly with glucose transport across the plasma membrane. Expression of GLUT4 in CHO cells counteracted the inhibition of glucose uptake by both flavonoids. Moreover, treatment of CHO cells with silybin and dehydrosilybin reduced cell viability which was partially rescued by GLUT4 expression. Kinetic analysis revealed that silybin and dehydrosilybin inhibit GLUT4 mediated glucose transport in a competitive manner with Ki = 60 µM and 116 µM, respectively. We conclude that silybin and dehydrosilybin inhibit cellular glucose uptake by directly interacting with GLUT transporters. Glucose starvation offers a novel explanation for the anti-cancer effects of silybin. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.--PMID: 21140442 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]



SUPERFOOD-JELLOUsing Gelatin we are going to make a super food---what we are going to do is measure off 1 cup of water—add to the blender-1/8 cup-1/4 cup of gelatin—Now add any herb you like—any dried fruit or vege you have made—any supplement to this---and then blend for 5 minutes at high speed—pour into a bowel or glass jar—allow to set til hard---then consume at leasure—the only thing that gelatin will not harden with is papapya or pineapple or any fruitor vege that is high in protolytic enzymes


Remedy Adaptogen—an adaptogen is what gives you strength or endurance or both—and can make you more resistant to becoming ill and can assist in healing an infirmary or ailment—some adpatogens are Ginseng—Rhodiola-Cordyceps—B1-B12-Creatine—B5-Fo Ti- Astragulus-Ginger-Garlic-Onion-Shizandra Berry-Goji Berry-Hawthorn Berry—

What you are going to do is choose any of the above or whatever you utilize or discover—and make a tea out of these or blend them in a juice extract ( either one you make or bought at places where they sell this )  for instance a grape extract that would be used in making wine add ¼ cup---add 3-4 oz of the tea or water ( you can go either way with this ) and add Carrot Powder/Parika/Blueberry---then add the gelatin  and water and blend  for 5-7 minutes or til everything is smoothly fused --pour into a glass bowl—let chill and you have A Super food that is great on the eyes and heart and brain –and remember gelatin converts to collagen and some of these herbs benefit more when they are combined with gelaton


Repeat the process but this add a different combination—use rosemary –bay leaf-thyme and add in there water and in the blender at 1 cup and blend til smooth orrr make a tea out of this and then use the tea water—with this combo we are enacting the brain and it’s many uses as well as increasing antioxidant levels in the body making us more resistant to becoming ill


 Repeat the process but instead use Juice—preferrably home made like carrot or apple and again once the juice is made  add to the blender and add 1 /4 cup of gelatin to 1 cup juice—and then add cinnamon and cardamom and nutmeg—this will increase antioxidant level as well as nut meg ,cinnamon, and cardamion will be used for colon issues--Gelatin will carry with it all nutrients and carry them into the cells


 This can be done in teas-juices—water---you can make protein puddings using whey and or egg protein and can utilize either honey-maple syrup - xylitol-or stevia as your sweetner nd add whey with either the juice tea –or water












Show of the Week  December  20 2010


Vinegar and it’s USES


Vinegar of the 4 thieves


Glycerol --Glycerine


ACV- Mass Reduction Formulas—Body Regulator




Vinegar and it’s USES



Vinegar of the 4 thieves

Epidemics, sudden outbreaks of diseases, have hit populations since humans began living in close proximity. The most infamous of the epidemics were the cyclic plagues or "Black Death" that hit during the Middle Ages starting around 1346. Looking back, we attribute the causes to Yersinia pestis, a plague which has three forms--pneumonic, septicemic, and bubonic--smallpox, influenza, gonorrhea, and tuberculosis. Estimates guess that anywhere from twenty-five to forty percent of the populations were killed with any one plague.
---During the dreadful years of the Black Death, a few people found the way to survive the plague that was decimating the population. Among the more colorful of these were four thieves from Marseilles who while plundering for treasures protected themselves with garlic and a concoction of herbs extracted in vinegar. The tale is a fascinating exploration of herbal lore, but there are so many versions of the story that it is up to you to choose which to believe.--
Nostradamus, 1503-1566, was a famous doctor and prophet who not only survived the plague but cured many others with what came to be known as the famous "rose petal pills." In fact, we do not know very much about the lozenges. They might have included rose hips, a rich source of natural vitamin C, as well as sawdust from green cypress, iris of Florence, cloves, odorated calamus, and perhaps some lign-aloes. Nostradamus owned a perfume manufacturing enterprise, which in his time meant distillation of plants to make essential oils. People who worked in these facilities did not succumb to the plague
[U1] . . . and we are just now emerging from our skepticism in such a way as to enable us to understand what is so effective about these highly concentrated aromatic oils.--This formula is so popular in herbal circles that some people have organized "Four Thieves" parties where groups of people produce big batches of the formula during times of epidemics. There are, as one might imagine, many versions of the formula, all, of course, claimed to be authentic.--The famous French aromatherapy doctor, Jean Valnet, has two recipes in his book. He claims the original recipe was revealed by corpse robbers who were caught red-handed in the area around Toulouse in 1628-1631. His story is the more credible of the many one can find. Given the virulence and deadliness of the plague, the judges were astonished by the indifference of the thieves to contagion. Valnet quotes the archives of the Parliament of Toulouse:----During the Great Plague, four robbers were convicted of going to the houses of plague victims, strangling them in their beds and then looting their dwellings. For this, they were condemned to be burned at the stake, and in order to have their sentence mitigated, they revealed their secret preservative, after which they were hanged.[U2]   -Given the source, I choose to believe the Valnet account, but there have obviously been many spins of the tale. Here is the recipe stated to be the original:


Original Recipe for Four Thieves Formula
3 pints
white wine vinegar
juniper berries
wild marjoram
2 oz.
elecampane root
2 oz.
2 oz.
2 oz.
3 g

Dr. Valnet has a variation of his own described as an antiseptic vinegar:
Marseilles Vinegar or Four Thieves Vinegar

40 g.
greater wormwood, Artemesia absinthum
40 g.
lesser wormwood, Artemesia pontica
40 g.
40 g.
40 g.
40 g.
40 g.
5 g.
5 g.
5 g.
5 g.
5 g.

10 g.
camphor (do not use synthetic camphor it is poison!)

40 g.
crystallized acetic acid
2500 g.
white vinegar

Instructions: steep the plants in the vinegar for 10 days. Force through a sieve. Add the camphor dissolved in the acetic acid, filter.

Valnet says this remedy, i.e., his formula is useful in the prevention of infectious diseases. He says to rub it on the face and hands and burn it in the room. It can also be kept in small bottles that are carried on the person so that the vapors can be inhaled.

Dr. John Christopher had a slightly different story and a variation of the formula that is clearly American, not French. His "Four Thieves" story is that there was a man named Richard Forthave who developed a remedy for the plague that was marketed under his name, a name which was corrupted to "Four Thieves." There might indeed have been grave robbers who used this remedy to protect themselves while they divested corpses of treasures they would no longer need. The King of France had the thieves arrested and they bought their freedom with the remedy they had been using. Thus, the remedy did not fall into obscurity and has been used for centuries since to protect against contagion.

Dr. John Christopher Plague Formula
8 parts
apple cider vinegar
5 parts
glycerine U.S.P.
5 parts
2 parts
garlic juice, fresh
2 parts
comfrey root concentrate*
1 part
wormwood concentrate
1 part
lobelia leaf and/or seed concentrate
1 part
marshmallow root concentrate
1 part
oak bark concentrate
1 part
black walnut bark concentrate
1 part
mullein leaf concentrate
1 part
skullcap leaf concentrate
1 part
uva ursi, hydrangea, or gravel root concentrate

Mix the ingredients well!

How to make the concentrates:
--Each concentrate should be made individually. Start by soaking the herb for four hours or more in enough distilled water to cover it completely. After soaking, add more distilled water so that the total added equals 16 oz. (.5 liter) water per 4 oz. (113 grams) herb. Use a multiple of these amounts for a larger quantity of formula. Using these amounts approximately one gallon (3.75 liters) of the formula will be produced.--
After adding the appropriate amount of distilled water to the soaked herb, simmer the herb on very low heat in a covered pan or double boiler for thirty minutes. Then strain the liquid into a clean pan. Put the liquid into a double boiler or on very low heat (uncovered) and simmer (steam) it down to one fourth of the original volume (4 oz. 1256 ml). Only after all ingredients have been prepared should the liquids be mixed.
---Do not use aluminum, Teflon, or cracked porcelain. Glass, corning ware or stainless steel or whole porcelain are best.

Dosage: 1 tsp. 3 times a day; or 1 tablespoon every 1/2 hour if infected.

1 pint
unpasteurized apple cider vinegar
5 drops
rosemary oil
5 drops
oregano oil
5 drops
lavender oil
5 drops
sage oil
5 drops
peppermint oil
5 drops
clove oil
4 drops
lemon oil
3 drops
black pepper oil
1 drop
capsicum oil
1 head
garlic finely diced
3 oz
ginger finely sliced
4 oz
echinacea tincture

Rosemary, being a strong antiseptic, was one of the choice herbs. Wormwood and rue are the bitterest of herbs. Both are antiseptics and vermifuges (kill worms.) Wormwood has been used internally, and excessive amounts can cause convulsions. Lavender and peppermint are high in volatile oils, hence excellent ingredients for a very good insect repellent, as well as being pleasant smelling. Sage, among other good things, is a lymphatic, which is an important fact to remember in case of a bubonic-type disease outbreak. Of course, garlic, as the king of herbs, is a wonder drug. Within its paper-thin wrapping is found a host of beneficial properties, far too many to list. But it does have specific properties that are antiseptic, antimicrobial, antibiotic and, antifungal—chemicals that kill parasites. If I were ever lost in a sick, hostile world, I would not take medicine; I would take garlic. Always keep a sack in your kitchen, and go to the library to learn how to use it.

The Vinegar of the Four Thieves is a super-strong insect repellent. It should be diluted with water to half strength if you spray it directly on your skin. This repellent can be used many ways. Splashed on your socks or shoes will discourage ticks, chiggers, and mites. An herbal cloth kept in your pocket and rubbed on your skin every hour or so would be very beneficial during outdoor work or recreation. Or, a nightly bath with a little herbal vinegar and oil will keep it on your skin for many hours and could prove helpful for families who live in the country or while out on camping trips.

Vinegar of the 4 Thieves

2 quarts of apple cider vinegar

2 tablespoons lavender

2 tablespoons rosemary

2 tablespoons sage

2 tablespoons wormwood

2 tablespoons rue

2 tablespoons mint

2 tablespoons fresh, chopped garlic

Combine dried herbs (except garlic) and vinegar in a one-gallon jar with lid, and soak in the sun for 2 weeks, shaking often. Then strain out the used herbs, and retain the herbal liquid mixture. Add several cloves of crushed garlic, and close lid. Let soak for three days, and strain out the garlic fiber and discard. This liquid tincture needs to be stored in a cool place, like the refrigerator, or it can be preserved by canning. Fill canning jar with boiling liquid tincture to within one-half inch of top. Cap with rubber seal canning lid, tighten ring, and turn hot jar upside down; leave it undisturbed until it cools to room temperature. This will cause the jar to seal. Don’t forget to date and label it.

Four Thieves Vinegar: Antiviral, Germicide and Possible Alternative for Flu Shots

According to herbalist Elizabeth Kastner, "During the height of the plague in France in 1721, it was discovered that the homes of disease victims were being ransacked. At first, no effort was made to find the criminals, since all knew they were fools, soon to die of the plague.

"As time went on, it became apparent that the thieves were continuing in their raids... and quite inexplicably, avoiding falling victim to the disease. Soon, they became highly sought -- not due to their crimes, but in an effort to learn their secret.

"When they were finally captured, they refused to speak until a bargain was offered: remain silent and hang. Divulge the secret to their resistance to the deadly plague and walk away.

"It seems that the mother of several of the boys was a midwife and had a recipe which used plants which were easily wildcrafted... yet, she knew that this would change immediately if anyone learned the formula, so she swore her children to secrecy. Her sons saved their necks and shared the recipe for the disinfectant, which is still used in France to this day."

Given the simple ingredients of Four Thieves Vinegar and with all the yammering about smallpox, bioterrorism diseases, and flu vaccine shortages in the news these days, it seems prudent to me to prepare a home stock of this historical preventative for dread diseases. According to Kastner, the traditional recipe for Four Thieves Vinegar "makes a lot of sense, medicinally speaking."

You can make your own "Four Thieves Vinegar" by following the simple recipe below.

Use equal parts of the following herbs:

* Lavender
* Sage
* Thyme
* Melissa (lemon balm)
* Hyssop
* Peppermint
* A handful of garlic cloves

Blend ingredients in a glass jar and cover completely with organic, unpasteurized apple cider vinegar, which is available in most health food stores. Cold infuse (let sit at room temperature in a cool place) for six weeks and then strain off herbs and garlic.

You can take Four Thieves Vinegar by the teaspoonful, use it as a salad dressing, or even add a spoonful to your bath water for personal protection. Four Thieves Vinegar and warmed organic coconut oil make an excellent salad dressing.

You can also use it as a topical spray to disinfect surfaces -- including skin -- and/or you can take it as a tincture. All of the ingredients in Four Thieves Vinegar are either potent antibacterials or antivirals!

Four Thieves Vinegar

In my explorations of the history and uses of lavender, I came across some interesting information about Four Thieves Vinegar. I'd heard of it before, but didn't know what it meant:

ØThe Legend of Four Thieves Vinegar×

One version goes that in the 1630's, when the plague was raging in France, the town of Toulouse was beset with looters. Four looters were apprehended, but rather than punish them, the judge offered them a deal. Amazed at their continued health after wandering though homes and businesses abandoned by their terrified (or dead) owners, the judge offered to let the thieves go if they gave him the secret of their resistance to the plague.

What was their famous secret? It was a vinegar made from thyme, rosemary, sage, and lavender. This infusion was termed thieves vinegar. Although garlic was added to the mixture later, this basic infusion became famous, and was used for hundreds of years, both internally and externally, to provide protection from the dreaded plague.

ØHow to make Four Thieves Vinegar×

There are a number of recipes available for four thieves vinegar, but the original w
as probably something like this--Use equal parts thyme, rosemary, sage, and lavender. Place herbs in a jar and cover with (apple cider) vinegar. Seal and place in a cool, dark place for six weeks. Strain into a spray bottle or clean jar and use as a disinfectant.--The original herbal ingredients are all strong antibacterial agents, as is the vinegar.---Variations on the recipe add sweet smelling herbs like mint and lemon balm to the mixture. Garlic was also added, and although it was probably an excellent addition from an antibacterial standpoint, it was not one of the original herbs used.---NOTE: the four thieves originally used vinegared red wine, not apple cider vinegar.[U3] ---Natural antiseptics can be made at home instead of buying commercial disinfectants that we are now finding out may cause drug resistance.--
ØPlace a small handful each of dried lavender, rosemary, sage, rue and mint in a large jar, and cover completely with organic apple cider vinegar. Cover tightly and set for six weeks. Strain into a spray bottle. Whereas no home can be made to be sterile, spray the powerfully antiseptic Vinegar of Four Thieves recipe in areas of concern, such as on cutting boards and door knobs, always making sure to avoid your eyes.

ØFour Thieves Vinegar—Easiest and Effective and should super boost the immune system from Viruses—Fungals –Bacterials Microbials

2 QT Apple Cider Vinegar
2 Tbls Lavender
2 Tbls Rosemary
2 Tbls Sage
2 Tbls Wormwood
2 Tbls Rue
2 Tbls Mint

The herbs can be fresh, powdered or whole. Please understand and make sure that you know this is absolutely not for drinking. Wormwood can kill a person.
( The precaution here maybe unwarranted due to the fact that this is vinegar and most people do not go out of there way to gorge themselves on vinegar but rather the alcohol)
Put the herbs in the vinegar. Shake well. Let is sit in the sun for two weeks.

Open. Drop in six cloves of garlic. Cap it. Shake well. Let sit in sun for one week.

Strain. Pour into bottles or jar. Seal with wax or add glycerin to preserve it.


Current theorists suggest that this formula, now called “Four Thieves Vinegar”, may offer protection against fearsome possible threats, such as the flu, smallpox, and biological weapons, which concern us today, as all of its ingredients are either strong anti-bacterial agents, or have potent anti-viral properties.


1 part lavender, dried
1 part sage, dried
1 part thyme, dried
1 part lemon balm (melissa), dried
1 part hyssop, dried
1 part peppermint, dried
1 handful garlic cloves
Raw (unpasteurized), organic apple cider vinegar

• In a glass jar, place all dry ingredients.
• Add raw (unpasteurized), organic apple cider vinegar to cover
• Place jar in a cool place and let sit, at room temperature, for six weeks.
• Strain off herbs and garlic, and decant to a glass bottle or jar with a tight fitting lid.

• Take a teaspoonful several times daily.
• Add to salads either directly or in a salad dressing.
• For personal protection, add a teaspoonful to bath water.
• Use as a topical spray for disinfecting surfaces and/or skin

juniper berries
white wine vinegar

Essential Oil Mixes
1 part eucalyptus
1 part rosemary
1 part cinnamon
1 part clove
1 part lemon
Carrier oil (olive, jojoba, or your choice)

10 drops of each oil in a 2 oz. bottle and then top it off a carrier oil of your choice
An alternative recipe:

10 drops Clove Bud Oil
5 drops thyme
drops Cinnamon Oil
5 drops Eucalyptus Oil
10 drops Rosemary

Mix with jojoba oil.


• Apply 1-2 drops of Four Thieves on the bottoms of the feet and on the nape of the neck.
• Apply under the arms and on the chest.
• Diffuse for 20 minutes or less at work or at home.



Glycerol --Glycerine

Glycerol, also known as glycerin, is an alcohol compound that is most commonly found in the diet as a component of fat or triglycerides and serves as the backbone onto which fatty acid molecules are attached. Glycerol is marketed as a dietary aid for "hyperhydrating" the body by increasing blood volume and helping to delay dehydration. Therefore, endurance athletes training and competing in hot, humid environments might be interested in the common claims for glycerol that it can increase blood volume, enhance temperature regulation, reduce dehydration, and improve exercise performance in the heat. --For endurance athletes engaged in strenuous training or competition in hot environments, consumption of glycerol-containing beverages may help hydrate tissues, increase blood volume, and delay the fatigue and exhaustion associated with dehydration.---Several studies support the theory that glycerol added to fluids will increase tissue hydration compared with drinking fluid without glycerol added. Following glycerol consumption, heart rate and body core temperature are lower during exercise in the heat (Jimenez 1999), suggesting an ergogenic (performance-enhancing) effect. In long-duration activities, such as running and cycling in the heat, a larger supply of stored water may lead to a delay in dehydration and exhaustion (Wagner, 1999). Both laboratory and field studies confirm the modestly ergogenic effects of glycerol on endurance performance (Inder 1998; Meyer 1995; Montner 1996).. It is important to note that these benefits, although noted for trained endurance athletes exercising in hot, humid environments, are not necessarily observed in athletes who are less well trained or are exercising in more temperate climates (Arnall and Goforth, 1993; Wagner, 1999).---No significant adverse side effects are associated with glycerin diluted with fluids, but some subjects may experience headaches, nausea, and diarrhea following glycerol consumption (Wagner, 1999).---In patients for whom increased blood volume may be undesirable, including those with conditions such as pregnancy, high blood pressure, diabetes, or kidney disease, glycerol supplementation should be avoided. Because the recommended dose of glycerol relates to the amount of total body water, larger people typically require more glycerol to obtain the desired hydration effects. Approximately 1 g of glycerin per kilogram (2.2 Ib) of body weight is diluted in 20-25 ml of liquid.


Glycerol Stearate

Natural Sources: Starting materials used for making commercial grade Glycerol Stearate (a normal byproduct of digestion) can be obtained from animal fats and plant oils including soya bean, palm kernel and corn oil ( And Coconut as well). Glycerol Stearate is generally prepared commercially from glycerine and fatty acids derived from corn or hydrogenated soya bean oil and coconut.

Forms: Glycerol Monostearate; Glycerol monohydroxystearate

Therapeutic Uses: - Drug Delivery - Eczema – Emollient – Emulsifier – Moisturizer

Overview: Glycerol stearate is a natural fatty compound often used as an emulsifier, emulsion stabilizer, emollient, moisturizer and viscosity builder in creams and lotions. It is also used as an opacifying and pearlizing agent in cosmetics. Glycerol stearate can be of plant origin (corn-based), animal source or synthetic and is considered to be biodegradable, practically non-toxic orally and causes no skin and minimal eye irritation. It is dispersible in water and is also soluble in oil and alcohol, making it an ideal ingredient for cosmetics. Glycerol monostearate (GMS) is also used as an ingredient in cosmetics as well as in food products. In a clinical trial with over 1,200 patients with eczema, glycerol monostearate was found to produce absolutely no adverse reactions in a test of common emulsifiers (all other emulsifiers tested did cause adverse reactions in a significant percentage of patients). It is used to keep bakery goods fresh, improve flour quality, and as an emulsifying and whopping agent for ready-to-eat products. It is also used in ice cream formulations, starch products, milk products, chewing gum, chocolates and other foods. It also serves as a softer in textiles and as an external lubricant for plastics. Another form of this chemical often used in cosmetics is glycerol monohydroxystearate, an off-white wax with physical properties similar to beeswax. It provides the functional characteristics of glycerol stearate and enhanced properties such as improved emulsion stability, bodying and thickening properties and greater dispersability of colorants and active materials. Semi-synthetic forms of glycerol stearate often use stearic acid isolated from palm oil as a starting material, another waxy fatty acid widely used in cosmetics and soap. The glycerol component of glycerol stearate can be from beef fat, petroleum, or vegetable source and is itself used as a solvent and humectant (maintains the desired moisture level).

Chemistry: Glycerol stearate is a fatty compound (C17H35COO)3C3H5). The formula for the hydrocarbon radical (R­) in the fat glycerol stearate is C17H35. Glycerol stearate has a melting point of 58°C / 136°F, an acid value of 15, and an iodine value of 1.5. Fats are technically described as esters of fatty acids and glycerol (soaps are metallic salts of fatty acids). The reaction of glycerol stearate with sodium hydroxide to produce the soap sodium stearate has the following chemical equation: C17H35COO)3C3H5 + 3 NaOH -> C3H5(OH)3 + 3 C17H35COONa. Glycerol monostearate has an acid value of 2% and a maximum iodine value of 5. It is classified as an anionic modified emulsifier recommended for use in oil or water emulsions that are in the pH range of 5 - 9. It has a melting point of between 54º - 60ºC, monoglyceride content between 42-45%, maximum free glycerine content of 10% and water content of 1.5%. Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids (glyceryl monostearate, glyceryl distearate) are a normal part of digestion, prepared commercially from glycerine and fatty acids. These are normally obtained from hydrogenated soya bean oil ( Coconut oil as well )so may be GMP grade.



Glycerol and the skin: holistic approach to its origin and functions.

Fluhr JW, Darlenski R, Surber C. Bioskin, Seydelstr. 18, 10117 Berlin, Germany.


Glycerol is a trihydroxy alcohol that has been included for many years in topical dermatological preparations. In addition, endogenous glycerol plays a role in skin hydration, cutaneous elasticity and epidermal barrier repair. The aquaporin-3 transport channel and lipid metabolism in the pilosebaceous unit have been evidenced as potential pathways for endogenous delivery of glycerol and for its metabolism in the skin. Multiple effects of glycerol on the skin have been reported. The diverse actions of the polyol glycerol on the epidermis include improvement of stratum corneum hydration, skin barrier function and skin mechanical properties, inhibition of the stratum corneum lipid phase transition, protection against irritating stimuli, enhancement of desmosomal degradation, and acceleration of wound-healing processes. Even an antimicrobial effect has been demonstrated. Topical application of glycerol-containing products improves skin properties in diseases characterized by xerosis and impaired epidermal barrier function, such as atopic dermatitis. The increase of epidermal hydration by glycerol is critical in skin conditions aggravated by dry and cold environmental conditions, e.g. winter xerosis. This paper provides a review on effects of glycerol on the skin, the mechanisms of its action, and the potential applications of glycerol in dermatology.-- PMID: 18510666 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


Glycerol-induced hyperhydration: a method for estimating the optimal load of fluid to be ingested before exercise to maximize endurance performance.

Goulet ED.

McGill Nutrition and Food Science Centre, McGill University Health Centre, Royal Victoria Hospital, Montréal, Québec, Canada.


Glycerol-induced hyperhydration (GIH) has been shown to increase endurance performance (EP). However, EP starts declining at a dehydration level >2% body weight (BW). It thus appears that the use of GIH is only required when athletes anticipate that their fluid intake during exercise would not be sufficient to prevent a loss of BW >2%. In such a scenario, the optimal GIH load to be ingested before exercise would correspond to the amount of fluid that cannot be drunk during exercise and that would be just sufficient to keep the dehydration level <2% BW. No method exists enabling the estimation of the most optimal GIH load to be drunk before exercise to optimize EP. Here, such a method comprising 3 easy steps is presented. Step 1 provides a formula allowing users to determine relative exercise-induced dehydration level based on individual BW, exercise time, and estimated hourly sweat rate and fluid consumption during exercise. Step 2 takes into account the result of step 1 and provides a formula allowing determination of the minimal GIH load required before exercise to prevent a loss of BW >2%. Step 3 consists of identifying, among those pre-selected, a GIH protocol that increases body water by at least the amount computed in step 2. This method will remove much of the guess work involved in the decision-making process of the optimal amount of GIH that should be ingested before exercise by athletes for maximizing EP and will serve as a practical reference tool for all athletes using, and coaches, practitioners, and exercise physiologists recommending the utilization of, GIH as an ergogenic aid.


Glycerin, also called glycerol, is a thick, colorless and odorless liquid derived from fats and oils used in making soap. It’s used in various industries and products, such as antifreeze, sweeteners, dynamite, cosmetics, inks and lubricants. Glycerin is frequently found in skin care products, although there are prescription formulations for specialized health procedures and diseases. Although over-the-counter products containing glycerin are generally safe, prescription glycerin products shouldn’t be used if you have difficulty passing urine or are dehydrated, or have fluid in the lungs or congestive heart failure.

Cerebral Edema

Glycerin is given to patients intravenously to relieve pressure in the brain due to conditions such as stroke, meningitis, encephalitis, Reye’s syndrome and tumors. The treatment has been well studied through the years; a report in the March 1982 Journal of Neurosurgery found glycerol to be effective and safe when used to treat intracranial hypertension, without the dehydrating effects of other methods.


Glycerin suppositories are often prescribed for the short-term treatment of constipation. They work by lubricating and mildly irritating the lining of the intestines, causing the muscles to contract, while pulling water from the intestines into the stool to make it easier for the stools to pass. Side effects from this treatment can include nausea, vomiting, fecal impaction, intestinal obstruction and abdominal pain.


Glycerin has been used since the 1960s as an oral supplement to treat glaucoma and other eye conditions where there is increased pressure. One of the first studies, published in the British Journal of Ophthalmology in 1965, discovered that oral glycerol brought the tension of acute glaucomatous eyes down to normal levels within an hour. Hyperglycemia has been reported after treatment by oral glycerol and it should therefore be used with caution in treating diabetics. Other side effects may include nausea, diarrhea and headaches.


Glycerin is a natural humectant, meaning it easily absorbs water from other sources, particularly useful in treating dry skin. However, when used in its pure form, glycerin can actually increase water loss by attracting water from the lower layers of skin to the surface, where the water is easily be lost into the environment. This is why glycerin and humectants are combined with other ingredients to soften skin,

Physical Endurance

A study at the Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Albuquerque in 1996 found that glycerol supplements given to athletes prior to exercise prolonged endurance time and lowered heart rates during exercise activity. A separate, earlier study at the University of New Mexico had already established that giving glycerol to athletes in high-heat conditions reduced urine volume and rectal temperature and increased the sweat rate. This led the researchers to conclude that giving athletes glycerol prior to exercise increases hydration within cells, allowing tissues to remain hydrated during prolonged endurance.

Skin Disease

The same humectant qualities glycerin possesses may have a therapeutic benefit for skin diseases. Researchers at the Medical College of Georgia showed that glycerol helps skin cells mature properly, allowing the youngest cells to move up from the deepest layer and eventually grow to mature surface cells that emit lipids to protect the skin. The research, published in the December, 2003 issue of The Journal of Investigative Dermatology, concluded that glycerin may be able to help patients with conditions such as psoriasis and non-melanoma skin cancers that result from the abnormal proliferation and maturation of skin cells.


Summary--Glycerol increases hydration within cells, allowing tissues to remain hydrated during prolonged endurance exercise, when taken in combination with ample amounts of water. It's also been shown to reveal (or give the illusion of) greater muscle definition and a more vascular appearance.- Other names for Glycerol-- glycerine, glycerin--- Where to find Glycerol--Glycerol is found in some foods and pharmaceuticals as a sweetening agent, but the amounts are so small they aren't beneficial.


Why athletes use Glycerol

Endurance athletes, especially marathoners and triathletes, have found glycerol beneficial during long-term strenuous activities by preventing dehydration — a major cause of fatigue. As a "last-minute prep" before photo shoots and such, some bodybuilders and models claim it helps reduce water retention, giving the illusion of increased muscle definition and vascularity.

Ways that Glycerol can enhance Fat Loss:

·                 Give the illusion of enhanced muscle definition and vascularity

Ways that Glycerol can enhance Energy & Endurance:

·                 Replace lost fluids, hydrating muscle tissues to reduce fatigue and enhance performance

Lower heart rate and body temperature to support the body during endurance activities


Signs of Glycerol deficiency---No deficiency conditions are known to exist.

Potential uses for Glycerol

Research indicates that Glycerol may be useful in the treatment of: --  Dehydration --Glaucoma

 More about Glycerol---Glycerol is the backbone of triglycerides and phospholipids and is naturally produced in our bodies. It has become a popular supplement among endurance athletes because it appears to help prevent dehydration during long-term exercise. More recently, people more interested in showing off their physiques, such as bodybuilders and models, have found that glycerol may help make their muscles look more defined.-- How it works-Preliminary studies indicate glycerol draws water into the bloodstream and holds it there, somewhat like a sponge. This can be an enormous advantage for endurance athletes because as much as three to four pounds of fluid can be lost during strenuous exercise. By replacing this fluid during exercise, we may delay fatigue and significantly boost performance levels. Recent studies also suggest glycerol may prevent the breakdown of muscle through its protein-sparing action

Stay cool during hot competition--Staying properly hydrated can also prevent more serious conditions, such as heat exhaustion and even stroke. And it can prevent a drop in your blood plasma levels. Sufficient blood plasma levels are needed to carry vital nutrients and oxygen to muscle cells. A drop in blood plasma levels can increase the time it takes for muscles to recover after exercise, and it may make it more difficult for your skin to cool down quickly.-Studies show that athletes training for more than one hour can exercise longer and maintain a cooler body temperature longer when they supplement with a water-glycerol mixture. Drinking glycerol before exercise may reduce the amount of water lost and protect against dangerous dehydration. Drinking glycerol after exercise may help rehydrate your body more quickly for a faster recovery. In conclusion-Glycerol's hydrating benefits and potential muscle-definition-enhancing properties may make it a powerful tool for the hard-training athlete. Especially useful when training for long periods of time in hot weather, glycerol may be a potent weapon in the fight against fatigue and dehydration


The amount of glycerol used depends more on bodyweight than anything else. Note, water intake with glycerol is also very important.

·                 For people who weigh less than 125 lbs, 25 ml is recommended with at least 8 oz of water.

·                 For those who weigh 125 to 200, 50 ml with at least 16 oz of water is recommended.

·                 And those over 200 lbs may need up to 75 ml with at least 24 oz of water.

Some experts suggest even more specific amounts with greater amounts of water: about half a milliliter for every pound of bodyweight with 20 times more water than glycerol. For example, a 150-lb person would use 75 ml of glycerol with 1,500 ml of water (that is, a little over 6 cups or 100 oz).


Experts recommend taking glycerol over a period of a few hours during strenuous exercise or a half hour before exercise and again immediately after.

Synergists of Glycerol

Glycerol attracts water like a magnet and thus helps carry water throughout the body with it. Without sufficient water intake, glycerol may actually dehydrate the body, so water and glycerol must be used together.

Safety of Glycerol

Some people report bloating, nausea, and lightheadedness, so you may want to give glycerol a test run several days before competition to see how your body responds.

Toxicity of Glycerol---No known toxicity.

Bans and restrictions- None reported




Bahr, R., et al., "Effect of Exercise on Recovery Changes in Plasma Levels of FFA, Glycerol, Glucose and Catecholamines," Acta Physiol Scand 143.1 (1991) : 105-15.

Gleeson, M., et al., "Comparison of the Effects of Pre-Exercise Feeding of Glucose, Glycerol and Placebo on Endurance and Fuel Homeostasis in Man," Eur J Appl Physiol 55.6 (1986) : 645-53.

Inder, W.J., et al., "The Effect of Glycerol and Desmopressin on Exercise Performance and Hydration in Triathletes," Med Sci Sports Exerc 30.8 (1998) : 1263-9.

Klein, S., et al., "Effect of Endurance Training on Glycerol Kinetics During Strenuous Exercise in Humans," Metabolism 45.3 (1996) : 357-61.

Lyons, T.P., and Riedesel, M.L., "Effects of Glycerol-Induced Hyperhydration Prior to Exercise in the Heat on Sweating and Core Temperature," Med Sci Sports Exerc 53.23 (1990) : 1779-87.

Maughan, R.J., and Gleeson, M., "Influence of a 36 h Fast Followed by Refeeding with Glucose, Glycerol or Placebo on Metabolism and Performance During Prolonged Exercise in Man," Eur J Appl Physiol 57.5 (1988) : 570-6.

Montner, P., et al., "Pre-Exercise Glycerol Hydration Improves Cycling Endurance Time," Int J Sports Med 17.1 (1996) : 27-33.




ACV- Mass Reduction Formulas—Body Regulator


ØRecent studies show a straight 5% solution of vinegar kills 99% of bacteria, 82% of common mold & 80% of germs & viruses. It’s a great germ and virus fighter in homes, kitchens, baths and in hospitals, labs, etc. Some mix it with water to wash windows, as it removes sludge and keeps them sparkling clean, as it does for the body. ACV has hundreds of uses and its versatility is legendary as a powerful household cleansing and deodorizing agent, free of dangerous chemicals.

Apple cider vinegar (ACV) is prepared by pulverizing apples into a slurry of juice and pulp. Yeast and sugars are added to the slurry to begin the fermentation process. Yeast converts the sugars into alcohol, which is then oxidized by the Acetobacter species of bacteria to acetic acid. The sour taste of apple cider vinegar is from the acetic acid content, which also creates the acidity.

ØApple cider vinegar has been used alone and in combination with other agents for numerous health conditions (1). For example, in combination with grapefruit and kelp, apple cider vinegar has been used orally for weight loss.  Another suggestion that a combination of apple cider, kelp, vitamin B6, and lecithin


ØSo to make this you would need a whole grapefruit---juiced or blended and strained take equal parts of ACV or any vinegar of your choice –add up to 4 drops of lugols to this –and use with either a sunflower lecithin capsule or oil—and a B6 supplement 100mg---this causes reduction in body mass without the jitters and allows for better breaking down of excesses of fats in the liver and stimulates HCL productions as well—the lugols with this will stimulate the thyroid to regulate temetabolic rate---

ØYou can add the B6 and lecithin or just mix the vinegar iodine and grapefruit juie all together either way you may even feel arthritic issues disappear







 [U1]indicating that alcohol and essential oils have healing and protective properties if used accurately

 [U2]goes to show you that if you cooperate with the law and you have a million dollar idea ---they will kill you off once they have the secrets---lessoned the hard way for these thieves

 [U3]And the red wine vinegar should still beused due to the fact that the polyphenols may be a the key to the impact of the remedy---once something is fermetnted down the sugars are lost but the antioxidant profiles are exceedingly high as a result the herbs would last longer in the system having the antioxidant support





Show of the Week  December 27 2010


Canada's public water systems could be up for sale under CETA


Nitric Oxide-Donating Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs Inhibit the Growth of Various Cultured Human Cancer Cells: Evidence of a Tissue Type-Independent Effect ---


Recipe for Nitric Oxide and Acetylsalicylic acid


Original Human 'Stone Age' Diet Is Good For People With Diabetes,

Trans-Palmitoleic acid --dairy fatty acid cuts type 2 diabetes risk



Canada's public water systems could be up for sale under CETA

 The Council of Canadians and The Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE) released a report last week raising serious concerns about the threat a trade deal with the European Union poses to Canada's public water systems.
  Public Water For
Sale: How Canada will privatize our public water systems is a report to municipal, provincial and territorial governments regarding the Canada European Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA). It warns that public water in Canada will be lost unless the provinces and territories take immediate steps to remove water from the scope of negotiations.>
CETA would open up public municipal water systems across
Canada to privatization. Europe is home to private water giants such as Veolia Environment and Suez. At the request of these private, for-profit water corporations, Canada's provincial and territorial governments are considering including drinking water and wastewater services in their services commitments under CETA. Once systems are privatized, public control and accountability would be lost.--  "CETA is a water privatization deal," says Maude Barlow, National Chairperson of the Council of Canadians. "Our public water is being negotiated away behind closed doors. We need to act now or we will wake up one morning and our public water systems will be gone."--CUPE and the Council of Canadians are calling on the provinces and territories to assert their jurisdiction and protect water from being opened up to private corporate interests.
 To read the report, go here:




The federal, provincial and territorial governments in Canada are currently negotiating a Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) with the European Union that presents a serious threat to Canada’s public water systems. At the request of Europe’s large private water companies, the provinces and territories are considering including drinking water and wastewater services in their CETA commitments. EU negotiators are also asking that Canada’s municipalities and their water utilities be included in a chapter on public procurement. Initial provincial-territorial offers in services, procurement and investment will be sent to the European Commission early in January 2011. --If CETA is negotiated on these terms, it would be the first time that Canada has allowed our drinking water to be fully covered under a trade treaty and the first instance that a trade agreement has covered municipal procurement of water services. The services and procurement commitments proposed in CETA would be protected by strong investor rights. The effect of these rights as they relate to the services and procurement provisions would be to lock in existing private water contracts, restrict how local governments regulate the activity and investment of private water companies, and to encourage more private sector involvement in a number of public service sectors, including water. --The federal, provincial and territorial governments are being asked to make these commitments to the EU during what has been described as an infrastructure crisis in Canada. Municipalities and First Nations communities are under pressure to upgrade aging water facilities, and to meet new environmental and safety legislation without access to proper financial resources. At least $31 billion is needed to cover the cost of the facility upgrades, and the estimated cost of the new sanitation regulations is $20 billion. Not surprisingly, the private water industry sees leaky pipes as an opportunity to increase its role in water delivery and treatment. Existing government programs, including the Building Canada Plan, and funding initiatives under Public Private Partnershps Canada (PPP Canada Inc.), encourage privatization as a condition of receiving federal money for municipal infrastructure projects. Experiments with privatization have failed all over the world, and a growing trend in Europe, the United States and Latin America is toward remunicipalization (or de-privatization) of private and P3 water projects. Time and again, partial or full privatization of water systems has been a disaster; accountability disappears, water rates go up, workers are laid off, service levels decline. Once public revenues are transformed into private profits remunicipalization will become next to impossible under the services, investment and procurement rules set out in CETA. There are no economic or social gains from agreeing to the EU requests as they relate to water services. There are only unnecessary and costly risks to Canada's municipalities and First Nations.-- Provincial, territorial and municipal governments must take immediate action to protect Canada's public water systems from decay and privatization --. As one of the wealthiest countries in the world, solving the infrastructure crisis in municipalities and First Nations communities is a matter of political will, not adequate funding. First, government procurement and trade-in-services commitments related to water systems must be rejected in CETA. Provincial and territorial governments must work with municipalities and the federal government to develop a public funding plan to upgrade Canada's neglected water infrastructure. Finally, all levels of government must be transparent with Canadians about the effect that CETA will have on the provision of public services and development of social policy. They should seek informed consent from Canadians on what provisions a trade agreement with the EU should and should not include.



Bill S-11 titled “Safe Drinking Water for First Nations Act” was tabled in Parliament on May 26, 2010. The stated objective of ensuring First Nations have access to safe drinking water was swiftly called into question when the federal government did not make clear how these regulations would be implemented. On June 9, 2010 the National Chief issued a national bulletin on the issue stating that--Bill S-11, does not guarantee that First Nations will have access to safe drinking water. Without funding for infrastructure/facilities, skills, resources, training and support, safe drinking water for First Nations will not be guaranteed. … the AFN is calling on the federal government to engage in real action to address the capacity gap as well as working towards a regulatory regime that reflects our rights, jurisdiction and delivers equitable and guaranteed access to safe drinking water.17--Among the many concerns regarding Bill S-11 are the fact that First Nations communities were never consulted, and the fact that Canada will have the authority to force First Nations into agreements with third parties to operate First Nation water systems. The private sector will have the ability to enter First Nations as owners and operators of water and wastewater facilities due to a lack of infrastructure, resources and training within First Nations. Private operation of public facilities can lead to higher costs of service and user fees downloaded to First Nations resulting in further inequality. An added problem is that set-asides 9 Public Water for Sale: How Canada Will Privatize Our Public Water Systems --- for First Nations companies, an important means for provincial-territorial governments to encourage economic development, may be lost to the CETA procurement chapter.

»»RECOMMENDATION 2: The federal government should respect the right of First Nations communities to prior informed consent, and must consult and include them in any negotiations having to do with the water and wastewater facilities on First Nations reserves. Direct financial support will also be required to improve water and wastewater facilities on First Nations reserves and communities beyond 2012 when funding for the First Nations Water and Wastewater Action Plan (FNWWAP) expires.





London, England: Metronet was one of two P3s used for maintenance and upgrade of the London Underground system in the UK. In 2007 it collapsed when it ran out of money after overspending by ₤2 billion (nearly CDN$4 billion) through a P3 where it awarded its own shareholders overpriced contracts. It also failed to carry out work on time or on budget. A parliamentary report written after its failure stated:“Whether or not the Metronet failure was primarily the fault of the particular companies involved, we are inclined to the view that the model itself was flawed and probably inferior to traditional public-sector management. We can be more confident in this conclusion now that the potential for inefficiency and failure in the private sector has been so clearly demonstrated. In comparison, whatever the potential inefficiencies of the public sector, proper public scrutiny and the opportunity of meaningful control is likely to provide superior value for money. Crucially, it also offers protection from catastrophic failure. It is worth remembering that when private companies fail to deliver on large public projects they can walk away—the taxpayer is inevitably forced to pick up the pieces.”10

Manila, Philippines: After passing the Water Crisis Act in 1995 the Philippines signed a $283 million privatization plan managed partially by multinational firms Suez and Bechtel. It wasn’t long before tariff prices increased, water service and quality worsened, and public opposition skyrocketed. Today, some Filipinos still don’t have water connections, tariffs have increased from 300 to 700 per cent in some regions, and outbreaks of cholera and gastroenteritis have killed six people and severely sickened 725 in Manila’s Tondo district.11

Frankfurt, Germany: In 2007 the government in Germany entered into a P3 agreement with Hochtief for several schools. Using conventional public procurement the construction of the educational centre would have been €4million cheaper, according to an audit report. For the next 20 years the contract with Hochtief required €12.1 million annually which amounted to between 17% and 36% of the total budget for school buildings in Frankfurt, leaving the remaining schools with very limited budgets.

Montreal, Quebec: In June 2010, the Quebec Auditor General slammed the Montreal Public Private Partnership project and found the public option would save the province $10.4 million. For four years in a row, Quebec’s Auditor General has found that the choice to pursue a P3 for upgrades to Montreal’s University Health Centres (MUHC)12 is based on faulty and inaccurate assumptions and will end up costing taxpayers millions more than if they chose a public model.

British Columbia, Canada: BC's Sea-to-Sky Highway will cost taxpayers $220 million more than if it had been financed and operated



The city of Brussels terminated a contract with Veolia in 2010 after Aquiris, a consortium created in 2001 by Veolia Environment to support a BOT (build own operate transfer) in the city, deliberately dumped the wastewater from 1.1 million people into the river Zenne for 10 days. The chief executive of the regional water authority described this action as equal to “releasing an atomic bomb” into the river.15 Aquiris took this action while in a dispute with public authorities. One official noted that “whatever the rights and wrongs in the dispute it is hard to imagine that a publicly owned and operated company would have stopped the pumps like this.”16





Nitric Oxide-Donating Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs Inhibit the Growth of Various Cultured Human Cancer Cells: Evidence of a Tissue Type-Independent Effect





Recipe for Nitric Oxide and Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin ) Take One gram ( 1000mgs) with 81 mg of aspirin ( unenterocoated you want this to break down and quickly in the system )-add to 2 oz of water and 1 tablspoon of vinegar---mix well and drink---the impact can be felt almost readily---in areas of pain you can feel the inflammatory markers cox will feell like they diminish—Take this either every 2 hours for the first few servings and then after every 4 hour for chronic pain---this is not to be used forever and must be cautioned for potential bleeding in the stomach—but forsomeone with cancer this for a short interim maybe what is the answer --THIS IS AN INFORMATIVE AND  EDUCATIONAL SITE, USES OF THIS INFORMATION IS ENTIRELY THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THOSE WHO WISH TO CHOSE TO USE THIS INFO FOR PERSONAL HEALTH OR USES AT THE DISCRETION OF THOSE INDIVIDUAL(S)-SEEK CONSUL FROM QUALIFIED HEALER(S) THAT ARE AWARE OF ALTERNATIVES



Original Human 'Stone Age' Diet Is Good For People With Diabetes, Study Finds

ScienceDaily (June 28, 2007) — Foods of the kind that were consumed during human evolution may be the best choice to control diabetes type 2. A study from Lund University, Sweden, found markedly improved capacity to handle carbohydrate after eating such foods for three months.---During 2.5 million years of human evolution, before the advent of agriculture, our ancestors were consuming fruit, vegetables, nuts, lean meat and fish. In contrast, cereals, dairy products, refined fat and sugar, which now provide most of the calories for modern humans, have been staple foods for a relatively short time.---Staffan Lindeberg at the Department of Medicine, Lund University, has been studying health effects of the original human diet for many years. In earlier studies his research team have noted a remarkable absence of cardiovascular disease and diabetes among the traditional population of Kitava, Trobriand Islands, Papua New Guinea, where modern agrarian-based food  ( Farmed Produced )is unavailable. In a clinical study in Sweden, the research group has now compared 14 patients who were advised to consume an ‘ancient’ (Paleolithic, ‘Old stone Age’) diet for three months with 15 patients who were recommended to follow a Mediterranean-like prudent diet with whole-grain cereals, low-fat dairy products, fruit, vegetables and refined fats generally considered healthy. All patients had increased blood sugar after carbohydrate intake (glucose intolerance), and most of them had overt diabetes type 2. In addition, all had been diagnosed with coronary heart disease. Patients in the Paleolithic group were recommended to eat lean meat, fish, fruit, vegetables, root vegetables and nuts, and to avoid grains, dairy foods and salt. ----The main result was that the blood sugar rise in response to carbohydrate intake was markedly lower after 12 weeks in the Paleolithic group (–26%), while it barely changed in the Mediterranean group (–7%). At the end of the study, all patients in the Paleolithic group had normal blood glucose. --The improved glucose tolerance in the Paleolithic group was unrelated to changes in weight or waist circumference, although waist decreased slightly more in that group. Hence, the research group concludes that something more than caloric intake and weight loss was responsible for the improved handling of dietary carbohydrate. The main difference between the groups was a much lower intake of grains and dairy products and a higher fruit intake in the Paleolithic group. Substances in grains and dairy products have been shown to interfere with the metabolism of carbohydrates and fat in various studies.---"If you want to prevent or treat diabetes type 2, it may be more efficient to avoid some of our modern foods than to count calories or carbohydrate," says Staffan Lindeberg.---This is the first controlled study of a Paleolithic diet in humans.---Story Source: The above story is reprinted (with editorial adaptations by ScienceDaily staff) from materials provided by Lund University.



Trans-Palmitoleic acid --dairy fatty acid cuts type 2 diabetes risk

Researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health claim to have identified a fatty acid in diary products that may reduce risk of type 2 diabetes. --Writing in the Annals of Internal Medicine, the scientists examined data from a study that followed 3,736 adults from 1992 to 2006. -They found that those adults with the highest circulating levels of trans-palmitoleic acid – the fatty acid found in dairy – were exposed to the lowest risk of diabetes. ---The 20 per cent with the highest trans-palmitoleic acid levels were found to have a 60 per cent lower risk of developing diabetes compared to the people at the bottom 20 per cent of the sample. Lead author Dariush Mozaffarian said: This represents an almost three-fold difference in risk of developing diabetes among individuals with the highest blood levels of this fatty acid.”

“Striking” magnitude --Mozaffarian described the magnitude of the findings as “striking” but added that the study should be followed up with more observational studies and controlled trials to confirm any initial conclusions. --However, the scientist suggested that the positive effect that trans-palmitoleic acid appears to have on diabetes risk may not be that surprising. He said: “We wonder whether this naturally occurring trans fatty acid in dairy fats may partly mimic the normal biologic role of its cis counterpart, cis-palmitoleic acid, a fatty acid that is produced in the body. In animal experiments, cis-palmitoleic acid protects against diabetes.”


Deepa Khatri, clinical advisor at Diabetes UK, called for more research and advised caution when interpreting the study results.

“People should not take the findings of this research as a reason to exceed the recommended portion amounts of dairy food in order to prevent their risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. Milk and dairy foods can be high in fat, which if eaten in excess can contribute to weight gain.” -Funding for the research was provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases of the National Institutes of Health.

Source: Annals of Internal Medicine

Trans-Palmitoleic Acid, Metabolic Risk Factors, and New-Onset Diabetes in U.S. Adults

Authors: Dariush Mozaffarian, Haiming Cao, Irena King, Rozenn Lemaitre, Xiaoling Song, David Siscovick, Gokhan Hotamisligil



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