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Food Pyramid 1940’s- 2010
For Health…east some food from each group…every day!
GREEN AND YELLOW VEGETABLES…some raw—some cooked, frozen or canned
ORANGES, TOMATOES, GRAPEFRUIT…or raw cabbage or salad greens
POTATOES AND OTHER VEGETABLES AND FRUITS raw, dried, cooked, frozen or canned
MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS…fluid, evaporated, dried milk, or cheese
MEAT, POULTRY, FISH, OR EGGS…or dried beans, peas, nuts, or peanut butter
BREAD, FLOUR, AND CEREALS…Natural whole grain-or enriched or restored
BUTTER AND FORTIFIED MARGARINE (with added Vitamin A)
U.S. NEEDS US STRONG
EAT THE BASIC 7 EVERY DAY
IN ADDITION TO THE BASIC 7…EAT ANY OTHER FOODS YOU WANT
U.S. GOVERNMENT CHART
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
In 1943, it created the National Wartime Nutrition Guide, and then revised it in 1946 as the National Nutrition Guide. This guide offered 7 food groups which supported the RDA requirements:
RMilk and milk products
RMeat, poultry, fish, eggs, beans, peas and nuts
Bread, flour and cereals
Leafy green and yellow vegetables
Potatoes and sweet potatoes
Citrus, tomato, cabbage, salad greens
RButter, fortified margarine[U1]
During this time, many other guides were issued with contradictory advice. In 1956, because of the confusion, the multiple food group recommendations were revised to the "Basic Four" recommendation. Serving size recommendations were also added and the revisions were published in a booklet titled Essentials of an Adequate Diet..Facts for Nutrition Programs. The 4 food groups in this document included:
Fruits and vegetables
In January 1977, after listening to the testimony of Ancel Keys and other doctors and scientists intent on promoting the unsupported Dietary Fat-Heart hypothesis, the Committee published the "Dietary Goals for the United States" recommending that all Americans reduce their fat, saturated fat and cholesterol consumption, and increase their carbohydrate consumption to 55-60% of daily calories.
Gary Taubes writes about this historic event:
Then resident wordsmith Nick Mottern, a former labor reporter for The Providence Journal, was assigned the task of researching and writing the first "Dietary Goals for the United States." Mottern, who had no scientific background and no experience writing about science, nutrition, or health, believed his Dietary Goals would launch a "revolution in diet and agriculture in this country." He avoided the scientific and medical controversy by relying almost exclusively on Harvard School of Public Health nutritionist Mark Hegsted for input on dietary fat. Hegsted had studied fat and cholesterol metabolism in the early 1960s, and he believed unconditionally in the benefits of restricting fat intake..---Upon release of the guidelines, the cattle, egg, and dairy industries went ballistic. Congress was telling people that animal products were bad for health![U2] The intense pressure from these industries forced the committee into revising the report in late 1977. But the damage had been done, and American meat, egg and milk consumption continued to fall. Because the goals of this document were so different, the USDA did not adopt them at first. In 1980, the USDA partnered with the Health and Human Services department to issue the first edition of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, which eventually became the USDA Food Pyramid. During the 1980s, several other guidelines and reports were issued by various agencies. These included the Surgeon General’s Report on Nutrition and Health, and the National Research Council’s Diet and Health Report. Both reports were heavily influenced by the low fat proponents.
The USDA revised the food pyramid in 2010. As expected, the panel of "experts" advising the USDA were all proponents of the low fat, high carb diet. The wealth of gold standard research supporting a lower carb diet and reduced grain consumption was NOT reviewed, and sure enough, the pyramid continues to recommend the products that benefit agricultural and food processing interests. Dr. Richard Feinman discusses this denial of the facts in this paper.---here is the critique--------
In the face of contradictory evidence: Report of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans Committee
Adele H. Hite, M.A.T.a, Richard David Feinman, Ph.D.b, Gabriel E. Guzman, Ph.D.c, Morton Satin, M.Sc.d, Pamela A. Schoenfeld, R.D.e, Richard J. Wood, Ph.D.f
Abstract ----Concerns that were raised with the first dietary recommendations 30 y ago have yet to be adequately addressed. The initial Dietary Goals for Americans (1977) proposed increases in carbohydrate intake and decreases in fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, and salt consumption that are carried further in the 2010 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee (DGAC) Report. Important aspects of these recommendations remain unproven, yet a dietary shift in this direction has already taken place even as overweight/obesity and diabetes have increased. Although appealing to an evidence-based methodology, the DGAC Report demonstrates several critical weaknesses, including use of an incomplete body of relevant science; inaccurately representing, interpreting, or summarizing the literature; and drawing conclusions and/or making recommendations that do not reflect the limitations or controversies in the science. An objective assessment of evidence in the DGAC Report does not suggest a conclusive proscription against low-carbohydrate diets. The DGAC Report does not provide sufficient evidence to conclude that increases in whole grain and fiber and decreases in dietary saturated fat, salt, and animal protein will lead to positive health outcomes. Lack of supporting evidence limits the value of the proposed recommendations as guidance for consumers or as the basis for public health policy. It is time to reexamine how US dietary guidelines are created and ask whether the current process is still appropriate for our needs.
[U1]Notice this pyramid Butter has it’s own food group!!!
[U2]Here you have to question who benefited from all of this change—what part of the industry would have benefited from dropping meat and fat as a staple?? Who would at that point in time be the one to come ahead---would be the sector where soy and grains would flourish and grow